Phillip R. Yonge papers
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Phillip R. Yonge papers

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Georgia Historical Society
Creator: Yonge, Phillip R.
Title: Phillip R. Yonge papers
Dates: Bulk, 1800-1884
Dates: 1763-1884, undated
Extent: 0.93 cubic feet (27 folders in box, 2 oversize folders)
Identification: MS 2432
Collection materials are in English and Spanish.

Biographical/Historical Note

Phillip R. Yonge (circa 1779-1852) was born in British East Florida, son of Henry Yonge and Mary Powell Yonge. After his education in Europe he returned to Spanish East Florida and was among the Loyalists in the "Patriot’s War.” This was a precursor to the Seminole Wars that lead to the annexation of Florida to the United States. The "Patriot’s War" began after a successful revolt by patriots in Baton Rouge, West Florida declaring they were part of the United States. President James Madison authorized General George Mathews of Georgia to lead a similar revolt in East Florida, though later the United States would deny the attempt. General Mathews, John H. McIntosh, Georgians and local patriots began to move towards St. Augustine claiming the land for the United States. Along the way they occupied Fernandina and Amelia Island, Florida. Don Justo Lopez was in charge of the fort at Fernandina and authorized commissioners George Atkinson and Phillip R. Yonge to confer with General Mathews. Fernandina and Amelia Island surrendered to the patriots. Once the War of 1812 began, the United States denied sending men into East Florida to start the revolts, weakening General Mathews’ control. The locals of Fernandina elected Joseph M. Arredondo chairman, who later added Phillip R. Yonge to a committee of citizens authorized to summon people for defense in times of distress. Phillip R. Yonge later laid a claim against the United States for losses caused by the American troops during this time. Yonge married Mary Atkinson in 1813, daughter of Andrew Atkinson, a Captain General of the Spanish forces in East Florida, with whom he had eight children. Phillip R. Yonge later moved to Darien, Georgia where he was a director of a bank in Darien. He also headed the mercantile business, Ph. R. Yonge and Sons. He owned property in both Doboy Island, Georgia and Lake Jessup, Florida. He died in 1852 in Darien, and his remains, with those of his wife, were relocated to Laurel Grove Cemetery in Savannah, Georgia in 1856.


Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of deeds, indentures, land surveys, letters, a passport, plats, and rosters dating from 1763 to 1884 relating to Phillip R. Yonge. The papers pertain to a claim made by Yonge for losses due to United States troops in East Florida in 1812, military matters in East Florida during the Patriot’s War (1811-1814), business transactions of Phillip R. Yonge and his company, Yonge Richardson & Co., property in Georgia, including a plat for land on Hutchinson’s Island, as well as surveys of Phillip R. Yonge tracts in Lake Jessup, Florida, 1874-1884. Also included in the collection are a passport signed by John H. McIntosh, military rosters in Spanish for a Spanish Militia in Fernandina, Florida, and an invoice for three African Americans sold in 1820.

The documents are arranged in the order imposed by the donor prior to donation.


Index Terms

Darien (Ga.)--History.
Deeds.
Fernandina (Fla.)
Florida--History--Spanish colony, 1784-1821.
Hutchinson's Island (Ga.)--Maps.
Indentures.
Land surveys.
Letters (correspondence)
Merchants.
Military occupation damages--United States.
Passports.
Plats (maps)
Rosters.
Slavery--Georgia--19th century.
United States--History--War of 1812.
Yonge Richardson & Co.
Yonge, Phillip R., approximately 1779-1852.

Administrative Information

Custodial history

Items were found in a family-owned barn in New York State by J. Edward Jackson. Mr. Jackson donated the items to the Georgia Historical Society. According to the donor, there is no family relation with Phillip R. Yonge.

Preferred citation

[item identification], Phillip R. Yonge papers, MS 2432, Georgia Historical Society, Savannah, Georgia.


Restrictions

Publication rights

Copyright has not been assigned to the Georgia Historical Society. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Division of Library and Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Georgia Historical Society as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the researcher.

Access restrictions

Collection is open for research.


Container List

 

Fldr

1Item 1: Grey Elliot and his wife Mary of Savannah, Georgia and John Graham of Savannah, Georgia, indenture, May 5, 1763
 

Fldr

2Item 2: Partial Plat of Hutchinson Island, Georgia, undated
 

Fldr

3Item 3: Brig. General Thomas Flournoy passport, December 23, 1812
Signed by John H. McIntosh, Director of the Territory of East Florida for a Corporal and three soldiers captured by The Patriots of East Florida on November 29, 1812.
 

Fldr

4Item 4: Unidentified documents, undated
Relating to provisions during 1812 mentioning Amelia Island, Fl.
 

Fldr

5Item 5: James Edward Powell and his wife Mary of Savannah, Georgia and James Mossman, indenture, June 29, 1768
For 202 acres on Hutchinson Island for 1700 Pounds.
 

Fldr

6Item 6: 2.a. Compaña de Milicias Urbanas de Fernandina, February 1814
Military roster in Spanish.
 

Fldr

7Item 7: Names of Rebels, undated.
With notations.
 

Fldr

8Item 8: Harriet Louisa Baillie and Andrew Gray of Southfield, Scotland, indenture, December 25, 1800
Concerns property in Georgia. Recorded in Edinburgh, Scotland.
 

Oversize-Folder

1Item 9: Thomas Robertson, Sheriff of Chatham County and William Mien, indenture, July 14, 1806
From seizures of land based on the debts of James Mossman, includes tract map.
 

Fldr

9Item 10: Phillip R. Yonge letter, February 12, 1827
Describes a claim of compensation for troops in Fernandina in East Florida during 1812.
 

Fldr

10Item 11: S. B. Jenning letter to George Young, Superintendent of Georgia Railroad, September 3, 1864
Relating to purchase of rosin.
 

Fldr

11Item 12: Unidentified document, March 26, 1812
Relating to Fernandina, Fl.
 

Fldr

12Item 13: George Yonge letter, October 31, 1843
Copy of a letter from Phillip R. Yonge’s attorney, relating to the claim losses in Fernandina in East Florida during 1812-1813.
 

Fldr

13Item 14: 2.a. Compaña de Milicias Urbanas de Fernandina, undated
Military roster in Spanish.
 

Fldr

14Item 15: Yonge Richardson & Co. invoice, June 30, 1820
For three African Americans sold with 5 years interest, from Mr. Henry J. Hall, Jr. to Yonge Richardson & Co.
 

Fldr

15Item 16: Unidentified document, undated
Relating to Amelia Island.
 

Fldr

16Item 17: George Herbertson, Esq. letter, July 21, 1812
 

Fldr

17Item 18: Phillip Robert Yonge, Superior Court, District of East Florida claim, April, 1834
 

Fldr

18Item 19: Yonge Richardson & Co. with Hall Cooke & Co. ledger account, 1821
 

Fldr

19Item 20: J. H. Lee letter to Mr. H. Yonge, New York, August 23, 1884
 

Fldr

20Item 21: Treasury Department letter, October 13, 1843
Copy of a letter relating to a claim regarding U.S. Troops in 1812.
 

Fldr

21Item 22: Phillip Yonge, summons, February 1, 1813
For a debt owed to William Christopher.
 

Fldr

22Item 23: Unidentified document in Spanish, October 22, 1813
 

Fldr

23Item 24: Unidentified document in Spanish, December 13, 1813
 

Fldr

24Item 25: Unidentified document in Spanish, undated
 

Fldr

25Item 26: Unidentified document in Spanish, 1809
 

Fldr

26Item 27: Harriet Louisa Baillie and Andrew Gray, Esq. deed of bargain and sale, December 25, 1800
 

Oversize-Folder

2Item 28: Phillip R. Yonge tract survey maps, 1874-1884
Tract located in Lake Jessup, Fl.
 

Fldr

27Item 29: Phillip R. Yonge land survey description, undated
For 5,000 acres.