Historic American Engineering Record collection on the Central of Georgia Railroad, Savannah Shop and Terminal facilities
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Historic American Engineering Record collection on the Central of Georgia Railroad, Savannah Shop and Terminal facilities

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Georgia Historical Society
Creator: Historic American Engineering Record.
Title: Historic American Engineering Record collection on the Central of Georgia Railroad, Savannah Shop and Terminal facilities
Dates: 1975-1976
Extent: 0.5 cubic feet (26 folders)
Identification: MS 1359

Biographical/Historical Note

The Central of Georgia Railroad played a vital role in Georgia's economy, and the complex of buildings constructed for the railroad in Savannah, both before and after the Civil War, is unique. The site was, and (as of 1987) still is subject to development interests, not only because of the railroad structures themselves, but because the complex is located on the site of Savannah's 1779 Revolutionary War Siege.

During the summer of 1975, the Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) of the Department of Interior's National Park Service, conducted an on-site recording project of the Central's Savannah Shop and Terminal Facilities (an area bounded by West Broad, Jones, West Boundary, and Hull Streets). The resulting photos, measured drawings, and accompanying historical data led to the designation of the train-shed and depot as National Historic Landmarks in 1976, and for the shops complex in 1978. Now the State Museum of Railroad History, the roundhouse and complex are owned by the City of Savannah and has been operated since 1989 by the Coastal Heritage Society.


Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of the historical data, forms, research, photographs, and drawings included in the Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) survey of the Central of Georgia Railroad's Savannah Shop and Terminal facilities. The collection contains three series: Central of Georgia Shops Complex, which includes 146 pages of historical data, and the Historic Landmark nomination forms; Central of Georgia passenger station and train shed, administration buildings, viaducts, gates, etc.; and photographs. One set of contact prints, as well as photocopies of each print, are included in the collection. The photographs were taken by HAER photographer jack Boucher, and the courtesy of a credit line is requested for any duplication.


Index Terms

Central of Georgia Railway.
Drawings (visual works)
Historic American Engineering Record.
Photographs.
Railroads--Georgia.
Research (document genres)
Roundhouses (Railroads)
Surveys (documents)

Administrative Information

Custodial History

Material was acquired from the principal architect of the creating organization.

Preferred Citation

[item identification], Historic American Engineering Record collection on the Central of Georgia Railroad, Savannah Shop and Terminal facilities, MS 1359, Georgia Historical Society, Savannah, Georgia.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Eric DeLony, 1984.


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to the Georgia Historical Society. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Division of Library and Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Georgia Historical Society as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the researcher.


Sponsorship

Encoding funded by a 2012 Documenting Democracy grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Container List

 

SERIES 1:: Central of Georgia Repair Shops, HAER No. GA-1 series

This series contains 146 pages of narrative, 17 sheets of drawings, and 114 photographic views.

Fldr

1"Architectural History," by Beth Lattimore. HAER No. GA-1, 1.0 items. , p. 4-35.
Historical overview of the Central of Georgia facilities, with detailed footnotes and bibliography.

Fldr

2"The Central of Georgia Shop Complex," by John Bartley Schmitt. HAER No. GA-I series, 1.0 items. , p. 36-87.
Includes: history of the technology; changes in structure and design; descriptions of the early depots; effects of Civil War on the Central; descriptions of locomotive maintenance equipment; electrification of the shop facilities; shop facilities in the 1920's; conclusion; detailed footnotes and bibliography; maintenance and rolling stock statistics; lists of locomotives built in Savannah shop, etc.

Fldr

3"Report to the Historic American Engineering Record on the Construction of the Central of Georgia with a Description and Analysis of the Extant Buildings at the Savannah Terminus," by Donald Andrew Grinde. HAER No. GA-I series, 1.0 items. , p. 88-108.
Includes: history of the building of the railroad in the 1830s-40s; descriptions of the chimney, tank and privies, roundhouse, Red and Gray Buildings, brick archways, and train shed and depot; footnotes and bibliography.

Fldr

4"William M. Wadley and the Development of the Central of Georgia," by Donald Andrew Grinde. HAER No. GA-1 series, 1.0 items. , p. 109-121.
Details Wadley's career and his influence on the growth and development of the Central during his 40-odd years with the system.

Fldr

5"Appendix I: National Historic Landmark Nomination Form for the Central of Georgia Railroad: Passenger Station and Train shed," by Dennis M. Zembala. HAER No. GA-I series, 1.0 items. , p. 122-134.

Fldr

6"Appendix II: National Historic Landmark Nomination Form for the Central of Georgia Railroad: Savannah Shops and Terminal Facilities," by Eric N. DeLony. HAER No. GA-1 series, 1.0 items. , p. 135-146.

Fldr

7Measured drawings of the Central of Georgia shops. 17 drawings of the repair shops, showing plans, elevations and sections, GA-1 series, 1.0 items.

Fldr

8Index to the photographs in the GA-1 series (on p. 1-7), followed by 114 photocopies of the photographs (GA-1-1-114), 1.0 items.
 

SERIES 2:: Central of Georgia passenger station and train shed, administration buildings, viaducts, gates, etc.

Fldr

9Central of Georgia Passenger Station and Train shed. HAER No. GA-2 series, 1.0 items.
Includes: 5 sheets of measured drawings, showing plans, elevations and sections; photographic views, and an index to the photos on p. 2-3.

Fldr

10Central of Georgia 1853 Brick Arch Viaduct (spanning W. Boundary Street and the Savannah - Ogeechee Canal). HAER No. GA-3 series, 1.0 items.
Includes one drawing and ten photographic views, with index.

Fldr

11Central of Georgia 1860 Brick Arch Viaduct (spanning W. Boundary Street, and the Savannah - Ogeechee Canal). HAER No. GA-4 series, 1.0 items.
Includes one drawing and 9 photographic views, with index.

Fldr

12Central of Georgia Cotton Yard Gates. HAER No. GA-51 series, 1.0 items.
Includes 8 photographic views, with index.

Fldr

13Central of Georgia Red (Administration) Building (233 W. Broad St.). HAER No. GA-52 series, 1.0 items.
Includes 7 photographic views, with index.

Fldr

14Central of Georgia Down (Produce) Freight Warehouse, attached to rear of Red Building. HAER No. GA-52A series, 1.0 items.
Includes 9 photographic views, with index.

Fldr

15Central of Georgia Gray Building (227 W. Broad St). HAER No. GA-53, 1.0 items.
Includes 14 photographic views, with index.

Fldr

16Central of Georgia Railroad Up Freight Warehouse, attached to rear of Gray Building. HAER No. GA-53A series, 1.0 items.
Includes 14 photographic views, with index.
 

SERIES 3:: Photographs

Fldr

17Photographs of the Shops and Terminal Facilities, GA-1 series, #1-60
60 photographs in 15 sleeves.

Fldr

18Photographs of the Shops and Terminal Facilities, GA-1 series, #61-114
54 photographs in 14 sleeves.

Fldr

19Photographs of the passenger station and Train shed, GA-2 series, #1-40
40 photographs in 10 sleeves.

Fldr

20Photographs of the 1853 Brick Arch Viaduct, GA-3 series, #1-10
10 photos in 3 sleeves.

Fldr

21Photographs of the 1860 Brick Arch Viaduct, GA-4 series, #1-9
9 photos in 3 sleeves.

Fldr

22Photographs of Cotton Yard Gates, GA-51 series, #1-8
8 photos in 2 sleeves.

Fldr

23Photographs of Red Building, GA-52 , #1-7
7 photos in 2 sleeves.

Fldr

24Photographs of the Down Freight Warehouse, GA-52A series, #1-9
9 photos in 3 sleeves.

Fldr

25Photographs of Gray Building, GA-53 series, #1-14
14 photos in 4 sleeves.

Fldr

26Photos of Up Warehouse, GA 53A, #1-14
14 photos in 4 sleeves.