Bull Street Improvement Project records
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Bull Street Improvement Project records

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Georgia Historical Society
Creator: Carpenter, Gene.
Title: Bull Street Improvement Project records
Dates: 1897-2005
Extent: 12.2 cubic feet (20 boxes, 66 oversize folders)
Identification: MS 1719

Biographical/Historical Note

The Beehive Foundation was organized in 1989 in Savannah, Georgia, by Mills B. Lane IV (1942-2001) to publish books about Georgia and the South, giving them free to public libraries and colleges within Georgia and to selected other libraries outside Georgia, and selling them as an educational service; to restore and beautify the buildings and streetscapes of Savannah's National Historic Landmark District; and to support other charitable and educational activities. In 1970, Lane had founded The Beehive Press, which was subsequently integrated into the mission of the foundation.

During the late 1980s and 1990s, The Beehive Foundation was instrumental in the preservation and restoration of historic properties and the creation of new infill buildings within Savannah's Historic Landmark District, including 16 homes, a church (the Unitarian Universalist Church on Troup Square), and the William Scarbrough House, which was restored to house the collections of the Ships of the Sea Maritime Museum, initially founded in the 1960s by Lane's father, Mills B. Lane, Jr. (1912-1989) and located on River Street.

In 1989, Mills Lane, through The Beehive Foundation, proposed the idea of a five-year project to refurbish the main street of Savannah's National Historic Landmark District, Bull Street, by planting new trees, repairing brick sidewalks, replacing concrete walks with brick, and adding cast-iron lights and trash receptacles. The project's mission was to enhance the visual quality of Bull Street, the primary spine of the Historic District, and to make it a showcase of what could be done throughout the rest of the District. A complementary program, the City Sign Improvement Project, created new street and square name signs, and traffic control sign frames. Of the $1.7 million total cost of the project, $1.5 million was contributed anonymously by Lane's immediate family, consisting of Mills Lane himself, both personally and through The Beehive Foundation; his mother, Anne Waring Lane and his sister, Anita Waring Lane. The balance was contributed by the Lane Foundation (Mills Bee Lane Memorial Foundation), The Oglethorpe Fund, the City of Savannah, and businesses and residents of Bull Street.

Historic Savannah Foundation was asked by The Beehive Foundation to administer the Bull Street Improvement Project. Founded in 1955, Historic Savannah Foundation is a non-profit 501(c)(3) historic preservation organization, whose mission at the time of the Bull Street Improvement Project was "to preserve and restore historic buildings and sites; to protect Savannah's historic city plan; to advocate compatible new development; to educate the public in preservation principles and techniques, and to enhance the livability of Savannah's historic districts." Its headquarters at the time of the project, 212 West Broughton Street, served as the working office for the project. Stephanie Churchill was the executive director of the foundation during the tenure of the project and acted as the primary liaison between Mills Lane and The Beehive Foundation, and Historic Savannah Foundation and the City of Savannah.

J. Wiley Ellis, lawyer for The Beehive Foundation at the time of the project, was asked by Mills Lane to be the chairman and public spokesman for the project. He, along with Stephanie Churchill and Joe Webster, President of Historic Savannah Foundation at the time, chaired the public meetings held with area residents and press conferences held for the media.

John R. Reiter, AIA, was chosen by Mills Lane to be the project architect. He laid the groundwork for the layouts of the walks and site locations of the streetscape elements, and supervised and approved all work done by the project coordinator and contractors, for the most part pro bono. Lloyd Coffey and Dirk Hardison worked with John Reiter and the project coordinator to prepare the base plans used for each phase of the project.

Gene Carpenter was selected by Mills Lane to coordinate the project after Ann Rockwell initially held the position for six months. Carpenter had previously worked with Lane on many of his projects, including his Beehive Press series of books, "Architecture of the Old South", for which she drafted most of the drawings for all eight individual volumes. She later coordinated The Landmark District Tree Fund, another Beehive Foundation project also under the administrative wing of Historic Savannah Foundation.

Lee Hobbs (Leon M. Hobbs III) and Tony McClain, of Rosser Fabrap International, were instrumental in the beginning phases of the project by offering their services pro bono as lighting engineers to help design, along with the City of Savannah's Traffic Engineering Department and Savannah Electric and Power Company, the electrical conduit system to feed the new lighting and the lighting distribution patterns for all the street lights.

Roberts & Son, Inc., served as both the general and masonry contractor for the project. Headed by H.T. ("Tommy") Roberts, Sr., W. Roy Simms and Tommy Roberts, Jr., their team executed the majority of the sidewalk work for the entire project. Hoffman Electric Company, owned and run by Dennis Hoffman, served as the electrical subcontractor for the project. Franklin Painting Company, owned and run by Barry Franklin, served as the painting subcontractor. Eason Enterprises, Inc. was the subcontractor for demolition.

City managers serving during the tenure of the project were A.A. "Don" Mendonsa, in the beginning, and later Michael Brown. Susan S. Weiner was serving as mayor when the project started; Floyd Adams when it ended. All were supportive of the project, in particular City Manager Don Mendonsa with the sign project; Mayor Weiner with the project coordinator's interest in street paving and classic 4-way traffic signals, and City Manager Michael Brown's interest in general aesthetic matters affecting Bull Street.

The project worked closely with City of Savannah department heads whose departments were affected by the project, primarily Billy Jones, Director of Facilities Maintenance; Mike Weiner, Director of Traffic Engineering; Don Gardner, Director of Park and Tree; Horace Magwood, Director of Sanitation, and George Lemay of Parking Services. Department heads and staff in other departments were called upon for their input and expertise as needed and required, including the Downtown Programs Coordinators serving during the tenure of the project, as well as the directors of the Savannah Economic Development and Renewal Authority.

Plans for each project phase were presented to Beth Reiter, City Preservation Officer at the time, for approval by the Historic District Board of Review, over which she presided. Reiter also, in addition to department heads, played a role in the selection of materials and street furniture for the project, and was the project's contact at the Metropolitan Planning Commission for obtaining city records needed during the planning phases of the project.

The City of Savannah contributed the cost of all the handicap ramps installed as part of the project, from Gaston to Bay streets, and the cost to relay the already existing bricks, in disrepair, of the east/west semi-circular walks in Chippewa Square, which was funded by a city capital improvement project. The City was also instrumental in providing funds to help with the City Sign Improvement Project portion of the Bull Street project, as were local banks and other businesses along the Bull Street corridor, and contributed all the funding for the "Bay Street at City Hall Project", which was funded through the 1996 Olympics beautification program.

Union Camp Corporation donated all the trees for the project in 1991. Temporary brick "breathing" aprons were placed around each tree at the time of planting, which remained in place until the remainder of the concrete walk was replaced with the final brick paving.

Cynthia White, of Cynthia White Horticulture, served as the project's landscape designer and subcontractor to install the specified materials for the tree lawn areas of the corridor, primarily Asian jasmine ground cover.

During the process of selecting and ordering the litter bins, Aline Callahan was the volunteer liaison and interpreter between Historic Savannah Foundation and J.C. Decaux International, French manufacturer of the bins.

Several businesses and homeowners, at their own expense, worked with the project to include parts of their properties as extensions to the Bull Street project, most notably the "Old" County Courthouse, the Juliette Gordon Low Birthplace, NationsBank, the Bay Street at City Hall Project, and the residential extensions along West Charlton Street and West Perry Street.

City Manager Don Mendonsa; William B. Haile, Executive Vice-President, Trust Company Bank, and William W. Sprague, Jr., Chairman and CEO, Savannah Foods and Industries, Inc., were all instrumental in helping to raise money from Bull Street businesses and residents for the complementary City Sign Improvement Project. In addition to those key players, Esther Shaver, board member of the Downtown Neighborhood Association (DNA), also helped raise funds over several years to support the sign project. After the project's end, the DNA, upon Shaver's recommendation and support, donated the cost of additional street name and traffic control sign frames for all remaining squares within the Historic District through funds it raised from its annual Holiday Tour of Homes, year by year until all squares had the new signage. The City of Savannah contributed the labor and cost to install those additional signs.

After the completion of the Bull Street Improvement Project in 1996, Lane spearheaded the Savannah Squares and Streets Project (the "SSS" project) as an extension of the Bull Street Improvement Project, out of which evolved The Landmark District Tree Fund, which was also supported in large part by The Beehive Foundation.


Scope and Content Note

This collection consists primarily of the records of the Bull Street Improvement Project, which started in 1991 and officially ended in 1996. Also included are records of project extensions involving areas tangential to the immediate parameters covered by the Bull Street project, which were the "Old" County Courthouse, Juliette Gordon Low Birthplace, Nations Bank and the Bay Street at City Hall project.

Included as Series 2 are the records of a secondary, complementary project to the Bull Street Improvement Project, the City Sign Improvement Project, which addressed all signage issues along the Bull Street corridor.

Issues addressed by the Bull Street Improvement Project were tree planting; sidewalks, which included either brick or stone paving, curbing, handicap ramps, trench grate covers and tree well grates; street and square lighting; litter bins; parking meters, and the landscaping of tree lawns. Design and landscaping of the squares themselves was not a part of the Bull Street Improvement Project. Sidewalks within the squares were addressed only if they were concrete, in which case the concrete was replaced with brick or stone paving. Some design changes were proposed for Johnson Square but were not implemented. Signage elements addressed by the City Sign Improvement Project were street name signs, square name signs, and traffic control signs.

Records of the beginning phases of the Savannah Streets and Squares Project, which was established during the latter phases of the Bull Street Improvement Project to address maintenance issues arising on Bull Street, are also included.

Minimal records within the collection concerning streetscape issues and other projects not directly a part of the Bull Street Improvement Project, but addressed during and because of the Bull Street project include: street paving, classic 4-way traffic signals, general streetscape aesthetic concerns, street "furniture", the East Jones Street project (a City project), Liberty Square Restoration (a Leadership Savannah project), River Street and historic district signage, and a trash compactor screening fence for River Street.

Records include correspondence, contracts, notes, drawings, maps, plans, financial materials, vendor files, photographs, slides, surveys, research files, agendas, meeting minutes, reports, and newsletters.

The collection is organized into two series: 1. Bull Street Improvement Project records, and 2. City Sign Improvement Project records.


Index Terms

Beehive Foundation.
Bull Street (Savannah, Ga.)
Bull Street Improvement Project (Savannah, Ga.)
Chippewa Square (Savannah, Ga.)
Drawings (visual works)
Financial records.
Historic Savannah Foundation.
Johnson Square (Savannah, Ga.)
Letters (correspondence)
Madison Square (Savannah, Ga.)
Maps (documents)
Minutes (administrative records)
Monterey Square (Savannah, Ga.)
Photographs.
Reports.
Wright Square (Savannah, Ga.)

Administrative Information

Custodial History

Upon completion of the project, the majority of the records were deposited at the Georgia Historical Society by Historic Savannah Foundation. The remainder of the collection was kept at Historic Savannah Foundation, then transferred to The Beehive Foundation, and later deposited at the Georgia Historical Society.

Preferred Citation

[item identification], Bull Street Improvement Project records, MS 1719, Georgia Historical Society, Savannah, Georgia.

Acquisition Information

Gifts of Historic Savannah Foundation, 2000, and The Beehive Foundation, 2006.

Accruals

Accruals are not expected.


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has been assigned to the Georgia Historical Society, with the below exceptions. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Division of Library and Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Georgia Historical Society as the owner of the physical items and as the owner of copyright in items created by the donor. Although copyright was transferred by the donor, copyright in some items in the collection may still be held by their respective creator(s). For further information contact the Division of Library and Archives.

Exception #1: Rights to the design and manufacturing of the street name signs, square name signs, traffic control sign frames, and "Savannah Genie" luminaire. See #1, Gene Carpenter's explanatory letter to Mark McDonald, dated November 8, 2005, Box 12, Folder 3, and #2, the specific royalty arrangement for the "Savannah Genie" luminarie, custom designed for the Washington post street lights, within the correspondence folders for Architectural Sales and Illumination, Subseries 1.4.4: Lighting, Box 4, Folders 11-12.

Exception #2: Gene Carpenter retains the rights to the design of the "simplified Botanical Gardens settee". See Subseries 1.4.1: Benches, Box 4, Folder 1, and Subseries 1.10.3: Savannah Squares and Street Project, Box 10, Folder 8.


Separated Material

Artifacts were separated and cataloged with the Georgia Historical Society Artifacts Collection. View digital images of artifacts at the end of this collection inventory or search the Digital Image Catalog for further information.


Sponsorship

Encoding funded by a 2012 Documenting Democracy grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Container List

 

SERIES 1:: Bull Street Improvement Project, 1897-2002

This series contains the records generated by the Bull Street Improvement Project portion of the collection, which consist of the direct records of the project plus related material collected and used throughout the span of the project. There are thirteen subseries, arranged to include the direct records of the project first within Subseries 1.1 through 1.8. These contain correspondence and notes; drawings, maps, plans, presentation boards and surveys; material pertaining to each individual phase and component of the project; financial records; publicity and awards, and the photographs and slides taken during all phases of the project. Following the direct records of the project are Subseries 1.9 through 1.12, which are records pertaining to project extensions, professional groups outside of Historic Savannah Foundation, expanded streetscape interests, and the project coordinator's subject files. Subseries 1.13 concludes the series with a list of all sources, materials, vendors and contractors used for the project.
The project consisted of five basic phases: Phase I: the Monterey Square area in 1992; Phase II: the Madison Square area in 1993; Phase III: the Chippewa Square in 1994; Phase IV: the Wright Square area in 1995, and Phase V: the Johnson Square area in 1996. Any reference to a Phase 5 1/2 refers to the southwest corner area of Bull and York streets. This area was initially skipped due to the block being considered for a Federal Courthouse Annex at that time. It was subsequently included and completed at the end of the project in 1996.
Artifacts from the collection have been removed and are housed within the artifacts collection of the Georgia Historical Society.



SUBSERIES 1.1:: General project correspondence and notes, 1980-1998

This subseries contains the majority of project correspondence including correspondence from the following primary individual project participants: Mills Lane, project donor through The Beehive Foundation; J. Wiley Ellis, project chairman and spokesman; Stephanie Churchill, Executive Director of Historic Savannah Foundation; John R. Reiter, project architect, and Gene Carpenter, project coordinator. It also contains correspondence to and from project contractors; to and from project participants within the City of Savannah, including the mayor, city managers, department heads and staff; internal correspondence and notes between Stephanie Churchill and Gene Carpenter, and the final thank you notes written to major project participants. Any undated notes within a folder fall within the time frame of that folder.
To and from primary individual project participants

Box

Fldr

11Mills Lane, April 20, 1990 - December 30, 1992
2Mills Lane, April 3, 1993 - April 7, 1998
3J. Wiley Ellis, May 7, 1991 - August 8, 1994
Also includes list of project chairman's initial responsibilities, many of which were later assumed by the project coordinator.
4Stephanie D. Churchill, May 8, 1990- December 19, 1996
To and from primary individual project participants
5John R. Reiter, March 29, 1991 - November 20, 1995
To and from project contractors
6Hoffman Electric Company, April 17, 1992 - July 8, 1996 and undated
7Franklin Painting Company, November 20, 1995
8Roberts & Son, Inc., December 3, 1991 - January 18, 1996
To and from City of Savannah personnel
9City manager and staff, March 30, 1992 - July 31, 1996
10Mayor Susan S. Weiner, December 29, 1993 - March 31, 1995
Correspondence is between Mayor Weiner and Gene Carpenter and primarily deals with asphalt block street paving and 4-way traffic signals. See also Subseries 1.11.1 and 1.11.2 for more material on these topics.
11Downtown Programs Coordinator, January 22, 1992 - April 10, 1995
12Department of Engineering, November 8, 1993 - May 22, 1996

Box

Fldr

21Facilities Maintenance Bureau, November 19, 1991 - April 22, 1998
2Park and Tree Department, March 18, 1992 - September 2, 1996
3Parking Services Division, May 20, 1992 - December 12, 1995
4Sanitation Department, November 11, 1993 - November 21, 1995
5Traffic Engineering Department, January 29, 1992 - September 2, 1996; February 3, 1998 and undated
6Water Department, September 9, 1994 - September 18, 1995
Internal, between Stephanie Churchill and Gene Carpenter
7April 26, 1991 - November 17, 1992 and undated
8March 3 - December 31, 1992 and undated
9April 1, 1993 - December 17, 1996 and undated
Other
10Final thank you notes, September 2-15, 1996
11Miscellaneous, July 8, 1980; August 5, 1991 - September 15, 1998



SUBSERIES 1.2:: Drawings, maps, plans, presentation boards and surveys, 1939-1996

This subseries contains the drawings, maps, plans and surveys used for and during the planning, presentation and construction stages of the project. It is divided into two subseries. Subseries 1.2.1 contains the pre-construction and construction maps and plans for each project phase. Subseries 1.2.2 contains additional materials by category, and includes drawings, maps, presentation boards and surveys.
Subseries 1.2.1: Pre-construction and construction maps and plans for each project phase, 1991-1996
Most of the dates in this subseries refer to the dates the vellums, blueprints and other articles were initially drawn and not the dates the proposed changes were drawn. Most of the latter were undated and drawn at a later date than the underlying plans themselves, usually six to nine months prior to construction starting for a given phase. For example, the proposed changes for the Wright Square phase, with construction starting in 1995, were drawn up starting during the fall of 1994 and continuing through winter of 1995, and not in 1993 as it appears, which was when the base plans themselves were drawn.
Phase I: Monterey Square phase

Oversize_Folder

1Vellums showing pre-construction conditions, July 5 - September 2, 1991.

Oversize_Folder

2Blueprints showing pre-construction conditions and proposed changes, July 5 - September 2, 1991.

Oversize_Folder

3Bond copies showing pre-construction conditions and proposed changes, July 5 - August 25, 1991.

Oversize_Folder

4Blueprints showing electrical conduit plan, March 3, 1992.

Oversize_Folder

5Blueprints showing various lighting proposals, November 20, 1991.

Oversize_Folder

5.5Maps showing pre-project site locations of lights and various proposals, circa 1991.
Phase II: Madison Square phase

Oversize_Folder

6Mylar drawings showing pre-construction conditions, 1992.

Oversize_Folder

7Blueprints showing pre-construction conditions, 1992.

Oversize_Folder

8Bond copy with noted existing conditions, circa 1992.

Oversize_Folder

9Vellums with casually noted proposed changes, 1992.

Oversize_Folder

10Blueprints showing pre-construction conditions and proposed changes, 1992.

Oversize_Folder

11Tracing overlays showing proposed changes, circa 1992-1993.

Oversize_Folder

12Vellum overlays showing proposed changes, circa 1992-1993.

Oversize_Folder

13Vellums with overlays showing final proposed changes, July 6, 1993.

Oversize_Folder

14Bond copy showing proposed changes at 326 Bull Street, circa 1993.
Phase III: Chippewa Square phase

Oversize_Folder

15Vellums showing pre-construction conditions and proposed changes, July 4, 1993; May 2, 1994.

Oversize_Folder

16Blueprints and bonds showing proposed changes, July 4, 1993.

Oversize_Folder

17Blueprints showing pre-construction conditions and proposed changes, July 4, 1993; May 2, 1994.
Phase III: Chippewa Square phase

Oversize_Folder

18Vellum and blueprint showing pre-construction conditions of Chippewa Square, May 25, 1994.

Oversize_Folder

19Blueprint showing lighting plan for Chippewa Square, May 25, 1994.
Phase IV: Wright Square phase

Oversize_Folder

20Vellums showing pre-construction conditions, July 14 - September 13, 1993.

Oversize_Folder

21Blueprints showing pre-construction conditions, July 14 - September 15, 1993.

Oversize_Folder

22Vellum and blueprint showing pre-construction conditions of Wright Square, circa 1993.

Oversize_Folder

23Vellum past-ups showing pre-construction conditions, circa 1993.

Oversize_Folder

24Vellums showing proposed changes, August 26 - September 15, 1993.

Oversize_Folder

25Blueprints and bonds showing proposed changes, circa 1993.

Oversize_Folder

26Mylar and vellum for northwest block of Bull and Oglethorpe, circa 1992.

Oversize_Folder

27Vellums and blueprints showing proposed changes for "Phase 5 ½", circa 1995-1996.
Phase V: Johnson Square phase and project extensions

Oversize_Folder

28Vellums showing pre-construction conditions, August 30 - October 5, 1993.

Oversize_Folder

29Vellum and blueprint showing pre-construction conditions of entire ward, circa 1993.

Oversize_Folder

30Vellum paste-ups showing pre-construction conditions, circa 1994-1995.

Oversize_Folder

31Vellums showing proposed changes, October 5-6, 1993 and circa 1994-1995.

Oversize_Folder

32Final blueprints showing changes, circa 1995-1996.

Oversize_Folder

33Blueprint and bond showing plans for NationsBank, July 5, 1994.
Subseries 1.2.2: Additional materials by category, 1939-circa 1996
Drawings

Box

Fldr

31Pre-construction drawings, circa 1991-1996

Oversize_Folder

34Simplified drawings of wards, circa 1991-1996
Maps

Oversize_Folder

35 (rolled)Bull Street corridor, circa 1991.
2Individual ward maps, circa 1991-1992.

Oversize_Folder

36Lighting and litter bin site locations, Wright and Johnson squares, circa Fall 1995.
Presentation boards and drawings

Oversize_Folder

37Presentation boards for trees and walks, circa 1991-1992.

Oversize_Folder

38Presentation boards for trees, walks and lights, 1991-1994.
3Presentation drawings of lighting standards and litter bin, circa 1992.
4Project sign, circa 1992.
Materials relating to an on-site sign made to publicize the project. Ironically it was not allowed to be erected in the squares, as intended, due to its size being larger than allowed by the City.
Surveys
5Bull Street Improvement Project: Survey of Infrastructure, August 29, 1990, 4 copies.

Oversize_Folder

39Savannah Cadastral Surveys, 1939.
6Savannah Cadastral Surveys, enlarged., 1939,
7Savannah Cadastral Surveys, Monterey Ward only, enlarged., 1939,



SUBSERIES 1.3:: Individual project phases, 1991-1996

This subseries contains materials directly pertaining to each phase of the project, including correspondence between the project coordinator and the residents and businesses within each phase, construction notes, contracts, and other related materials. There are five subseries, one for each of the phases.
Subseries 1.3.1: Phase I, Monterey Square area, 1991-1995
8Correspondence, December 20, 1991 - April 5, 1995.
9Construction notes, circa 1992.
Includes a scheduling list and order of installation list filed in the back of the folder.
10Contract, Roberts & Son, Inc., April/May 1992.
11Address lists, circa 1991.
Subseries 1.3.2: Phase II, Madison Square area, 1991-1996
12Correspondence, December 18, 1991 - January 22, 1996.
13Construction notes, circa 1993.
14Contract, Roberts & Son, Inc., June 1993.
Subseries 1.3.3: Phase III, Chippewa Square area, 1994-1996
15Correspondence and miscellaneous invoices, January 18, 1994 - January 22, 1996.
16Construction notes, circa 1994.
17Contract, Roberts & Son, Inc., May 1994.
Subseries 1.3.4: Phase IV, Wright Square area, circa 1994-1996
18Correspondence, July 24, 1995 - November 16, 1995.
19Construction notes, circa 1994-1996.
Some overlap with Chippewa and Johnson square phases.
20Contracts, May 1995.
Contracts for Roberts & Son, Inc., Hoffman Electric Company and Franklin Painting Company.
Subseries 1.3.5: Phase V, Johnson Square area, 1995-1996
21Correspondence, December 11, 1995 - May 23, 1996.



SUBSERIES 1.4:: Individual project components, 1962-1997

This subseries consists of the records pertaining to the discussion, design, selection, ordering and billing of the individual streetscape components of the project, and includes correspondence, working notes, drawings, purchase orders, invoices, statements, bills of lading, catalogs, photographs, and miscellaneous material. It consists of nine subseries as follows: Subseries 1.4.1, Benches; Subseries 1.4.2, Curbing; Subseries 1.4.3, Landscaping; Subseries 1.4.4, Lighting; Subseries 1.4.5, Litter bins; Subseries 1.4.6, Parking and parking meters; Subseries 1.4.7, Sidewalks; Subseries 1.4.8, Traffic control devices; Subseries 1.4.9, Trees and tree grates and Subseries 1.4.10, Trench grates.
Subseries 1.4.1: Benches, circa 1992-1995
A bench for the Bull Street squares was never decided upon and therefore benches were never purchased for the squares as part of the Bull Street Improvement Project, although they were intended to be part of the project. The major stumbling blocks were whether the benches should all be the same or different in each square, and if the residential squares should have one style of bench with the more business-oriented squares another style. A consensus could never be reached. See note dated December 17, 1996 in Subseries 1.1, Box 2, Folder 9, internal correspondence between Stephanie Churchill and Gene Carpenter.
Robinson Iron Company's "Botanical Gardens Settee" was considered along with other more traditional ones similar to those already being used in the squares at that time. A simplified version of the botanical gardens settee was also considered for the more business-oriented squares in tandum with the original botanical gardens settee for the residential squares.

Box

Fldr

41"Botanical Gardens Settee", circa 1992-1995.
Includes history of, drawings and information on the "Botanical Gardens Settee" manufactured by Robinson Iron Company. Also included is an original drawing by the project coordinator for a simplified version of the botanical gardens settee, to be considered in companion with the original one. See related correspondence about these benches in Subseries 1.10.3: Savannah Squares and Streets Project, Agenda and minutes, December 8, 1994, Box 10, Folder 8.
2Correspondence, March 31, 1994 - April 5, 1995 and undated.
Correspondence with Robinson Iron Company, plus a list of the number of benches needed for each square. Includes correspondence about other streetscape elements as well.
3Photographs, circa Fall 1994.
Photographs taken at Robinson Iron Company of the "Botanical Gardens Settee" and other benches the company manufactures.
Subseries 1.4.2: Curbing, 1995-1996
This subseries contains material pertaining to the design, measuring, ordering, delivery, and billing of the sidewalk curbing from the project supplier, Reagin Granite Company, Lithonia, Georgia.
4Correspondence and construction notes, May 26, 1995 - May 23, 1996 and undated.
Also includes miscellaneous notes about curbing in general.
5Purchase orders and invoices, June 23, 1995 - April 5, 1996.
Subseries 1.4.3: Landscaping, 1993-1995
This subseries contains material pertaining to the landscaping of tree lawn areas along the Bull Street corridor. It includes correspondence, proposals, invoices, inventories and care sheets for plant material.
6Assorted material, May 26, 1993 - January 17, 1995 and undated.
Subseries 1.4.4: Lighting, 1979-1996 and undated
Most of the material in this subseries relates to the selection and ordering of the streetlights.
Spring City Electrical Manufacturing Company was the manufacturer of both lighting standards chosen—the replication of the Bishop's Crooks lights which once lined Bull Street (some of which were, and still are, remaining on Bull Street) for those sections of Bull Street between the squares and for major trust lots, and the Washington posts with the "Savannah Genie" luminaire for the squares and surrounding areas. The "Savannah Genie" luminaire was a custom-designed fixture based on Spring City's William and Mary luminaire. Also included are the drawings for the custom-designed access panel logo, known as the "light bulb logo" for the Bishop's Crooks, which have "City of Savannah" and a light bulb cast into it.
Architectural Sales and Illumination was the representative for Spring City and all correspondence about the lighting was conducted through their representatives. See Box 4, Folders 11-12 for that correspondence.
7Assorted material, June 26, 1979; February 24, 1983; December 3, 1997 and undated.
Includes some history from Spring City Electrical Manufacturing Company on different lighting standards, a glossary of lighting terms, information on lighting in the town of Bronxville, New York, and a lighting conference in Savannah, Georgia.
8Bishop's Crook, simplified design, December 14, 1992 - April 21, 1994.
Materials pertaining to consideration of a simplified Bishop's Crook design to use as part of the City's Master Lighting Planfor the historic district. Includes correspondence, drawings and plans, bids and comparison pricing sheets.
9Catalog sheets, circa 1991-1992.
Show various fixtures considered from different manufacturers.
10Conveyance, November 20, 1992.
Savannah Electric and Power Company's Certificate of Donation of Bull Street Bishop's Crooks lights to the City of Savannah. Fax copy.
Correspondence
11Architectural Sales and Illumination, August 5, 1991 - May 21, 1992.
12Architectural Sales and Illumination, June 11, 1992 - September 2, 1996.
13Blackburn & Associates, December 9, 1991 - August 2, 1993.
14Rosser Fabrap International, August 19, 1991 - 1993.
Miscellaneous
15July 3, 1991; June 5, 1995.
16October 14, 1991 - April 1, 1993.
Drawings and plans

Oversize_Folder

40Access door for first-generation Bishop's Crook, final drawings, February 1, 1993.

Oversize_Folder

41Access panel logo design ("light bulb logo"), casual drafts and final drawings, circa 1991 - July 24, 1992.

Oversize_Folder

42Bishop's Crook, comparison drawings, circa 1991-1992.

Oversize_Folder

43Bishop's Crook, final drawings, 1991 - circa 1996.

Oversize_Folder

44Bishop's Crook, final drawings, January 15 - August 3, 1992.

Oversize_Folder

45Bishop's Crook and Washington post, pre-final drawings, January 17, 1991 - April 24, 1992.

Oversize_Folder

46"Savannah Genie" luminaire, June 8, 1992.

Oversize_Folder

47Washington post with "Savannah Genie" luminaire, final drawings, April 2 - July 2, 1992.
Inventories

Box

Fldr

51All lighting fixtures, circa 1991-1992.
2Bishop's Crooks, circa 1991-1992.
3Invoices, statements, bills of lading, February 13, 1992 - June 28, 1996.
4Luminaire specification sheets, circa 1991-1992.
Show specifications of different luminaires, with lighting engineer's printout of lighting "points" for one area of Bull Street. Note attached to John R. Reiter, project architect, from Harvie P. Jones, architect, February 6, 1992.
Photographs
5Pre-project lighting standards in squares, circa 1991.
6First generation Bishop's Crooks, undated.
7Purchase orders, April 14, 1992 - January 15, 1996.
Historic Savannah Foundation to Spring City Electrical Manufacturing Company.
8Working notes, 1992 and circa 1991-1996.
Subseries 1.4.5: Litter Bins, 1991-1993
This subseries contains the records pertaining to the selection and ordering of the litter bins for Bull Street. Mills Lane proposed the selection of a litter bin he saw in Brussels, Belgium for Bull Street. The "litter bin committee" approved the bin after comparing it to other designs. It was ordered from the manufacturer, J.C. DeCaux International, located near Paris, France. Aline Callahan served as interpreter and liaison between Historic Savannah Foundation and J.C. Decaux.
9Comparison sheet, circa 1992.
Table listing comparison of different bins considered by the litter bin selection committee.
10Correspondence, miscellaneous, May 23, 1991 - November 12, 1992
Correspondence with manufacturers other than J.C. DeCaux International
J.C. DeCaux International
11Bills of lading, May 20, 1992 - March 5, 1993.
Correspondence
12December 17, 1991 - June 30, 1992.
13July 15, 1992 - December 1993.
14Illustrations, circa 1992-1993.
15Invoice and packing lists, December 12, 1992 - May 19, 1993.
16Miscellaneous notes and information, circa 1992-1993.
17Paint samples, circa 1993.
18Photographs, November 1991; August 1, 1993 and undated.
19Manufacturers' catalogs and printouts, circa 1991-1992.
Includes some overlap with benches and bollards.
Subseries 1.4.6: Parking and parking meters, 1977, 1992, and undated
This subseries contains material pertaining to parking issues; meters and meter poles; installation specifications and site locations.

Box

Fldr

61Assorted material, October 20 - December 2, 1977; July 29 - November 23, 1992 and undated.
Subseries 1.4.7: Sidewalks, 1962-1997
This subseries contains correspondence and notes; specifications for bricks and stone; quotes, purchase orders and invoices; assorted drawings, and other similar and related material pertaining to the design and construction of the sidewalks.
H.T. Roberts & Son was the masonry contractor (in addition to being the general contractor for the entire project); Old Virginia Brick Company manufactured most of the brick used for the project, which was a custom mixed blend named the "Historic Savannah Blend"; W. J. Bremer, Inc. was the local brick distributor, and Cut Art Stone the distributor for stone pavers used for a few select walks. (During the planning stage of the project, stone was specified to be used for major trust lots flanking the squares, but the expense proved to be too great and most owners of the trust lot properties were not willing to contribute to the cost.)
Initially the Bickerstaff company's "Regency" brick was chosen for the walks, but after the completion of Phase I, the Monterey Square area of the project, the brick was discontinued and replaced by Old Virginia's "Historic Savannah Blend" which was used to complete the project.
Cut Art Stone
2Correspondence, quotes, orders, June 5, 1991 - January 21, 1993.
H.T. Roberts & Son, Inc.
3Construction notes and punch lists, May 8, 1992 - April 24, 1996 and undated.
Old Virginia Brick Company
4Correspondence, October 15, 1992 - September 11, 1996 and undated.
5Specifications, circa 1991-1992.
W. J. Bremer, Inc.
6Correspondence, December 20, 1995 - February 12, 1996.
7Delivery receipts, February 3, 1994 - April 10, 1996.
8Invoices, June 24, 1993 - February 29, 1996.
9Purchase orders, May 21, 1992 - April 2, 1997.
10Quotes, June 1991 - April 8, 1993.
48Layouts for stone walks, circa 1992-1993.
Includes alternative stone walk layouts for some of the trust lots on Bull Street, including 1) post office (Federal Building, Wright Square), 2) Lutheran Church (Wright Square), 3) Christ Church (Johnson Square), and 4) NationsBank (Johnson Square).
11Notes, miscellaneous, April 1962; May 27, 1993 and undated.
Includes a note from Clermont Lee, Savannah landscape architect, to Rick Spitzmiller, architect employed by Historic Savannah at the time of the note, about England's stone quarries, paving methods, and the history of Portland cement. The folder also includes illustrations of different stone laying patterns.
12Signs, circa 1992-1996.
These are duplicate unused identification signs for paving materials used at the City Lot at Laurel Grove Cemetery to identify the Bull Street project materials stored during construction.
13Specifications, assorted, April 4, 1994 and undated.
Includes drawings of different bond patterns, handicap ramp profile, pattern for cutting bricks at the edge of curbing, cross section of border construction and base under bricks; border design for tree wells, paving detail and specifications for walks including corner detail where walks meet.
Subseries 1.4.8: Traffic control devices, 1993-1994 and undated
14Non-electric devices, November 9 - December 23, 1993 and undated.
Miscellaneous materials pertaining to yellow striping on pavement. Includes correspondence, notes and photographs.
15Traffic signal mast arms, assorted materials, July 29, 1993 - September 27, 1994.
Subseries 1.4.9: Trees and tree grates, 1990-1992
This subseries contains the records on species selection, planting and site location for the trees on Bull Street, and material on ordering tree grates to protect the trees, including correspondence and notes, site plans, quotes, purchase orders and invoices.
16Correspondence and notes, December 28, 1990 - December 18, 1992 and undated.

Oversize_Folder

51Site-location template, circa 1991.
Template used to make other plans.
Tree planting plans

Oversize_Folder

50Assorted plans, circa 1991.

Oversize_Folder

49Schematic plans for Bull Street tree planting, December 28, 1990.
17Tree grates, assorted materials, March 11, 1991 - November 11, 1992 and undated.
Materials on the selection and ordering of tree grates.
Subseries 1.4.10: Trench grates, 1992-1995
This subseries pertains to the trench grates used to cover drainage areas running across the sidewalks from building downspouts to the street. The records include correspondence, construction notes, drawings, purchase orders and invoices. The manufacturer of the trench grates was Urban Accessories, Inc., located in Woodinville, Washington.
18Correspondence, construction notes and drawings, March 9, 1992 - October 3, 1995.
19Invoices, April 29, 1994 - September 8, 1995.
20Purchase orders, June 25, 1992 - August 14, 1995.



SUBSERIES 1.5:: Financial records, 1990-1997

This subseries contains financial matters pertaining to the project, and includes proposals and quotes, purchase orders, invoices and statements, donation records, and other similar types of financial records. There are three subseries: Proposals and quotes; Purchase orders, payment vouchers, invoices, and statements; and Internal and miscellaneous records.
Subseries 1.5.1: Proposals and quotes, 1992-1996

Box

Fldr

71Franklin Painting Company, Inc., May 24, 1993 - March 10, 1994 and undated.
2Hoffman Electric Company, March 19, 1992 - December 4, 1995.
H.T. Roberts & Son, Inc.
3Monterey through Chippewa square phases, circa 1992-1994.
4Wright and Johnson square phases, March 13, 1995 - February 15, 1996, and undated.
5Johnson Square (square only), January 9, 1996 and circa 1995-1996.
6Miscellaneous, August, 24, 1994.
Subseries 1.5.2: Purchase orders, payment vouchers, invoices, statements, 1991-1997
7City of Savannah, December 3, 1992 - May 5, 1996.
8Franklin Painting Company, October 28, 1993 - August 29, 1996
9Hoffman Electric Company, Inc., May 1, 1992 - May 24, 1996.
10H.T. Roberts & Son, Inc., November 19, 1992 - April 18, 1997.
11John R Reiter, AIA, August 15, 1991.
12Miscellaneous, March 9, 1994 - April 1, 1997.
Subseries 1.5.3: Internal and miscellaneous records, 1990-1997
13Balance statements, October 1, 1990 - November 30, 1993.
14Budget sheets and notes, circa 1991-1996.

Box

Fldr

81Contract, Dirk Hardison, May 11, 1993.
Contract between Historic Savannah Foundation and Dirk Hardison for the execution of the working plans for Bull Street. Dirk Hardison took over after Lloyd Coffey left.
2Contract and related material, Lloyd F. Coffey, February 10, 1992 - January 15, 1997.
Contains correspondence, invoices and notes pertaining to the contract between Historic Savannah Foundation and Lloyd Coffey to execute to working plans for the project. Mr. Coffey did not fulfill his contract and legal action was taken against him. The bulk of the folder pertains to this legal action.
3Donations, Lane Family, March 18, 1991 - June 29, 1996.
Includes correspondence and copies of checks sent by Anita Waring Lane, The Oglethorpe Fund, Anne W. Lane, the Lane Foundation (Mills Bee Lane Memorial Foundation), The Beehive Foundation and a special trust for Ann Rockwell set up for her before she resigned as project coordinator, Fall 1991.
4Donations, miscellaneous, January 14 - July 9, 1993.



SUBSERIES 1.6:: Publicity, 1990-2002 and undated

This subseries contains articles written about the project for publicity purposes by both internal and external sources, including the project spokesman, the project coordinator, the president and executive director of Historic Savannah Foundation, and the local newspapers. Also included is the final presentation booklet on the project prepared by the project coordinator. Folder 9 contains articles written about Mills Lane upon his death in 2001, which mention the Bull Street Improvement Project.

Box

Fldr

85Bull Street Party, January 21 - July 25, 1996.
Includes correspondence from Mills Lane and others about a proposed party.
6Historic Savannah Foundation newsletters, March/April 1991 issue - September/October 1995 issue.
7Letter-style announcements, March 12 - May 2, 1991.
852Newspaper articles, May 4, 1992 - May 22, 1996 and undated.
From the Savannah Morning Newsand Savannah Evening Press, with undated articles in date order per project coordinator. In two folders, one oversized.
9Newspaper and newsletter articles, October 26-28, 2001; Winter 2002.
Savannah Morning News articles on the death of Mills Lane, and Historic Savannah Foundation newsletter containing a memorial article and an "Executive Director's Column" on Mills Lane after his death, which mention the project and his other achievements.
10Presentation booklet, 1996.
Final copy (2 copies).
11Presentation booklet materials, November 10, 1996 and circa 1992-1996.
Some of the material used to assemble the booklet.
12Reports and public relation statements, May 5, 1992; circa 1990-1996 and undated.
Also includes pre-project statements on "The Case for Savannah Street-Scape" and "Implementation of Savannah Street-Scape", prepared by Historic Savannah Foundation, date unknown.



SUBSERIES 1.7:: Awards, 1995-1996

This subseries primarily contains material relating to The National Arbor Day Foundation "Lady Bird Johnson Award" the project received. The project was nominated by Mary Helen Ray, a past chairman of the Park and Tree Commission. Mary Helen Ray and Gene Carpenter, project coordinator, attended the awards ceremony in Lincoln, Nebraska. The slide show prepared for the awards ceremony can be found in Subseries 1.8, with the descriptions of the slides found in Box 8, Folder 14.
The National Arbor Day Foundation "Lady Bird Johnson Award"
13Awards Banquet Program, April 27, 1996.
(3 copies).
14General materials, September 6, 1995 - June 18, 1996.
Contains correspondence, foundation publications and articles about the awards, and slide descriptions for the awards presentation.
15Forms, circa Fall 1995 - Spring 1996.
Contains the nomination form, entry form with support materials, and copy of awards banquet project summary and slide presentation.
16Publicity, circa Fall 1995 and May 8, 1996.
Articles in the Savannah Evening Press and Savannah Morning News.
17Phoenix Award nomination, circa 1996.



SUBSERIES 1.8:: Photographs and slides, 1991-1997

This subseries consists of the photographs and slides taken during all phases of the project, most of which by the project coordinator. There are "before", "during" and "after" shots of many sidewalk sections, as well as photographs of lighting and litter bin installations; tree and landscaping planting; many general construction shots, and some specific shots of various activities and elements associated with the project. Photograph locations are indicated on the photo folder flaps within each box.
The last entry in this subseries, OS folder 66, contains color photocopy enlargements of selected photographs from within the series mounted in presentation form to show "before and after" shots and the specific elements of the project—streetlights, litter bins and the signage. These provide an excellent visual summary of the project.

Box

Fldr

818Index, circa 1996.
Photographs (listing of index in Box 8, Folder 18 above)

Box

Fldr

151-9Monterey Square Phase, 1991-1992
File #1: Pre-construction shots
Pre-construction ceremony
File #2: General construction
File #3: General construction
File #4: General construction
File #5: General construction
File #6: Installing lights
File #7: Installing lights
File #8: Installing litter bins
File #9: Litter bins
Miscellaneous shots
Monterey Square Phase, 1993
File #1: Pre-construction ceremony
North end of square
File #2: General construction
File #3: General construction
File #4: General construction
Painting bishop's crook lights
File #5: Workers eating lunch
General construction
Painting bishop's crook lights
File #6: General construction
Installing bishop's crook lights
File #7: General construction
Installing lights

Box

16File #8: General construction
Leaking pipes
File #9: General construction
Planting trees
File #10: General construction
Mrs. Wilke's lunch with workers
File #11: Mrs. Wilke's lunch with workers
Installing lights
Planting groundcover
General construction
File #12: General construction; tree roots
Chippewa Square Phase, 1994
File #1: Pre-construction conditions
File #2: Pre-construction conditions
File #3: Pre-construction conditions
File #4: Pre-construction conditions
General construction
Pre-demolition shots
Pre-construction ceremony
File #5: Pre-construction conditions
File #6: General construction
File #7: General construction
File #8: General construction
File #9: General construction
Installing lights
File #10: Installing lights
General construction

Box

17File #1: Installing lights
General construction
File #2: General construction
Painting bishop's crook lights
Installing lights
File #3: Painting bishop's crook lights
Installing lights
General construction
Workers lunching
File #4: Dismantling old lights
Wright Square Phase, 1991-1995
File #5: County Courthouse dedication
File #6: Pre-construction conditions
File #7: Pre-construction conditions
General construction
File #8: General construction
Post-construction
File #9: General construction
Bishop's crook lights
File #10: Mrs. Wilke's lunch with workers

Box

18Johnson Square Phase, 1996
File #1: Pre-construction conditions
File #2: General construction
Pre-construction conditions
File #3: General construction
File #4: General construction
Installation of lights
Workers lunching
Sandblasting and painting lights
File #5: Curb delivery and installation
File #6: General construction
Post-construction
File #7: General construction
Post-construction
Planting a palm tree
File #15: General construction, Johnson Square
Miscellaneous, 1991-1996
File #8: Post-construction
Brickwork
File #9: Lighting demonstration
Old bishop's crook poles with cobra head luminaries
File #10: Painting light poles
File #11: Litter bin arrival from France
Litter bins being moved to storage
File #12: Street name sign prototype
Traffic regulatory sign frame prototype
Installation of street name signs
File #13: Vandalized or malfunctioning signs
File #14: Poor quality bricks
Trench grate
Underground light louvers
Artwork showing scope of project
Treelawn damage - St. Patrick's Day
City Hall Project, 1996
File #16: Stone delivery
Pre-construction conditions
File #17: General construction
Phase 5 ½ - West York and Bull, 1997
File #18: General construction

Oversize_Folder

66Photographic summary of project, circa 1996.
Color photocopy enlargements of selected photographs from within the series mounted in presentation form to show "before and after" shots and the specific elements of the project—streetlights, litter bins and the signage.

Box

19Slides
Monterey Square Phase: Pre-construction conditions
Monterey Square Phase: Construction
Monterey Square Phase: Post-construction
Madison Square Phase: Pre-construction conditions
Madison Square Phase: Construction
Madison Square Phase: Construction
Madison Square Phase: Post-construction
Madison Square Phase: Landscaping
Chippewa Square Phase: Pre-construction conditions
Chippewa Square Phase: Construction
Chippewa Square Phase: Post-construction
Wright Square Phase: Pre-construction conditions
Wright Square Phase: Post-construction
Johnson Square Phase: Pre-construction conditions
Bishop's Crook Lights: Pre-restoration
Sandblasting bishop's crook lights
Painting lights
Installing lights
Arbor Day award slide presentation
Detail shots
Street name signs



SUBSERIES 1.9:: Project extensions and other projects, 1990-1997

This subseries is divided into two subseries. Subseries 1.9.1 contains the records of project extensions, which consisted of sidewalk areas that were outside the immediate parameters of the Bull Street project that were added by the owners of adjacent properties with the permission and cooperation of the Bull Street project and the City of Savannah. In most cases the property owner participated financially in the extension. The records include correspondence, working notes, construction plans, budgets, purchase orders, materials used, and other miscellany.
The "Bull Street Station" sidewalk was not technically an extension, as the area was within the parameters of the project, but it was done separately and ahead of schedule, and in cooperation with the City of Savannah, due to the deteriorating condition of the stone walk in that block.
The "Bay Street at City Hall Project" was an extension to the Bull Street project but was funded by a City of Savannah capital improvement project through the 1996 Olympics beautification program. The City of Savannah hired Historic Savannah Foundation to be the general contractor for the project under the management of the Bull Street Improvement Project crew. The architecture firm selected by the City for the project was Gunn, Meyerhoff, Shay and the engineering firm, Saussy Engineering.
Subseries 1.9.2 includes streetscape projects outside the parameters of the Bull Street project, administered by others who sought the advice and help of Historic Savannah Foundation because of the Bull Street project.
Subseries 1.9.1: Project extensions, 1990-1997

Box

Fldr

91"Bull Street Station" sidewalk, March 4, 1993 - April 26, 1993.
Bay Street at City Hall Project
2Bills of Lading, May 8, 1996. and May 13, 1996.
3Budget, May 14, 1996.
4Contracts, April 10 - May 17, 1996.
5Correspondence, February 9 - September 2, 1996.
Drawings

Oversize_Folder

53Area plans, circa 1996.
6Traffic signal mastarms, March 27, 1996.
7Geodetic survey marker information, May 23, 1996; June 9, 1997.
Bay Street at City Hall Project
8Invoices, April 30 - August 2, 1996.
9Purchase orders, April 15 - May 1, 1996.
10Juliette Gordon Low Birthplace, December 17, 1993 - March 28, 1996 and undated.
NationsBank
11General records, 1995.
12Materials relating to glass block window well covers, January 30, 1995 - April 9, 1996.
13"Old" County Courthouse, September 14, 1990 - May 19, 1992.
Subseries 1.9.2: Other projects, circa 1993-1996
14East Jones Street, January 10, 1995 and circa 1995.
15Liberty Square Restoration, circa 1995-1996.
16River Street trash compactor screening fence, circa 1993-1995.



SUBSERIES 1.10:: City entities and professional groups, 1897-1999 and undated

This subseries contains records from professional groups Historic Savannah Foundation and the project coordinator worked with during the Bull Street project. It consists of three subseries, the Historic Improvement Team of Savannah (HITS), the Metropolitan Planning Commission, and the Savannah Squares and Streets Committee.
Subseries 1.10.1: Historic Improvement Team of Savannah, 1990-1991 and undated
This subseries contains documents acquired by the project coordinator probably from the executive director of Historic Savannah Foundation. The Historic Improvement Team of Savannah (HITS) was a sub-committee of the Downtown Neighborhood Association, which addressed all issues of livability within the historic district, including streetscape issues.

Box

Fldr

101"Recommendations for Historic District Master Improvement Plan", April 13, 1991.
Draft of plan with memo from HITS steering committee to various city entities.
2Miscellaneous, August 7, 1990 - April 13, 1991 and undated.
Notes, plans, agendas, summaries, with some materials pertaining to the "Recommendations for Historic District Master Improvement Plan".
Subseries 1.10.2: Metropolitan Planning Commission, 1989-1996
This subseries contains documents given to the executive director of Historic Savannah Foundation and the project coordinator from the Metropolitan Planning Commission as material to be used as needed for the project.
Historic District Conditions Survey, 1989
Surveys of each of the five Bull Street wards from the Metropolitan Planning Commission's Historic District Conditions Survey. The surveys include existing conditions and recommendations for land use, zoning, surface off-street parking lots, sidewalk paving, public landscaping (tree lawns), pedestrian lighting, litter and refuse, existing building heights, vacant/for sale buildings, and an historic building map addendum.
3Monterey Ward (Monterey Square area), 3 copies.
4Jasper Ward (Madison Square area) and Brown Ward (Chippewa Square area).
5Percival Ward (Wright Square area) and Derby Ward (Johnson Square area).
6"Historic District Issues Workshop", January 13, 1996.
Materials from the workshop.
7"Making Bay Street Pedestrian Friendly", August 2-22, 1995.
Concept proposal prepared by the Chatham Urban Transportation Study (CUTS).
Subseries 1.10.3: Savannah Squares and Streets Project ("SSS" project), 1897-1999 and undated
This subseries contains general correspondence, a meeting agenda and minutes about the formation of the Savannah Squares and Streets Project committee, circa 1994; materials collected and donated by committee members (primarily publications and photocopies of material on various related topics), and the committee's final publication, Savannah Squares & Streets Project: Report of the Committee - 1999. The "SSS" committee (as it was casually known to committee members) evolved as a result of unaddressed maintenance and design issues stemming from the Bull Street project. It was hoped that the "SSS" project could develop ways to assist the City of Savannah with these issues. It was through this project that The Landmark District Tree Fund was established, as well as plans to create both a comprehensive design manual and a plants and maintenance manual for the Park and Tree Department in an effort to help with design and maintenance issues facing the squares.
Some records of The Landmark District Tree Fund are on deposit at Georgia Historical Society, as well as a copy of "Savannah Squares: Plant Identification & Maintenance Manual", a watered-down version of what had initially been proposed and hoped for, for the above-mentioned plants and maintenance manual. The design manual was never produced.
Committee materials
8Agenda and minutes, December 8, 1994.
9Committee report, 1999.
10Correspondence, May 4, 1993 - March 21, 1995.
11Planting and Maintenance Manual proposal, November 5, 1998.
12Purpose statement, circa 1994.
Collected documents for committee use
13"Aesthetics and Land-Use Controls: Beyond Ecology and Economics", circa 1987.
14Beach Institute history and architectural inventory, undated.
15Historic landscape preservation materials, 1991-1993 and undated.
16International Dark-Sky Association, June 1993.
17Landscape design materials, April 1897; 1949; circa 1980; March 1994 - July 25, 1994 and undated.
18Letter with attachment, November 2, 1994 and undated.
19Park and Tree Commission Vision Setting, circa 1995.



SUBSERIES 1.11:: Expanded streetscape interests, 1916-1996

This subseries consists of streetscape issues not directly covered by the project itself, but which gained attention nevertheless as aesthetic and preservation issues to be addressed during the project. The two major issues covered are street paving and classic, 4-way traffic signals. See also Gene Carpenter's correspondence about the matters with Mayor Susan Weiner, Subseries 1.1: General project correspondence and notes, Box 1, Folder 10.
Subseries 1.11.1: Street paving, 1916-1995

Box

Fldr

111General correspondence, December 4, 1992 - April 29, 1995.
Primarily discusses different types of paving materials, specifically asphalt block pavers as laid around Savannah's 20 squares, circa 1906; whether or not to restore brick-paved and asphalt-block-paved streets; costs and comparison costs for new modular paving, specifically asphalt block paving, and the history of asphalt block paving in Savannah. For the latter, see the memo correspondence dated December 16, 1993 with its attachments within this folder.
Hastings Pavement Company, Inc.
2Assorted materials, May 28, 1993 - October 10, 1994 and undated.
3Letter, June 20, 1916.
4Shuman Construction Company, December 1-10, 1993 and undated.
Includes correspondence, notes and quotes.
5Miscellaneous notes, drawings and maps, circa 1992-1994.
Includes a drawing of a paving pattern for streets and crosswalks using asphalt block modular pavers executed by the project coordinator.
6Miscellaneous, September 1, 1971; June 22, 1995 and undated.
Contains letter from the Metropolitan Planning Commission outlining its philosophy on street paving materials, 1971, and street resurfacing schedules for 1995, plus other miscellany.
Subseries 1.11.2: Classic 4-way traffic signals, 1991-1996
7Correspondence, July 27, 1994 - September 2, 1996.
Correspondence between Gene Carpenter, as an individual and not project coordinator, to city officials and others regarding classic 4-way traffic signals.
8Presentation materials, May 13, 1991; June 10, 1992 and undated.
Materials pertaining to Gene Carpenter's presentation to the Historic Board of Review on classic 4-way traffic signals.
9Notes and miscellaneous information, circa 1992.
Notes and miscellaneous information on classic 4-way traffic signal "sightings" in and around Jacksonville, Florida, including Green Cove Springs and St. Augustine, Florida, by Gene Carpenter on a trip there, with miscellaneous notes about different streetscape organizations.
Subseries 1.11.3: Other issues and interests, 1992-circa 1994
10"Streetscape Aesthetic Concerns" report, circa 1993-1994.
Report prepared by Gene Carpenter, project coordinator, for presentation to Michael Brown, City Manager of Savannah. Photocopies of accompanying photographs are included.
11Street furniture catalog, July 1 - August 6, 1992.
Correspondence about a street furniture catalog project that was reignited as a result of the Bull Street project. The Park and Tree Department had originally initiated the idea and discussions were held in an effort to get the project going again. It was never produced.



SUBSERIES 1.12:: Subject files, 1918-1998

This subseries contains materials on different subjects relating to streetscape design, with the majority being newspaper clippings and magazine articles collected by, or sent to, the project coordinator.

Box

Fldr

1112Benches, undated.
13Brick and stone street paving, February 17, 1996 - February 1997 and undated.
14Lighting, 1918 reproduction.
Reproduction of sales booklet, "The New Era in Streetlighting", Booklet No. 150, Copyright, 1918, distributed by Holophane Lighting Company.
15News stands, September 29, 1994 and undated.
16Pedestrian bridges, April 27, 1989; August 30, 1994.
Includes note on subject from Mills Lane to Gene Carpenter, August 30, 1994.
17Phone booths, September 1992.
Includes note on subject to Gene Carpenter from Julie Belton, personal friend.
18Public street toilets, July 13, 1992 - October 31, 1993.
Includes a New Yorker magazine article that mentions J.C. DeCaux International, manufacturer of the Bull Street litter bins, also in the business of manufacturing public street toilets.
19Street lights, January 18, 1992; March 8, 1998 and undated.
20Street signs, circa 1991-1996.
21Streetscape design philosophy, November 25, 1990 - October 1996 and undated.
Various articles on streetscape design.
22Streetscape matters, miscellaneous, circa 1991-1996.
Clippings, business cards, Mueller Fire Hydrants brochure.
23Streetscapes and architecture, assorted, circa 1992-1996 and undated.
24Traffic signals, circa 1991-1996.
25Tree well hoop rails, circa 1991-1996.



SUBSERIES 1.13:: Source, vendor and contractor list, circa 1996

This subseries contains a document which was prepared by the project coordinator at the end of the project that lists all sources used for the project, including lights, bricks, flagstone, curbing, trench grates, litter bins, street name signs, traffic control sign frames, Savannah Green paint formula, tinted concrete formula, project contractors and City of Savannah contacts.

Box

Fldr

1126Source, vendor and contractor list, circa 1996.
4 original printouts; 2 double-sided copies.
 

SERIES 2:: City Sign Improvement Project, 1948-2005 and undated

This series contains the records of the City Sign Improvement Project, which was a complementary companion project to the Bull Street Improvement Project. After the initiation of the Bull Street project, the main participants in the project, including staff at Historic Savannah Foundation, Mills Lane of The Beehive Foundation, City of Savannah staff and members of the signage committee of the Downtown Neighborhood Association realized the need for better sign design and uniformity along the Bull Street corridor to visually complete the already-established streetscape improvement goals of the project—new brick sidewalks, lighting, landscaping and litter bins.
A campaign to coordinate that effort was established, with the project coordinator of Bull Street Improvement Project acting as manager and design coordinator while working with the City of Savannah and the businesses and residents of Bull Street to raise the necessary funds for the project. The three major types of signage addressed were: street name signs, square name signs, and traffic control signs.
The series consists of eight subseries: 2.1: General project records; 2.2: Fundraising campaign; 2.3: Street name signs; 2.4: Square name signs; 2.5: Traffic control sign frames; 2.6: Vendors; 2.7: Photographs, and 2.8: Related projects.
Subseries 2.8: Related projects, consists of additional sign projects that surfaced during the time frame of the City Sign Improvement Project, but which were not officially part of the City Sign Improvement Project. The input of Historic Savannah Foundation was solicited for these signs because of the City Sign Improvement Project.
For information about the rights to the designs of all three signs (street name, square name and traffic control sign frames) see Gene Carpenter's letter of November 8, 2005 to Mark C. McDonald under General project records/Correspondence/Box 12, Folder 3.



SUBSERIES 2.1:: General project records, 1991-2005 and undated

This subseries contains official project correspondence between Historic Savannah Foundation and the City Sign Improvement Project Committee, Historic Improvement Team of Savannah (HITS) signage subcommittee, Savannah Development and Renewal Authority, City of Savannah department heads, and Mark Smith of The Mulberry hotel. It also includes internal correspondence, memos and notes between the executive director of Historic Savannah and the project coordinator; Historic Savannah Foundation newsletter articles and Savannah newspaper articles about the project, and other minor items relating to the project.

Box

Fldr

121Agenda, January 10, 1996.
Meeting agenda for the Historic District Signage Project committee.
Correspondence
2City of Savannah, May 20, 1996 - January 13, 1997 and undated.
Concerns financial matters of the project.
3Gene Carpenter to Mark McDonald, November 8, 2005.
Letter to Mark McDonald, Executive Director of Historic Savannah Foundation after Stephanie Churchill, from Gene Carpenter, project coordinator, outlining the rights to the street name signs, and auxiliary signs, designed for, and as part of, the project.
4Gene Carpenter to Rebecca Herdman, April 11, 1997.
5General project, January 20, 1992 - June 9, 1997; August 7-15, 2000 and undated.
Also includes some notes, business cards and rolodex cards.
6Internal, January 25, 1993 - April 29, 1996 and undated.
Between Stephanie Churchill and Gene Carpenter.
7Vulcan Sign Company, April 23, 1992 - October 1, 1993, and undated.
Correspondence and working notes about replicating a cast metal with porcelain inserts street sign formerly used in Savannah. See photograph of sign in Folder #sp-47.
8Pricing and budget sheets, circa 1993-1995.
Publicity
9Historic Savannah Foundation newsletter articles, 1993-1995.
November/December 1993; March/April 1994; July/August 1994; January/February 1995 and March/April 1995 (with photograph used).

Oversize_Folder

54Newspaper articles, 1995.
January 16, 1995 (1 copy); February 4, 1995 (7 copies). Savannah Morning News and Savannah News Pressrespectively.
10Questionnaire, circa 1995.
Questionnaire prepared by project coordinator to be answered by City of Savannah department heads.
11Research, circa 1993-1995.
Miscellaneous information collected on signage in general, signage materials and finishes, and printouts from the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD).
12Signage proposal, February 8, 1991 and November 8, 1991
Signage proposal prepared by the Metropolitan Planning Commission and used by the Historic Improvement Team of Savannah (HITS) for a "Request for Proposals" for the design of a comprehensive informational and directional street signage program for Savannah.
13Survey, circa 1991.
Pre-project survey of primarily traffic signs of Monterey Square area.
14Working notes, circa 1992-1996.



SUBSERIES 2.2:: Fundraising campaign, 1994-1996

As part of the City Sign Improvement Project, a fundraising committee (City Sign Improvement Project Fundraising Committee) was created to solicit donations for the sign project from the businesses and residents along Bull Street.
The subseries contains campaign correspondence; donation letters from contributors with thank you notes and copies of their checks; miscellaneous financial correspondence and solicitation lists used for the fundraising campaign.
The general campaign correspondence includes incoming and outgoing correspondence from Historic Savannah Foundation, City Manager A.A. "Don" Mendonsa, the City Sign Improvement Project Fundraising Committee, businesses and residents on Bull Street, the Historic Improvement Team of Savannah (HITS) signage subcommittee, and the Savannah Development and Renewal Authority.
Original signatures of sign committee members A.A. "Don" Mendonsa, City Manager, and W.W. Sprague Jr., retired President and CEO of Savannah Foods, appear in the "Solicitation and contribution lists" folder, Box 12, Folder 17.
Correspondence
15Donation and thank you letters, April 19, 1994 - November 11, 1996.
Includes form letters used.
16General campaign, January 1994 - September 2, 1996.
Contains undated drafts of solicitation letters.
17Solicitation and contribution lists, April 5, 1995 and circa 1992-1995.
Left in order as received, except for "Contributions to date"... lists, which are filed in the front of folder.



SUBSERIES 2.3:: Street name signs, 1992-2002

This subseries contains materials relating to the design and manufacturing of the street name signs custom designed for Bull Street, including concept drawings by the project coordinator; sepia prints and blueprints from the manufacturer; various layouts considered for the typography of the street names; specification sheets used to solicit quotes from manufacturers; requests for quotes from the City of Savannah Purchasing Department, and summaries of quotes received.
The street name sign was designed by project coordinator, Gene Carpenter, using elements found on Savannah's ironwork as inspiration. The top element of the sign was taken from an element found on the window grates of the building at 352 Lincoln Street, on the northeast corner of Lincoln and Jones. The bottom element was styled after an element found on the cast-iron fence of the house at 10 West Jones Street, just west of Bull Street.
Historical Arts and Casting, Inc. of Salt Lake City, Utah, received the contract to manufacture the street name signs. Engineers working for the company translated the project coordinator's drawings and working prototypes into the final product.
Banana Graphics, Inc. of Savannah, Georgia was selected to compose the typography and to fabricate and apply the reflective, cut-vinyl lettering to the signs.
Pom, Inc. supplied the flange bases for the poles; the City of Savannah supplied the poles.
The original prototype of the sign, carved out of basswood and Upsom©© board; the typography layouts considered for the sign—one stenciled, the other using vinyl-cut letters—and the manufacturer's first-generation metal prototype of the sign can be found in the artifacts collection of the Georgia Historical Society.
See Subseries 2.6: Vendor files and related materials, for correspondence and other material specific to each vendor manufacturer.
This subseries is arranged in chronological order, from concept drawings to the manufacturer's final blueprints.

Oversize_Folder

55Drawings, circa 1992-1993.
Original sketches and drawings of individual design elements used for the sign design, and original dimensional layouts of sign.
Typography

Box

Fldr

131Preliminary layouts, February 26, 1993.
2Various layout "cuts and pastes", circa 1993.
3Presentation layouts, circa 1993.
Used for making presentation layouts, enlarged to actual size and mounted on foam core board, for evaluation on site by the sign committee.

Oversize_Folder

56Computerized layouts, circa 1993.
Used to determine percentage of letter condensing. Included are layouts for Bull Street, plus the two longest cross-street names within the parameters of the project, East St. Julian Street and West McDonough Street.
4Variations not selected, circa 1993.
5Layouts on file at Doug Bean Signs, January 7 - October 31, 2002.
Contains computerized layouts and correspondence regarding the layouts of all street names within the Historic District to be kept on file at Doug Bean Signs for use by the City of Savannah's Department of Traffic Engineering when replacing/reburbishing the street name signs.
Specification sheets
6Sign frame units, circa 1993.
Used to obtain quotes from manufacturers, but not necessarily the final specifications used.
7Typography, circa 1993.
Used to obtain quotes from manufacturers, but not necessarily the final specifications used.
Quotations
Requests for quotations from City of Savannah
8Street name sign frames, November - December 1993.
9Street name sign typography, November - December 1993.
10Summaries of quotations, circa 1994.
Includes summaries of quotations received for the street name signs and traffic control sign frames.
Sepia prints

Oversize_Folder

57Evolving design of sign, April 25, 1994.
Manufacturer's engineered drawings at various stages of development of the sign, none of which were used for the final design of the sign.

Oversize_Folder

58Final design of sign, April 25, 1994 - November 7, 1996.
Blueprints

Oversize_Folder

59Evolving design of sign, April 25, 1994.
Manufacturer's engineered drawings at various stages of development of the sign, none of which were used for the final design of the sign.

Oversize_Folder

60Final design of sign, April 25, 1994 - November 7, 1996.



SUBSERIES 2.4:: Square name signs, circa 1993

This subseries contains the drawings and specification sheets for the square name signs, initially designed by the project coordinator and fabricated by Banana Graphics. It should be noted that the version of the sign placed in the squares circa 2000 and still current in 2007, is not a correct fabrication of the original design as it appeared on Bull Street upon the completion of the project in 1996, and as approved by the sign committee and the City of Savannah during the design process. Upon the need to replace the signs, the City chose to alter both the design of the sign itself and the typography against the recommendation of Historic Savannah Foundation.
The original prototype (correct version) of the square name sign can be found within the artifacts collection of the Georgia Historical Society.

Box

Fldr

1311Drawings and various layouts, circa 1993.
12Specification sheets, circa 1993.
Used to obtain quotes from manufacturers, but not necessarily the final specifications used.



SUBSERIES 2.5:: Traffic control sign frames, 1991-1996 and undated

This subseries contains pre-project inventories of all the traffic control sign frames along Bull Street; drawings showing designs for the new sign frames; quantities needed of each shape; final site locations for the signs, and installation drawings and instructions. Also included in the series are specification sheets for the signs used to obtain quotes.
Lakeshore Industries was selected to fabricate the sign frames. This subseries is arranged in chronological order following the sequence in which the project was implemented.
Drawings and plans

Oversize_Folder

64Pre-project site locations of existing signs, circa 1991-1992.
Includes site locations for other, already installed streetscape elements. Five separate plans, one for each phase of the project.

Oversize_Folder

62Vellum design layouts showing corner radii, circa 1995.

Oversize_Folder

61Tracings and photocopies showing quantities needed of each sign, circa 1995.

Oversize_Folder

65Final site locations for signs, circa 1996.
13Installation drawings and notes, circa 1995-1996.
Drawings and notes on how to install sign poles in the ground; layouts for multiple signs on one pole, and site location design for each type of sign, with the latter used in conjunction with the master plans for each square.

Oversize_Folder

63On-site installation plans, circa 1996.
Installation blueprints used on site by Tommy Roberts and as follow-up punch list by project coordinator.
Inventories, pre-project
14City of Savannah's inventory, October 22, 1993.
Prepared by the Department of Traffic Engineering, City of Savannah. Used also to indicate pre-project site locations of extant Bishop's Crooks lighting standards.
15Project coordinator's inventory, April 17, 1995.
Pre-project inventory prepared by project coordinator.
16MUTCD sign layouts, undated.
Photocopies of traffic control sign layouts from the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) used to design and prepare layout sheets of signs and sign frames.
17Punch lists, September 23, 1996.
Punch lists for final sign installation for Roberts & Son, Inc., contractor. See also Oversized folder #OS 63.
18Quotations, November - December 1993.
19Specification sheets, circa 1995.
Specification sheets used to obtain quotes from manufacturers, but not necessarily the final specifications used. Includes summary of sign frames and poles needed by size.



SUBSERIES 2.6:: Vendor files and related materials, 1992-1997 and undated

This subseries contains correspondence, notes, quotes, invoices, company literature and drawings from all vendors considered for the projects. Also included are vendor catalog sheets and a list of vendors who participated in the project, either by quoting and/or receiving a contract.
Historical Arts & Casting, Inc. was selected to manufacture the street name signs; Banana Graphics was selected to fabricate the typography for the street name signs, and to fabricate the entire square name signs; Lakeshore Industries was selected to fabricate the traffic control sign frames, and Pom, Inc. supplied the flange bases for the street name poles, with the City of Savannah supplying all poles.
Vendor files
20Arlon: Adhesives and Films Division, August 24, 1994.
21Banana Graphics, April 21, 1993 - October 9, 1996.
Vendor selected to fabricate the street sign typography.
22Design Communications, Inc., January 6, 1995 - November 13, 1995 and undated.
23Eason Enterprises, February 13, 1995; March 10, 1995.
Historical Arts & Casting, Inc.
Vendor selected to manufacture the street name signs.
24Company literature and miscellaneous, circa 1992-1993.
25Correspondence and notes, January 19, 1993 - January 3, 1997.
26Purchase order and invoice, October 22, 1996; December 18, 1996.

Box

Fldr

141Lakeshore Industries, October 24, 1992 - April 6, 1993; January 29 - September 2, 1996 and undated.
Vendor selected to manufacture the traffic control sign frames.
2Metal Specialist, Inc., January 21 - November 23, 1993; April 21 - April 28, 1995, and undated.
Vendor originally selected to manufacture the traffic control sign frames. Switched to Lakeshore Industries.
3Moss Blacksmith Company, May 7-26, 1992.
4Pom, Inc., January 18-27, 1995, and undated.
Supplier of flange bases for sign poles.
5Roberts & Son, Inc., Invoice, November 11, 1996.
Related Materials
6Vendor catalog sheets, circa 1995.
7Vendor lists, 1996.
List of vendors who participated in the project, either by quoting and/or receiving a contract.



SUBSERIES 2.7:: Photographs and slides, 1948-1996 and undated

Box

Fldr

148Final products, circa 1995-1996.
Photocopy enlargement of photograph showing all three new signs: street name sign, square name sign and traffic control sign frame.
9Miscellaneous signs and lamp posts, undated.
Photographs of miscellaneous signs and lamp posts from other cities. Cities unknown; sent by one of the vendors.
10Previous street name signs, June 6, 1948 and undated.
Photographs of previous street name signs in Savannah, Georgia. Within the artifacts collection is one of the signs removed from the northeast corner of Bull and Macon streets, circa 1983.
Photographs and slides, circa 1995.
11Street name sign and traffic control sign frame prototypes, circa 1993-1995.



SUBSERIES 2.8:: Other projects, circa 1995-1996

This subseries pertains to services Historic Savannah Foundation offered to other entities during the time frame of the City Sign Improvement Project. Although not technically a part of the City Sign Improvement Project for Bull Street, it was because of the sign project that others sought the input and assistance of Historic Savannah Foundation.
River Street signs
12Drawings and layouts, circa 1995.
13Specification and quote sheet, circa 1995.
Historic District directional signs
14Correspondence and notes, June 7, 1996 and circa 1995.
15Drawings and layouts, circa 1995.
16Quotes, September 20, 1995.
From Banana Graphics, Inc.
 
Artifacts
A-1719-001 a Coal chute cover from the sidewalk in front of Nationsbank on St. Julian Street View online.
A-1719-001 b Thick purple glass insert for the coal chute cover from the sidewalk in front of Nationsbank on St. Julian Street View online.
A-1719-002 Geodetic Survey Marker removed from the sidewalk in front of the Savannah, Georgia, City Hall in 1997 View online.
A-1719-003 Street sign for the corner of Bull and Macon Streets View online.
A-1719-004 Utility marker View online.
A-1719-005 Protoype for the street sign design View online.
A-1719-006 Protoypes for the typography of the street signs View online.
A-1719-007 Cast aluminum prototype for ”Bull St.”
A-1719-008 Prototype of the signs for the city squares View online.
A-1719-009 Wooden lawn sign View online.