Barnsley family papers
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Barnsley family papers

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Georgia Historical Society
Creator: Georgia Historical Society.
Title: Barnsley family papers
Dates: 1829-1889
Extent: 0.65 cubic feet (5 folders)
Identification: MS 1451

Biographical/Historical Note

Godfrey Barnsley (1805-circa 1873), a cotton factor and businessman, was born in England on August 26. Barnsley immigrated to Savannah in 1824. His first business partnership in Savannah, with cotton factor Samuel Wright, was formed in 1826. Barnsley dissolved that partnership when he married Julia Henrietta Scarbrough in December, 1828. Julia Scarbrough was the daughter of William Scarbrough, one of the backers of the SS Savannah, the first steamship to cross the Atlantic Ocean.

Barnsley's cotton brokerage business flourished and he opened offices in New Orleans and Mobile. Barnsley also owned several ships for transporting cotton to Europe. In the late 1830s Barnsley bought land in what is now Bartow County, in northwest Georgia. On this land he built the home he called Woodlands, but what is better known as Barnsley Gardens.

The Barnsleys had 6 children live to adulthood: Anna Goodwin Barnsley Gilmour (1829-?), Harold Barnsley (1832-1862), Adelaide Barnsley Reid (1834-1858), Julia Bernard Barnsley Baltzelle von Schwartz (1836-?), George Scarborough Barnsley (1837-?), and Lucian Barnsley (1840-?). Julia Scarbrough Barnsley died in 1845 and Godfrey Barnsley died in 1873 or 1874.

After the Civil War, George S. and Lucian Barnsley immigrated to Sao Paulo, Brazil. Both men married women whose families had moved to Brazil following the Civil War. Although George S. Barnsley came back briefly to Woodlands in 1889-1890, he ultimately returned to Brazil.

Scope and Content Note

This collection consists primarily of biographical and genealogical information, although the George S. Barnsley scrapbook also contains financial information, inspirational writings, and news clippings concerning Confederate colonists in Brazil. The folders are arranged chronologically, followed by undated materials arranged alphabetically by folder title. The collection also contains images of the Barnsley family, including a miniature of Godfrey and Julia Barnsley, carte-de-visites, tintypes, and photographs of their children, in-laws, and grandchildren. Many of these images were collected by George S. Barnsley and the photo album was compiled by him. The photograph album contains 24 photographs, many of them from Brazil. The last photograph in the album is the only unidentified image. Most of the photographs are identified on the page below the image. Two photographs are missing from the album: a group photo of Walter Cassels, Dr. George S. Barnsley, Murray B. Gilmour, and Herbert Cassels; and a photograph of William Scarborough, Sr.

The box containing visual materials is noted as "VM" in the collection inventory.

Index Terms

American Confederate voluntary exiles--Brazil.
Baltzelle family.
Barnsley family.
Financial records.
Genealogies (histories)
Gilmore family.
Photograph albums.
Savannah (Ship)
Scarborough family.
Tintypes (prints)

Administrative Information

Custodial History

Some materials acquired from family members.

Preferred Citation

[item identification], Barnsley family papers, MS 1451, Georgia Historical Society, Savannah, Georgia.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Dorothy Holland, Grand Brooks, 1989; Harold D. Barnsley Holland, 1989; Dorothy Holland, 1990; estate of John Lawrence Tweedie, 1990; Raymond E. Davis, Jr., 1995.


Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to the Georgia Historical Society. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Division of Library and Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Georgia Historical Society as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the researcher.

Separated Material

Artifacts were separated and cataloged with the Georgia Historical Society Artifacts Collection. View digital images of artifacts at the end of this collection inventory or search the Digital Image Catalog for further information.


Encoding funded by a 2012 Documenting Democracy grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Container List



1Scrapbook, George S. Barnsley, 1829-1889


2Scarbrough family and steamship Savannah, 1885 February 5


3Barnsley family history by Col. I.W. Avery, undated


4Miscellaneous inventory page (photocopy), undated


5Savannah Insurance and Trust Company Policy (fragment), undated



11Miniature, Godfrey Barnsley



12Godfrey Barnsley, circa 1869-1870



13Miniature, Julia Henrietta Scarbrough Barnsley View online.
Online Inventory Contains Digitized Items



14Anna Goodwin Barnsley Gilmour; Julia Barnsley Baltzelle von Schwartz; George S. Barnsley tintype; tintype identified as Brigadier General James P. Baltzelle (first husband of Julia Bernard Barnsley, he died in 1868) View online.
Online Inventory Contains Digitized Items



15Mary Lamira Emerson Barnsley (wife of George Scarborough Barnsley); Julia Barnsley von Kutzleben; William Scarbrough (2 prints of engraving found in National Cyclopedia of American Biography)



16Photograph album View online.
Online Inventory Contains Digitized Items
A-1451-001 Silver spoon from the set owned by Godfrey and Julia Barnsley View online.
A-1451-002 Silver fork from the set owned by Godfrey and Julia Barnsley View online.
A-1451-003 Silver fork from the set owned by Godfrey and Julia Barnsley View online.
A-1451-004 Silver spoon from the set owned by Godfrey and Julia Barnsley View online.