Manigault family plantation records
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Manigault family plantation records

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Georgia Historical Society
Creator: Lane, Mills.
Title: Manigault family plantation records
Dates: 1845-1876
Extent: 0.5 cubic feet (1 box)
Identification: MS 1290

Biographical/Historical Note

Gowrie Plantation and East Hermitage Plantation were adjoining estates on Argyle Island on the Savannah River (Chatham County, Georgia). They were originally purchased from the McAlpin family in 1833 and 1849, respectively, by Charles Izard Manigault (1795-1874). The two estates were later owned by Charles' son, Louis Manigault, Esq. (1828-1899) of Charleston, South Carolina, who operated them as one plantation. Once one of the largest rice plantations in the South, Gowrie and East Hermitage stopped thriving in 1877.

Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of a typed transcription of plantation records from the Gowrie and East Hermitage Plantations, contained in one ledger. It is divided into eighteen sections: Gowrie and East Hermitage Plantations, May 1861-May 1862, May 1863-December 1864, which provide information on the local situation during the Civil War, as well as the conduct of slaves as war drew closer to the plantations; records for May 1862-May 1863, containing the annual report of plantation events of the year, including events of the war; rice lands planted on the Savannah and Ogeechee Rivers, 1860; the recount of Charles Manigault and his family's first visit to Gowrie and East Hermitage Plantations after the end of the war on March 22, 1867; Season of 1876, describing the disastrous result of the crop that year; plantation jottings, 1845, with various information relating to the running of a plantation and care of slaves; planting tables, 1850-1861 and 1876; and a list of slaves at Gowrie and Hermitage Plantations, April 1855-April 1856, April 1858-April 1861 (sections 9-18). Included are correspondence and business records. Also in the collection are four articles by James Clifton that concentrate on Charles Manigault's papers concerning rice cultivation in the South.

Index Terms

Argyle Island (Ga.)
Georgia--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
Lane, Mills.
Ledgers (account books)
Manigault, Charles Izard, 1795-1874.
Manigault, Louis, 1828-1899.
Plantation life--Georgia--Savannah.
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.

Location of Originals


Administrative Information

Custodial History


Preferred Citation

[item identification], Manigault family plantation records, MS 1290, Georgia Historical Society, Savannah, Georgia.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Mills Lane IV, 1978, 1979.


Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to the Georgia Historical Society. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Division of Library and Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Georgia Historical Society as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the researcher.

Publication Note

Many of the papers were published in Life and Labor on Argyle Island: Letters from a Savannah River Plantation, ed. by James M. Clifton (Savannah, Ga.: Beehive Press, 1978).


Encoding funded by a 2012 Documenting Democracy grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Container List



1Articles by J.M. Clifton, 1970-1973


2N. Heyward's directions of planting, 1821


3Correspondence and family papers, 1821 View online.
Online Inventory Contains Digitized Items


4Correspondence and family papers, 1840-1849 View online.
Online Inventory Contains Digitized Items


5Correspondence and family papers, 1850-1859 View online.
Online Inventory Contains Digitized Items


6Correspondence and family papers, 1860-1869


7Correspondence and family papers, 1870-1875


8Correspondence and family papers, 1876


9Correspondence and family papers, 1877-1879


10Correspondence and family papers, 1880-1885


11Autobiography of Gabriel Manigault, undated