Caroline T. Bosbyshell collection on William Daniel Dixon
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Caroline T. Bosbyshell collection on William Daniel Dixon

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Georgia Historical Society
Creator: Bosbyshell, Caroline T., b. 1933.
Creator: Dixon, William Daniel, 1838-1914.
Title: Caroline T. Bosbyshell collection on William Daniel Dixon
Dates: 1860-1974
Extent: 1.85 cubic feet (5 boxes, 1 oversize folder)
Identification: MS 1620

Biographical/Historical Note

William Daniel Dixon (1838-1914) was born in Savannah, Georgia on September 26, 1838 to Andrew and Mary Ann Dixon. In 1861, he joined the Republican Blues and on May 31 of that same year was made 2nd sergeant. He continued to be promoted and on May 4, 1863 was made Captain. He surrendered at Greensboro, North Carolina on April 26, 1865. After the Civil War, in 1866, he married Ann Caroline Theus. She died on November 3, 1881 and Dixon married Ann's cousin, Carrie Cecil Theus, on February 23, 1884. Dixon served for eight years as Chatham county coroner and went into the undertaking business (Dixon and Ferguson). He was recommissioned Captain of the Republican Blues on January 26, 1887 and served in this position until 1896, when he was placed on the retired list. Dixon died March 20, 1914.

The Republican Blues, a military company, was founded in Savannah in 1808. It has participated in all wars since the War of 1812 (1812-1815), with the exception of the War with Mexico (1846-1848). With the advent of the Civil War (1860-1865), the Republican Blues were asked to form two companies. The 1st Republican Blues became Company C of the 1st Regiment and spent the beginning of the war guarding Ft. Pulaski and later Ft. McAllister. They served in various posts around Savannah until May 1864 when they were sent north to join General J. E. Johnston. They served with Johnston until the end of the war. On April 10, 1865, the ten remaining companies of the 1st Regiment Georgia Volunteer Infantry were consolidated into two companies. One of these was designated Company E and placed under the command of Captain Dixon.

After the Civil War, the Blues were forbidden to be a military organization. They reorganized as a non-military benevolent association on May 17, 1866. They reformed as a military organization on April 8, 1872 and were designated Company A of the 1st Volunteer Regiment of Georgia.


Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of nine series. The first three series contain photocopies of the materials while the last three series contain the original documents. Copies in the collection (Series 1 through 3) should be used whenever possible to save wear and tear on the original materials. Also, Series 1 through 3 contain copies of materials not otherwise owned by the Georgia Historical Society and not found in Series 4 through 6. A large portion of the William Daniel Dixon Collection consists of Dixon's Civil War diary and the Republican Blues daybook. A transcription of these items was published in 2000 by the University of Tennessee Press in Knoxville under the title The Blues in Gray: The Civil War Journal of William Daniel Dixon and the Republican Blues Daybook. This monograph was edited by Roger S. Durham.

The collection also contains visual materials, both original images and image reproductions. The image reproductions are mostly color photocopies, although there are also black and white photocopies and one color photograph. The original materials include cased images and albumen prints, including an ambrotype and a tintype.

The box and oversize folder containing visual materials is noted as "VM" in the collection inventory.


Index Terms

Albumen prints.
Ambrotypes (photographs)
Bosbyshell, Caroline T., b. 1933.
Cased photographs.
Confederate States of America.
Daybooks.
Diaries.
Dixon family.
Dixon, William Daniel, 1838-1914.
Fort McAllister (Ga. : Fort)
Fort Pulaski (Ga.)
Georgia--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
Georgia. Militia. Republican Blues.
Savannah (Ga.)
Theus family.
Tintypes (prints)
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives.
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Regimental histories.
Volunteer fire fighters--Georgia--Savannah.

Physical and Technical Access Restrictions

Original documents are fragile and are restricted from patron use.


Administrative Information

Custodial History

Material was acquired from family member of creator.

Preferred Citation

[item identification], William Daniel Dixon papers and visual materials, MS 1620, Georgia Historical Society, Savannah, Georgia.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Caroline Thomas Bosbyshell, 1996, 2001, 2002; Roger S. Durham, 1996.


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to the Georgia Historical Society. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Division of Library and Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Georgia Historical Society as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the researcher.


Separated Material

Artifacts were separated and cataloged with the Georgia Historical Society Artifacts Collection. View digital images of artifacts at the end of this collection inventory or search the Digital Image Catalog for further information.


Publication Note

A transcription of Dixon's Civil War diary and the Republican Blues daybook was published as The Blues in Gray: The Civil War Journal of William Daniel Dixon and the Republican Blues Daybook (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2000), edited by Roger S. Durham.


Sponsorship

Encoding funded by a 2012 Documenting Democracy grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Container List

 

SERIES 1:: Copies of journal, 1861-1865

This series contains photocopies and transcriptions of the two volumes of William Daniel Dixon's journal. There is also an introduction and several chronologies created by the transcriber of the journal (which are not found in the original materials in Series 4). This series is arranged chronologically.

Box

Fldr

11Introduction to Journal by Roger Durham (Transcriber), undated
Volume I, 1861-1862
Transcription

Photocopy
Volume II, 1862-1865

Box

Fldr

13Transcription
4Photocopy, 1862 September 22-1863 July 31
5Photocopy, 1863 August 1-1864 November 6
6Photocopy, 1854 November 7-1865 May 16
7Miscellaneous Chronologies Compiled from the Journal, undated
 

SERIES 2:: Copies of Republican Blues materials, 1860-1906

This series contains photocopies and transcriptions of the Republican Blues daybook as well as other materials such as rosters, resolutions, and certificates. This series is arranged chronologically.
Daybook, 1860-1866

Box

Fldr

18Transcription, 1860-1866
9-10Photocopy, 1860-1866
11Resolutions, 1860
12Rosters, 1861-1862
13Wartime Documents, 1861-1865, undated.
14Postwar Documents, 1874-circa 1890
15Appointment Certificate from State of Georgia, 1879
16Military Records, 1896, 1906
 

SERIES 3:: Copies of materials concerning postwar life of William D. Dixon, 1869-1974

This series contains clippings, deeds, and other documents concerning Dixon's life in Savannah and reflect his occupations and interests after the war. This series is arranged chronologically.

Box

Fldr

217Ferguson and Dixon Undertakers, 1869, undated
18Obituaries and Family Information, 1881-1887, 1914, undated
19Chatham Artillery, Ribbons and Dance Cards, 1886-1896
20Deed, Savannah, Troup Ward, 1892, 1974
21Miscellany, circa 1909-1934
22Mechanics Fire Company, undated
 

SERIES 4:: Original journal, 1861-1865

This series contains the original journal from series 1, in two volumes.

Box

Volume

41Volume 1, 1861-1862
2Volume II, 1862-1865
 

SERIES 5:: Original Republican Blues materials, 1860-1906

This series contains the original materials from series 2.

Box

Volume

43Daybook, (1860-1866)
2Resolutions, 1860

Box

Fldr

323Rosters, 1861-1862
24Wartime Documents, 1861-1865, undated
25Postwar Documents, 1874-circa 1890

Box

Oversize_Folder

43Appointment Certificate from State of Georgia, 1879

Box

Fldr

326Miscellaneous Military Records, 1896, 1906
 

SERIES 6:: Original materials on postwar life of William D. Dixon, 1869-1974

This series contains the original materials from series 3.

Box

Fldr

327Ferguson and Dixon Undertakers, 1869, undated
28Obituaries and Family Information, 1881-1887, 1914, undated
29Chatham Artillery, Ribbons and Dance Cards, 1886-1896
30Deed, Savannah, Troup Ward, 1892, 1974
31Miscellany, circa 1909-1934
32Mechanics Fire Company, undated
 

SERIES 9:: Original images, 1862-1912

This series contains originals of some of the images found in the first two series in addition to other originals. Originals of items found in series 1-2 have been assigned the corresponding item number. New material includes additional images of William Daniel Dixon and Ann Caroline Theus Dixon as well as their son Willie and nephew George W. Drummond.
Online Inventory Contains Digitized Items

vm_folder

1Image 001. Cased tintype. 2nd Lt. William Daniel Dixon, 1862 December

vm_folder

1Image 002. Card photograph. William Daniel Dixon, circa 1870

vm_folder

1Image 002A. Card photograph, slightly different angle. William Daniel Dixon, circa 1870

vm_folder

1Image 004A. Cased ambrotype. Capt. William Daniel Dixon, 1863 May
FRAGILE, not secure in the case.

vm_folder

1Image 004B. Carte-de-visite of ambrotype, some colored details. Capt. William Daniel Dixon, 1863 May View online.

vm_folder

1Image 004C. Card photograph of ambrotype. Capt. William Daniel Dixon, 1863 May, http://georgiahistory.pastperfect-online.com/37659cgi/mweb.exe?request=record;id=B949BD82-2B84-42CA-91F4-348069307870;type=102 View online.

vm_folder

1Image 005. Card photograph. William Daniel Dixon, 1879 January
Lt. of reconstructed Republican Blues (2 copies)

vm_folder

1Image 006. Card photograph. William Daniel Dixon, undated (1887? January)

vm_folder

1Image 007. Carte-de-visite. William Daniel Dixon, undated

vm_folder

1Image 008. Card photograph. Ann Caroline Theus, undated

vm_folder

1Image 011. Card photograph. William Daniel Dixon and Henry M. Hawkins, 1912 September

vm_folder

1Image 012. Carte-de-visite. Mary Ann Dixon Drummond, undated

vm_folder

1Image 013. Photo matted in cardstock. Mary Ann Dixon Drummond, undated
(very small)

vm_folder

1Image 014. Tintype. Mary Ann Foley Dixon, undated
(not cased, loosely taped onto paper mat)

vm_folder

1Image 018. Card photograph, hand-colored jacket. William Daniel Dixon in fire company uniform, undated

vm_folder

1Image 020. Card photograph. Mary Ann Foley Dixon

vm_folder

1Image 021. Carte-de-visite. William Daniel Dixon
family lore dates this to summer 1865.

vm_folder

1Image 022. Card photograph. (Ann) Caroline Theus Dixon

vm_folder

1Image 023. Carte-de-visite. Willie T. Dixon (son of Ann Caroline and William Daniel Dixon)

vm_folder

1Image 024. Carte-de-visite. George W. Drummond (son of William Daniel Dixon's sister Mary Ann Dixon Drummond)

vm_folder

1Image 025. Carte-de-visite. Georgia Pouvar (connection to Dixon family is unknown)

vm_folder

1Image 026. Carte-de-visite. Captain White and daughter Madge (connection to Dixon family is unknown)
 

SERIES 8:: Fire company images, circa 1870s-1880s, 2001

This series contains three images of Dixon's fire company badge and other medals as well as Dixon's fire horn. There is also an undated image of Dixon in his fire company uniform.

vm_oversize_folder

1Image 016. Front view of fire company badge and cross of honor badge, undated

vm_oversize_folder

1Image 017. Back view of fire company badge and cross of honor badge, undated

vm_oversize_folder

1Image 018. William Daniel Dixon in fire company uniform, undated

vm_oversize_folder

1Image 019. Photo of fire horn and Image 018
taken July 2001
SERIES 7: Images of William Daniel Dixon and family, 1862-1912
This series contains color photocopies of a Dixon-Theus family scrapbook.

vm_oversize_folder

1Image 001. 2nd Lt. William Daniel Dixon, 1862 December

vm_oversize_folder

1Image 002. William Daniel Dixon, circa 1870

vm_oversize_folder

1Image 003. William Daniel Dixon, 1862 December
(duplicate of Image 001)

vm_oversize_folder

1Image 004. Capt. William Daniel Dixon, 1863 May

vm_oversize_folder

1Image 005. William Daniel Dixon, 1879 January
Lt. of reconstructed Republican Blues

vm_oversize_folder

1Image 006. William Daniel Dixon, undated (1887? January)

vm_oversize_folder

1Image 007. William Daniel Dixon, undated

vm_oversize_folder

1Image 008. Ann Caroline Theus, undated

vm_oversize_folder

1Image 009. William Daniel Dixon, undated

vm_oversize_folder

1Image 010. William Daniel Dixon, undated

vm_oversize_folder

1Image 011. William Daniel Dixon and Henry M. Hawkins, 1912 September

vm_oversize_folder

1Image 012. Mary Ann Dixon Drummond, undated

vm_oversize_folder

1Image 013. Mary Ann Dixon Drummond, undated

vm_oversize_folder

1Image 014. Mary Ann Foley Dixon, undated

vm_oversize_folder

1Image 015. Grave of Mary Ann Foley Dixon, undated
 
Artifacts
Online Inventory Contains Digitized
A-1620-001 Folding spoon and fork used by William Daniel Dixon during the Civil War View online.
A-1620-002 William Dixon’s firemen’s badge View online.
A-1620-003 Confederate States of America medal View online.
A-1620-004: Silver ceremonial speaking trumpet presented to William D. Dixon, 1870 May 2 View online.
A-1620-005: Two (Parisian) rococo mantel vases originally owned by William Daniel Dixon, 1860s View online.