Inferior Court for People of Color trial docket and Superior Court of Georgia dead docket
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Inferior Court for People of Color trial docket and Superior Court of Georgia dead docket

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Georgia Historical Society
Creator: Georgia. Inferior Court (Chatham County)
Title: Inferior Court for People of Color trial docket and Superior Court of Georgia dead docket
Dates: 1813-1827
Extent: 0.1 cubic feet (1 volume)
Identification: MS 1596

Biographical/Historical Note

In 1789, the General Assembly provided for an inferior court in each county. Consisting of five justices, the inferior court had jurisdiction in judicial matters not entrusted to the superior court. The inferior court also had some administrative authority (e.g., providing for construction of county courthouse and other public buildings, levying taxes, and overseeing maintenance of county roads). The inferior court had a third function – to serve as a "court of ordinary". [In the Roman Empire, the "ordinarius" was the officer who first heard important civil and criminal cases.] The court of ordinary had a variety of functions, including probating wills and estates, determining guardianship of children under 14, and issuing marriage licenses.

--From "A Brief History of Georgia Counties" by Ed Jackson


Scope and Content Note

This collection contains a trial docket from the Inferior Court of Savannah with the minutes of the trials of people of color from June 1813-June 1827. The 23 cases concerning 24 defendants range in nature from burglary to murder. Nineteen of the cases involve slaves, two involve freedmen, and the stuatus of three individuals is unknown.

This volume also contains a dead docket of the Superior Court of Georgia for the years 1816-1821 (located at the back of the volume). The dead docket lists the names of cases by counties.

Inventory of trials: Trial 1: The State v. Carter (slave), June 1813--charged with murder. Trial 2: The State v. Jim (slave), a slave, 18 June 1813--charged with robbery. Trial 3: The State v. Elijah (slave), 18 June 1813--charged with robbery. Trial 4: The State v. Dick, 28 June 1814--charged with stealing. Trial 5: The State v. Turner Smith (slave), 16 December 1814--charged with stabbing. Trial 6: The State v. Sampson Whitfield (slave) and John Baxton (freedmen), 23 June 1817--charged with burglary and stealing. Trial 7: The State v. William Ford, 1 February 1818--charged with inticing and inveigling a slave. Trail 8: The State v. Julia (slave), 7 September 1818--charged with stealing. Trial 9: The State v. Adam (slave), 14 July 1819--charged with murder. Trial 10: The State v. Benjamin Lee (freedmen), 1 October 1819--charged with murder. Trial 11: The State v. George Flyming (slave), 5 June 1820--charged with assault and intent to commit a rape. Trial 12: The State v. Titus (slave), 23 August 1820--charged with murder. Trial 13: The State v. Reubin Williams, 23 December 1820--charged with burglary. Trial 14: The State v. Susan (slave), 26 January 1821--charged with setting fire to a certain house in the City of Savannah. Trial 15: The State v. Thomas (slave), 19 March 1821--charged with burglary. Trial 16: The State v. Hardtimes (slave), 19 March 1821---charged with burglary. Trial 17: The State v. Dick (slave), 13 September 1822--charged with attempting to poison Robert Flournoy. Trial 18: The State v. Robin Shadrack (slave), 13 September 1822--charged with attempting to excite an insurrection and attempting to poison Robert Flournoy. Trial 19: The State v. Molly (slave), 25 February 1824--charged with arson. Trial 20: The State v. Ben (slave), 27 February 1824. Trial 21: The State v. Harry (slave), 13 October 1825--charged with burglary. Trial 22: The State v. Harry (slave), 2 April 1827--charged with murder. Trial 23: The State v. Prince (slave), 11 June 1827--charged with murder.


Index Terms

African Americans--Georgia--Savannah.
Dockets.
Georgia. Superior Court (Chatham County)
Slaves--Georgia.
Trial transcripts.
Trials (Arson)--Georgia--Savannah.
Trials (Murder)--Georgia--Savannah.
Trials (Robbery)--Georgia--Savannah.
Trials(Burglary)--Georgia--Savannah.
Trials--Georgia--Savannah.

Administrative Information

Custodial History

Unknown.

Preferred Citation

[item identification], Inferior Court for People of Color trial docket and Superior Court of Georgia dead docket, MS 1596, Georgia Historical Society, Savannah, Georgia.

Acquisition Information

Unknown.


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to the Georgia Historical Society. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Division of Library and Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Georgia Historical Society as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the researcher.


Sponsorship

Encoding funded by a 2012 Documenting Democracy grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Container List

 

Volume

1Inferior Court for People of Color trial docket and Superior Court of Georgia dead docket
Trial 1: The State v. Carter (slave) -- charged with murder, June 1813 Trial 2: The State v. Jim (slave) - charged with robbery, 1813 June 18 Trial 3: The State v. Elijah (slave) - charged with robbery, 1813 June 18 Trial 4: The State v. Dick - charged with stealing, 1814 June 28 Trial 5: The State v. Turner Smith (slave) - charged with stabbing, 1814 December 16 Trial 6: The State v. Sampson Whitfield (slave) and John Baxton (freedmen), 1817 June 23 Trial 7: The State v. William Ford - charged with enticing a slave, 1818 February 1
Trial 8: The State v. Julia (slave) - charged with stealing, 1818 September 7 Trial 9: The State v. Adam (slave) - charged with murder, 1819 July 14 Trial 10: The State v. Benjamin Lee (freedmen) - charged with murder, 1819 October 1 Trial 11: The State v. George Flyming (slave) - charged with assault and intent to commit a rape, 1920 June 5 Trial 12: The State v. Titus (slave) - charged with murder, 1820 August 23 Trial 13: The State v. Reubin Williams - charged with burglary Trial 14: The State v. Susan (slave) - charged with setting fire to a certain house in the City of Savannah, 1821 January 26 Trial 15: The State v. Thomas (slave) - charged with burglary, 1821 March 19 Trial 16: The State v. Hardtimes (slave) - charged with burglary, 1821 March 19 Trial 17: The State v. Dick (slave) - charged with attempting to poison Robert Flournoy, 1822 September13 Trial 18: The State v. Robin Thadrack (slave) - charged with attempting to excite an insurrection and attempting to poison Robert Flournoy, 1821 September 13 Trial 19: The State v. Molly (slave) - charged with arson, 1824 February 25 Trial 20: The State v. Ben (slave), 1824 February 27 Trial 21: The State v. Harry (slave) - charged with burglary, 1825 October 13 Trial 22: The State v. Harry (slave) - charged with murder, 1827 April 2 Trial 23: The State v. Prince (slave) - charged with murder, 1827 June 11