Carswell family papers
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Carswell family papers

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Georgia Historical Society
Creator: Carswell, Porter Wilkins, 1904-1986.
Creator: McMaster, Rosa Moore, 1875-1964.
Title: Carswell family papers
Dates: 1861-1963
Extent: 3.1 cubic feet (6 boxes, 2 folders, 1 oversize folder)
Identification: MS 2120

Biographical/Historical Note

Porter Wilkins Carswell Jr. (1904-1986) was the son of Porter Wilkins (1867-1905) and Arabella Walker Carswell (1868-1931) and was a lifelong resident of Burke County, Georgia. His family owned a cotton plantation near Waynesboro, Georgia, named Bellevue, which is said to have been an original land grant from the English crown. In 1980, the Carswell's plantation was the oldest plantation still owned by the original Georgia family. Porter Carswell Jr. was a prominent farmer, civic leader, and politician. He served four terms in the General Assembly. A University of Georgia graduate, Carswell was instrumental in bringing electricity to rural Burke County. He was active in numerous civic and agricultural organizations, including the Boy Scouts of America and the Sons of Confederate Veterans, and was a member of the First Methodist Church of Waynesboro. In the 1960s, Carswell was the editor of Waynesboro's weekly newspaper, the True Citizen, and served as a correspondent for the Augusta Chronicle. He also wrote articles for other newspapers, such as the Savannah Morning News Magazine.

Porter Carswell Jr. married Elizabeth McMaster Macaulay in New York on June 15, 1932. Elizabeth McMaster Macaulay was the daughter of Dr. Hugh Buchanan (1856-1908) and Rosa Moore McMaster (1875-1964) of Burke County. Dr. McMaster (1856-1908) was the son of Elizabeth Fleming and Hugh B. McMaster and was born in Winnsboro, South Carolina. He was a doctor in Burke County from approximately the 1890s and 1900s. He married Rosa Moore (1875-1964), the daughter of Elizabeth Sandeford and J. W. Shultz Moore. Dr. and Mrs. McMaster had at least three daughters, Rosa Moore, Rachel Buchanan, and Elizabeth.

Elizabeth McMaster married Dr. Hugh Angus Macaulay (1885-1931) on September 21, 1916. Dr. Macaulay came to Burke County in 1909 after the death of Dr. McMaster. The Macaulays had two children, Rosa Moore (later Mrs. Stephens E. Maxwell) and Hugh A. After Dr. Macaulay's death, Elizabeth married Porter. The couple had one son, Porter W. Carswell III. Porter Carswell Jr. died in 1986 and was buried in Magnolia Cemetery in Waynesboro, Georgia. His wife preceded him in death.

Mrs. Rosa McMaster was very active in civic organizations. In 1922, she was chairman of production for the Burke County chapter of the American Red Cross. She was a charter member of the Margaret Jones Chapter No. 27 of the United Daughters of the Confederacy in Waynesboro in 1896, which was only the sixth UDC Chapter in Georgia. She served as president of this group from 1921-1927 and for some time in the 1930s. In the 1920s, she also served the UDC as chairman of the Mrs. Norman V. Randolph Relief Fund for Needy Confederate Women. The Margaret Jones Chapter of the UDC came to a close in the 1980s. She also organized the Edmund Burke Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution at her home in Waynesboro in 1924. She served as the first regent of this organization. Mrs. McMaster's daughters were also active in the UDC and DAR. Miss Rachel Buchanan McMaster served as a page at the 1927 DAR Convention in Washington, D.C.

Waynesboro is the county seat of Burke County, Georgia. Both are known as the "Bird Dog Capital of the World." Interest in bird dog competition in Waynesboro grew when Dr. Hugh Buchanan McMaster's dog "Count Whitestone II" won the national competition in 1908.


Scope and Content Note

This collection consists mainly of the papers of Mrs. Rosa (Hugh Buchanan ) Moore McMaster and her son-in-law Porter Wilkins Carswell, Jr. Both are from Burke County, Georgia and much of their papers concern Burke County and its Confederate history. Rosa's papers are mainly from the 1910s-1930s. Carswell's papers are from 1961-1963. The earliest papers in the collection are two 1893 letters to Dr. Hugh Buchanan McMaster, Rosa's husband, concerning his upcoming marriage to Rosa.M

Rosa's papers make up the first 5 boxes of the collection. The first 4 boxes of her papers stem from her involvement with the Margaret Jones Chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy (UDC) in Waynesboro, Georgia in the 1921-1927. Box 1 contains correspondence to her while she was chairman of the Mrs. Norman V. Randolph Relief Fund for Needy Confederate Women and while she was president of the Margaret Jones chapter. There is some correspondence from 1917 to previous chapter officers. In Boxes 1 and 2, there are also some reports, programs, membership rosters, newspaper clippings, notes, receipts, and manuscripts dealing with the Margaret Jones Chapter. The newspaper clippings cover the local Waynesboro UDC chapter and the Georgia Division of UDC.

In Box 1, there is some interesting information about Confederate Veterans. Folder 6 contains applications by United Confederate Veterans (UCV) of Gordon Camp #369 for the Southern Cross of Honor. These applications list information about the veterans such as who they served with, when they were discharged, and their rank upon discharge. There are also pamphlets detailing the UDC's rules for awarding Crosses. Folder 7 contains questionnaires that were sent out by the Margaret Jones Chapter to Confederate Veterans living in Burke County in 1921 asking them to record their experiences during the Civil War and Reconstruction. There are about 8 questionnaires and some provide candid opinions on these topics.

Among the UDC papers in Box 2 are files relating to the Stone Mountain Confederate Monumental Association. The UDC was active in raising money for this memorial. There is correspondence, newspaper clippings, and pamphlets about the memorial and the fund raising efforts of the Stone Mountain Confederate Monumental Association.

There is some historical material in Box 3 relating to Burke County's Confederate history in the UDC papers. These include a typed manuscript on the histories of the Margaret Jones Chapter of the UDC, Burke County during the Civil War and Reconstruction, the Ku Klux Klan, and the Freedman's Bureau. There are rosters of different units who served in the Confederate Army from Burke County, including the Poythress Volunteers, Alexander Greys, Burke Sharp Shooters, Burke Guards, and Company F of Cobb's Legion Cavalry. This manuscript also discusses women's role during the Civil War and contains a copy of the Constitution of the Confederate States of America. In the oversized folder, there is the original muster roll for Company D of the 27th Battalion of Georgia Volunteers of the Confederate Army for the period of October 31, 1864 to December 31, 1864. Also in Box 3 are three volumes dealing with the Margaret Jones Chapter of the UDC. They contain minutes, membership lists, and a list of recipients who received the Southern Cross of Honor from the Margaret Jones Chapter of the UDC.

Box 4 contains UDC and DAR publications from the 1920s and 1930s. See the inventory for a complete listing of these publications.

In Box 5 of the collection are several folders of papers dealing with the Edmund Burke Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR). These stem from Mrs. Rosa McMaster's involvement with this group. These contain correspondence, rosters, programs, news clippings, and notes. This box also contains manuscripts on different segments of Burke County's history. Mrs. McMaster was involved with the Burke County Chapter of the American Red Cross and there is a file on this group. There is also a file of personal papers relating to the McMaster, Macaulay, and Carswell families. These include personal letters to Mrs. Rosa McMaster and news clippings about other family members. Other papers of Mrs. McMaster's in this box include files of poetry, plays, songbooks, and church programs. Finally, there is a file of miscellaneous newspaper clippings dealing with various people and events in Burke County. Some clippings are from the 1920s and 1930s and some are from the 1960s. There are several obituaries and marriage announcements in this file of people Rosa McMaster knew.

Porter W. Carswell's papers are in Box 6. These consist of correspondence to him for 1933 and for 1961-1963. The 1960s correspondence deals with Carswell's work as editor of the True Citizen, Waynesboro's weekly newspaper. There is a file of newspaper clippings of articles Carswell wrote for the True Citizen and for other newspapers. There is a file of typed letters from Civil War soldiers (from Burke County) to family papers. These letters look like they might have been printed in the True Citizen. They include copies of letters from Tully Graybill, John Devine Carswell (1841-1868), and John Wright Carswell (1806-1885). There is also a file with an odd assortment of materials dealing with Burke County history and a file of typed manuscript versions of newspaper articles (not written by Carswell).

In Box 6, there is a file of newspaper articles and correspondence by Ruby Royal Quick. She is from Burke County and is possibly a cousin of Porter Carswell's; his grandmother was Linda Royal Carswell. One of the newspaper articles lists her as a correspondent for the Augusta Chronicle. The articles are mainly short histories about different churches in Burke County.

In addition to the muster roll, the oversized folder also contains newspapers. There is a copy of the Gone With The Wind souvenir edition of the Atlanta Journal from December 15, 1939, the Civil War Centennial issue of the True Citizen (April 20, 1961), the March 1, 1964 issue of Savannah Morning News Magazine, and copies of the Sunday Feature Section of the Augusta Chronicle-HERALD for December 30, 1962; January 6, 1963; and February 3, 1963. The Savannah Morning News Magazine issue and the issues of the Augusta Chronicle-Herald's Sunday Section contain feature articles written by Porter W. Carswell, Jr. There is also a print of the Stone Mountain Memorial with a brief history of the monument.

The visual materials consists of various photographs of the Carswell and McMaster families (not all are identified). All but two are not dated and unless otherwise noted in the inventory are in black and white. There is a photograph of Carolina Helen Plane who was president of the Atlanta Chapter of the UDC from 1895-1896. The second folder includes images of the Stone Mountain Memorial produced by the Stone Mountain Confederate Monumental Association. They contain proposed images of the carving and images of the men carving the mountain. Eight of the tem images are postcards. The folders containing the photographs are indicated by "VM" in the collection inventory.


Index Terms

Burke County (Ga.)--History.
Carswell family.
Carswell, Elizabeth McMaster
Carswell, John Devine, 1841-1868.
Carswell, John Wright, 1806-1885.
Carswell, Porter Wilkins, 1904-1986.
Clippings (information artifacts)
Confederate Memorial Day.
Confederate States of America. Army. Cobb's Legion. Cavalry Battalion.
Confederate States of America. Army. Georgia Infantry Battalion, 27th. Company D.
Confederate States of America. Constitution.
Daughters of the American Revolution. Georgia State Society.
Decorations of honor--Georgia--Burke County.
Ku Klux Klan (19th century)
Letters (correspondence)
Macaulay family.
Macaulay, Hugh Angus, 1885-1931.
Manuscripts (document genre)
McMaster family.
McMaster, Rachel Buchanan.
McMaster, Rosa Moore, 1875-1964.
Military records.
Muster rolls.
Pamphlets.
Patriotic societies--Georgia--Waynesboro.
Photographs.
Quick, Ruby Royal, active 1961.
Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877)--Georgia--Burke County.
Red Cross and Red Crescent--Georgia--Burke County.
Sheet music.
Stone Mountain Confederate Monumental Association.
Stone Mountain Memorial (Ga.)
United Confederate Veterans. Georgia Division.
United Daughters of the Confederacy. Georgia Division.
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives, Confederate.
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Regimental histories.
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Veterans.
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Women.
United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands.
Waynesboro (Ga.).
Women--Societies and clubs.

Administrative Information

Custodial History

Material was acquired from a relative of the creators.

Preferred Citation

[item identification], Carswell family papers, MS 2120, Georgia Historical Society, Savannah, Georgia.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Porter W. Carswell, III, 1983.


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to the Georgia Historical Society. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Division of Library and Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Georgia Historical Society as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the researcher.


Separated Material

Artifacts were separated and cataloged with the Georgia Historical Society Artifacts Collection. View digital images of artifacts at the end of this collection inventory or search the Digital Image Catalog for further information.


Sponsorship

Encoding funded by a 2012 Documenting Democracy grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Container List

 

Box

1Rosa Moore McMaster papers

UDC correspondence, 1905, 1917, 1920-1921, undated
UDC correspondence, 1922
UDC correspondence, 1923
UDC correspondence, 1924
UDC correspondence, 1925, 1927, 1928, 1930
UDC Cross of Honor applications, instructions and recipients, circa 1904-1916
UDC Confederate veterans questionnaires, 1921
UDC receipts, 1917-1920
 

Box

2Rosa Moore McMaster papers

UDC reports, papers, and resolutions, circa 1920
UDC rosters and notes, circa 1920s
Brochures for the Robert E. Lee Memorial Fund and the Jefferson Davis Monument Drive, 1921-1922
UDC Programs and Invitations, 1920-1923
Correspondence and Fund Raising Brochures for the Stone Mountain Confederate Memorial, 1924-1925, 1928
News clippings, a report, and pamphlets re Stone Mountain Confederate Memorial, 1920s
News clippings about UDC in Waynesboro and in Georgia, 1910s-1930s
 

Box

3Rosa Moore McMaster papers

History of the Margaret Jones Chapter of the UDC (1921) and various Confederate Histories of Burke County (circa 1921)
Draft versions of the histories compiled in folder 1
Poythress Volunteers - Roster and History
List of members of Company D, 27th Georgia, Battalion of the Confederate Army
Minute book for the Margaret Jones Chapter of the UDC
Contains minutes for January 1901 - June 1908, a 1901 and a 1907 membership list, and a few news clippings pasted in from 1901, 1903, and 1906.
Minute book for the Margaret Jones Chapter of the UDC
Contains minutes for September 1908 - February 1923. A few membership lists are at the end.
List of Confederate veterans from United Confederate Veterans (UCV) Gordon Camp #369 who received the Southern Cross of Honor from the Margaret Jones Chapter of the UDC
 

Box

4Rosa Moore McMaster papers

UDC publications. Program from the 1907 Annual Convention of the Georgia Division of the UDC
UDC publications. 1921 Membership list of the Georgia Division of the UDC 1931 Calendar of the Georgia Division of the UDC
UDC publications. 1924-1925 Yearbook of the Oconee Chapter No. 58 (Dublin, Ga.) of the UDC
UDC publications. 1924-1925 Yearbook of the James D. Franklin Chapter (Tennille, Ga.) of the UDC
UDC publications. President's Report and Program from the 1922 Annual Convention of the Georgia Division of the UDC
UDC publications. President's Report from the 1921 Annual Convention of the Georgia Division of the UDC
UDC publications. Minutes from the 1921 Annual Convention of the National UDC
DAR publications. Program and Treasurer's Report from the 1926 Meeting of the National Society of the DAR
DAR publications. Program from the 1927 State Conference of the Georgia DAR
DAR publications. 1927 Constitution and By-laws of the National Society of the DAR
DAR publications. President's Address from the 1927 Congress of the National Society of the DAR
DAR publications. Minutes of the 1926 and 1927 Conferences of the Georgia Society of the DAR
DAR publications. Minutes of the 1935 Conference of the National Society of the DAR
Typed copy of the Constitution of the Confederate States of America
Minutes of the Annual Convention of the Confederated Southern Memorial Association, 1904
Program from the 1920 Annual conference of the Children of the Confederacy
Volume 21, no. 16 of the Washington and Lee University Bulletin on the memory of Robert E. Lee, September 25, 1922
 

Box

5Rosa Moore McMaster papers

DAR correspondence, 1927-1928, 1936, and undated.
DAR rosters, programs, and notes, 1925-1928, 1932
Newsclippings re DAR at local, state, and national levels, 1900, 1926-1927, 1934
Burke Co. Chapter of the American Red Cross, 1921-1922
Personal Papers, 1903, 1922-1928, 1930, 1934, 1936
2 letters to Dr, Hugh B. McMaster, 1893
Church program (1294), religious stories and play
Poetry and anecdotes
Plays and songbooks
Burke County histories
News clippings re miscellaneous people and Burke County
 

Box

6Porter W. Carswell, Jr. papers

Correspondence, 1933, 1961-1963
Newspaper articles written by Porter W. Carswell, Jr., circa 1961-1963
Newspaper story ideas
Burke County History Materials
Civil War letters, 1862-1864
Ruby Royal Quick, circa 1961
Newspaper articles about Porter W. Carswell, Jr., circa 1962
Oversize folder: Newspapers, muster roll (1864) and print of Stone Mountain memorial. (Missing, 11/2007)

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photo

11Unidentified home

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12Unidentified colt and man

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13Same unidentified colt as in photo 2 with an unidentified woman

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14"Little Ben and Aunt Rosa"

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15Possibly Bellevue, the Carswell family home in Burke County (in color)

Mrs. Porter Carswell (Arabella Walker Carswell)

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17Burke County's three legislators in 1900: Emmett Gresham, Hewinton (?), and Porter W. Carswell, Sr.

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18-9Mrs. Rosa McMaster

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110-12Seven women (one of whom is Mrs. Rosa McMaster) of the DAR and three young boys, who are dressed in colonial costume

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113-15Same three unidentified young boys in colonial costume and 1 unidentified young girl

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116Unidentified young girl in colonial costume

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117Possibly the unveiling of a monument by the Edmund Burke chapter of the DAR in Waynesboro. The people in photos 10-16 are in this photo

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118Picture of Caroline Helen Paine attached to a UDC ribbon dated July 31, 1898

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21-10Images of Stone Mountain Confederate Memorial, circa mid-1920s
 
Artifacts
A-2120-001 Chip of granite from General Robert E. Lee’s figure on Stone Mountain View online.
A-2120-002 Small box of paper United Daughters of the Confederacy seals View online.
A-2120-003 Ribbon from the 1906 Confederate Memorial Day in Waynesboro, Georgia View online.
A-2120-004 D.A.R. conference ribbon View online.
A-2120-005 Daughters of the American Revolution ribbon View online.
A-2120-006 Rosa Moore McMaster’s delegate badge for the Louisiana Purchase Exposition View online.
A-2120-007 Oil cloth 60” tape measure wrapped around a paper envelope View online.