Whitemarsh Island and Savannah (Ga.) meteorological records
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Whitemarsh Island and Savannah (Ga.) meteorological records

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Georgia Historical Society
Creator: Smithsonian Institution. Meteorological Project.
Title: Whitemarsh Island and Savannah (Ga.) meteorological records
Dates: 1849-1861
Extent: 1.0 cubic feet (2 boxes)
Identification: MS 1289

Biographical/Historical Note

In 1848, Joseph Henry, the first Secretary of the Smithsonian Institute, outlined a plan to obtain weather reports from a countrywide network of voluntary observers. For the next twenty years, weather reports were sent to the Smithsonian from various regions of the United States, including Savannah and Whitemarsh Island, Georgia. In 1869, Congress established the Weather Bureau of the United States Signal Service, and the Smithsonian ceased its practice of collecting reports. The institution gave all of its existing weather records and reports to the new bureau.

Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of photocopies of meteorological observations of Savannah, Georgia, and Whitemarsh Island, Georgia, both in Chatham County, 1849-1861. Both records were created by voluntary observers for the Smithsonian Institution.

Index Terms

Records (documents)
Savannah (Ga.)
Smithsonian Institution. Meteorological Project.
Whitemarsh Island (Ga. : Island)

Location of Originals

Original records in the National Archives, Washington, D.C.

Administrative Information

Custodial History


Preferred Citation

[item identification], Whitemarsh Island and Savannah (Ga.) meteorological records, MS 1289, Georgia Historical Society, Savannah, Georgia.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Mrs. Malcolm Bell, date unknown.


Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to the Georgia Historical Society. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Division of Library and Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Georgia Historical Society as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the researcher.


Encoding funded by a 2012 Documenting Democracy grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Container List



1"Meteorological Reports of Voluntary Observers for the Smithsonian Institution, 1849-1860, Whitemarsh Island, Georgia", 1849 May 1-1861 April
Positive photocopies.


2Meteorological reports for Savannah, 1851-1861
Negative photocopies. Title page missing.