Dixie Engraving Company collection
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Dixie Engraving Company collection

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Georgia Historical Society
Title: Dixie Engraving Company collection
Dates: 1902 December-1976 May
Extent: 8.05 cubic feet (62 volumes, 1 box, 1 oversized folder)
Identification: MS 2018

Biographical/Historical Note

The Dixie Engraving Company was founded in Savannah, Georgia in 1903/4 by William Henry Hoffman. Hoffman was born Wilhelm Heinrich Hoffman in Nentershausen, Germany in 1860. He emigrated to the United States and became a U.S. citizen while living in Pennsylvania in 1885. He moved to Savannah some time prior to 1890, and in 1892, he started his own art photography business. He owned his own studio until 1909 when he sold it to J.R. Solomon. In either 1903 or 1904, Hoffman began the Dixie Engraving Company, specializing in photo-engravings. Before the establishment of Dixie Engraving, the nearest place to get photo-engravings was in Atlanta or Jacksonville. The company was first located in the Board of Trade Building, but moved to 128 W. Bay Street in 1911.

Dixie’s business extended throughout the southeast. The Savannah Morning News and Savannah Evening Press were longtime Dixie customers. Hoffman was an innovator, and he pioneered the use of four-color process plates in the South. William Hoffman died in 1920. In 1922, his son, George Frederick (1899-1979), and Albert H. Schleuning took over the business, which was known for its family style service and business. The company continued to create art work, including designing and producing photo-engravings, which were engraved printing plates for use in newspapers, folders, catalogues, and booklets. Dixie also had a branch plant, The Charleston Engraving Company, in Charleston, South Carolina. The Charleston Engraving Company was in operation from November of 1929 to the late 1960s (approximately).

In 1967, Dixie Graphic Arts was established. This company was located at the same address as Dixie Engraving, but the exact relationship initially between the two companies is unknown. In 1973, George Hoffman sold Dixie Engraving to American Engraving and Graphic Arts. Stanley H. Dlugozima became president of the new company, which continued to business under the names Dixie Engraving and Dixie Graphic Arts. On March 25, 1979, George Hoffman died at the age of 79. He was buried at Bonaventure Cemetery. After his death, Dixie Engraving changed its name to Dixie Graphic Arts, which moved its home to 455 Montgomery St. Dixie Graphic Arts is still in operation today.


Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of 62 volumes of financial records for the Dixie Engraving Company, Dixie Graphic Arts (both of Savannah, Georgia), and the Charleston Engraving Company of Charleston, South Carolina. The ledgers span from May 1907 to May 1976 with very few gaps and provide such information as daily order logs, accounts payable, accounts receivable, and balance statements. In volume 1, there is also accounts for William Hoffman’s photography business for December 1902 to June 1906. Volume 62 contains stock certificates for the Dixie Engraving Company. Two of these certificates are made out to George Hoffman. The rest are blank.

In addition to the ledgers, there is also one box and an oversized folder with this collection. The oversized folder contains cumulative yearly summaries for Dixie Engraving and Charleston Engraving from 1915 to 1961 and 1968. In Box 1, there are five bank deposit books, spanning 1934-1953, for Dixie Engraving and Charleston Engraving. There is also a 1926 appraisal of Dixie Engraving, miscellaneous financial papers for Dixie Engraving and Charleston Engraving, a book on the art of photoengraving, and many examples of Dixie Engraving’s work.

Some of the examples of Dixie’s work had already been divided by the different processes used (such as halftone, three color process, four color process) or by the different companies the work was done for. Other examples were not identified by the process in which they were created and so were arranged by subject. In the section on advertising, there are ads for different beverages. In the section on buildings, there are images of many unidentified homes, most of which appear to be from Florida, judging by the architectural style and number of palm trees in the pictures.

Artifacts were separated and cataloged with the Georgia Historical Society Artifacts Collection. View digital images of artifacts at the end of this collection inventory or search the Digital Image Catalog for further information.


Index Terms

Advertising.
Charleston Engraving Company (S.C.)
Dixie Engraving Company (Savannah, Ga.)
Dixie Graphic Arts (Savannah, Ga.)
Engravers--Georgia--Savannah.
Engraving--Georgia--Savannah--20th century.
Graphic arts--Georgia--Savannah.
Hoffman, George, 1899-1979.
Hoffmann, William Henry, (Wilhelm Heinrich), 1860-approximately 1924.
Photoengraving.
Riverside Manufacturing Company (Moultire, Ga.)
Schleuning, Albert H.
Steel Products Company (Savannah, Ga.)

Administrative Information

Custodial History

Unknown.

Preferred Citation

[item identification], Dixie Engraving Company Collection, MS 2018, Georgia Historical Society, Savannah, Georgia.

Acquisition Information

Unknown.


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to the Georgia Historical Society. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Division of Library and Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Georgia Historical Society as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the researcher.


Separated Material

A-2018-001, Photoengraving of George Hoffman, undated was separated from the collection and cataloged separately. Search the GHS Image Catalog for further information.


Sponsorship

Encoding funded by a 2012 Documenting Democracy grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Container List

 

Box

Fldr

111926 Appraisal of Dixie Engraving
 
2Inventories of Dixie Engraving, circa 1916-1920s
 
3Dixie Engraving - Price Schedules and Misc. Financial Papers
 
4Charleston Engraving Co. - Receipts and stock certificates
 
5 The Art of Photo Engraving
 
6Zinc Color Plates
 
7Four Color Process Proofs
 
8Halftones with Solid Tint Background
 
9Three Color Process Proofs
 
10Monument Plates
 
11Zinc Halftones
 
12Riverside Manufacturing Co., Moultrie, Ga.
 
13Steel Products Co., Savannah, Ga.
 
14Examples of Work - Advertisements
 
15Examples of Work - Buildings
 
16Examples of Work - Florida
 
17Examples of Work - Miscellaneous
 
Bank Deposit Books

Box

Fldr

118Vol. 1 Liberty National Bank - for Dixie Engraving, 1934-1941
18Vol. 2 Liberty National Bank - for Dixie Engraving, 1941-1948
18Vol. 3 Liberty National Bank - for Dixie Engraving, 1948
18Vol. 4 C&S Bank of Georgia - for Dixie Engraving, 1938-1948
18Vol. 5 C&S Bank of South Carolina - for Charleston Engraving, 1942-1953
 

Oversize_Folder

1Cumulative yearly summaries for Dixie Engraving and Charleston Engraving, 1915-1961, 1968
 
Financial Ledgers
The volumes were numbered consecutively in chronological order as much as possible. However, some volumes contained information for more than one company and for a separate span of years. Some volumes also contain different types of financial information within the same ledger. The inventory below has been arranged by each individual company (Hoffman’s photography studio, Dixie Engraving, Charleston Engraving, and Dixie Graphic Arts) and then grouped by format (account books, daily order logs, and balance statements).
In some ledgers, the name of the company was clearly written at the front of the book. Other ledgers were not so clearly identified. Their identification was based on the information contained in the volumes. In some cases, the ledgers cover overlapping time periods for the same company.

Volume

1William Hoffman’s photography studio account books, 1902 December-1906 June

Volume

2Dixie Engraving Company daily order logs, 1907 May-1910 October

Volume

4Dixie Engraving Company daily order logs, 1916 January-1919 May

Volume

1Dixie Engraving Company daily order logs, 1919 June-1920 September

Volume

4Dixie Engraving Company daily order logs, 1920 October-1920 December

Volume

8Dixie Engraving Company daily order logs, 1921 January-1923 December

Volume

11Dixie Engraving Company daily order logs, 1924 January-1926 December

Volume

3Dixie Engraving Company account books, 1910 April-1915 May

Volume

5Dixie Engraving Company account books, 1915 December-1920 July

Volume

6Dixie Engraving Company account books, 1920 January-1921 June

Volume

7Dixie Engraving Company account books, 1921 July-1922 November

Volume

9Dixie Engraving Company account books, 1922 October-1925 October

Volume

10Dixie Engraving Company account books, 1922 December-1924 August

Volume

12Dixie Engraving Company account books, 1924 September-1926 June

Volume

13Dixie Engraving Company account books, 1926 July-1927 November

Volume

14Dixie Engraving Company account books, 1927 December-1929 July

Volume

15Dixie Engraving Company account books, 1929 August-1931 July

Volume

16Dixie Engraving Company account books, 1931 August-1934 February

Volume

17Dixie Engraving Company account books, 1934 March-1936 September

Volume

18Dixie Engraving Company account books, 1936 October-1939 March

Volume

21Dixie Engraving Company account books, 1946 June-1947 November

Volume

22Dixie Engraving Company account books, 1947 February-1948 January

Volume

23Dixie Engraving Company account books, 1948 February-1949 April

Volume

24Dixie Engraving Company account books, 1949 May-1950 July

Volume

25Dixie Engraving Company account books, 1950 August-1951 July

Volume

26Dixie Engraving Company account books, 1951 July-1952 July

Volume

27Dixie Engraving Company account books, 1952 August-1953 July

Volume

28Dixie Engraving Company account books, 1953 August-1954 June

Volume

29Dixie Engraving Company account books, 1955 June-1956 April

Volume

30Dixie Engraving Company account books, 1957 April-1958 February

Volume

31Dixie Engraving Company account books, 1958 March-1960 January

Volume

32Dixie Engraving Company account books, 1960 February-1961 December

Volume

33Dixie Engraving Company account books, 1962 January-1964 January

Volume

34Dixie Engraving Company account books, 1964 February-1966 February

Volume

35Dixie Engraving Company account books, 1966 March-1968 April

Volume

36Dixie Engraving Company account books, 1968 May-1970 March

Volume

37Dixie Engraving Company account books, 1970 April-1971 March

Volume

38Dixie Engraving Company account books, 1973 April- 1974 April

Volume

39Dixie Engraving Company account books, 1975 May-1976 May

Volume

61Dixie Engraving Company account books, 1967-1974

Volume

19Dixie Engraving Company balance statements, 1927 January-1931 July

Volume

20Dixie Engraving Company balance statements, 1931 August-1937 September

Volume

40Dixie Engraving Company balance statements, 1940-1949

Volume

41Dixie Engraving Company balance statements, 1946 September-1956 October

Volume

42Dixie Engraving Company balance statements, 1956 November-1966 December

Volume

43Dixie Engraving Company balance statements, 1957-1966

Volume

44Dixie Engraving Company balance statements, 1960-1964

Volume

45Dixie Engraving Company balance statements, 1965-1974 February

Volume

54Dixie Engraving Company balance statements, 1967-1968

Volume

46Dixie Engraving Company balance statements, 1970-1973 January

Volume

14Charleston Engraving Company account book, circa 1927-1929

Volume

47Charleston Engraving Company account book, 1929 September-1935 December

Volume

48Charleston Engraving Company account book, 1942 April-1948 June

Volume

49Charleston Engraving Company account book, 1948 July-1954 September

Volume

55Charleston Engraving Company account book, 1954 October-1961 February

Volume

56Charleston Engraving Company account book, 1961 March-1967 May

Volume

50Charleston Engraving Company balance statements, 1929 August-1937 September

Volume

51Charleston Engraving Company balance statements, 1937 October-1946 June

Volume

52Charleston Engraving Company balance statements, 1946 July-1956 December

Volume

53Charleston Engraving Company balance statements, 1957 January-1967 December

Volume

54Charleston Engraving Company balance statements, 1955-1966

Volume

56Dixie Graphic Arts balance statements, 1967 February-1968 June

Volume

57Dixie Graphic Arts balance statements, 1968 September-1970 May

Volume

58Dixie Graphic Arts balance statements, 1970 June-1972 May

Volume

59Dixie Graphic Arts balance statements, 1972 June-1974 February

Volume

60Dixie Graphic Arts balance statements, 1970-1973

Volume

62Dixie Engraving Company stock certificates
 
Artifacts
A-2018-001 Photo engraving plate of a portrait of George Hoffman, undated View online.