Antonio J. Waring papers
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Antonio J. Waring papers

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Georgia Historical Society
Creator: Waring, Antonio J.
Title: Antonio J. Waring papers
Dates: 1783-1961
Extent: 2.0 cubic feet (4 boxes)
Identification: MS 1287

Biographical/Historical Note

Antonio Johnston Waring, Jr. (1915-1964) was a pediatrician; his avocation was Native American archaeology. Waring received his B.A. in 1938 and his M.D. in 1942, both from Yale University. He returned to Savannah, Georgia in 1947 and practiced medicine until 1962 when he retired to pursue his interests in archaeology.

Scope and Content Note

This collection contains correspondence, notes, and manuscripts all relating to Antonio J. Waring, Jr.'s work in archaeology. The papers contain most of the research Waring collected and partial manuscripts for his book on Native American life. Most of this collection is photocopies of items in the Keith Read Collection held at the University of Georgia. Also included in this collection are documents relating to the ownership and registration of the Wanderer.

Index Terms

Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848.
Biographies (documents)
Blue Eagle, Acee, 1907-1959.
Creek Indians.
Hawkins, Benjamin, 1754-1816.
Indians of North America--Government relations.
Indians of North America.
Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier, marquis de, 1757-1834.
Letters (correspondence)
Maps (documents)
McIntosh, William, approximately 1775-1825.
Registrations (licenses)
Research notes.
Slave trade--United States--History.
Tattnall, Josiah, 1795-1871.
Wanderer (Schooner)
Waring, Antonio J.

Location of Originals

Some original materials in the Keith Read and Telamon Cuyler collections held at the University of Georgia.

Administrative Information

Custodial History


Preferred Citation

[item identification], Antonio J. Waring papers, MS 1287, Georgia Historical Society, Savannah, Georgia.

Acquisition Information



Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to the Georgia Historical Society. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Division of Library and Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Georgia Historical Society as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the researcher.

Publication Note

Some materials used in publications Laws of the Creek Nation, edited by Antonio J. Waring and The Waring papers; the collected works of Antonio J. Waring, Jr. edited by Stephen Williams.


Encoding funded by a 2012 Documenting Democracy grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Container List




11Correspondence, 1955-1958
James C. Bonner of Georgia State College for Women, Milledgeville, Georgia. Concerning Chief William McIntosh, General John McIntosh, Captain William McIntosh, David B. Mitchell, Jane McIntosh, and Chilly McIntosh.
2Correspondence, 1956-1960
John w. Bonner, Jr. with Special Collections of the University of Georgia Libraries. Concerning Chief William McIntosh, General John McIntosh, Captain William McIntosh, David B. Mitchell, Jane McIntosh, Chilly McIntosh, John Clark, Benjamin Hawkins, Andrew Jackson, the Keith Read Manuscript Collection, the Creek Laws, and George M. Troup.
3Correspondence, 1955 September-December
Peter A. Brannon with the State of Alabama Department of Archives and History, Montgomery, Alabama. Concerning Chief William McIntosh, General John McIntosh, Captain William McIntosh, David B. Mitchell, Jane McIntosh, Chilly McIntosh, Fort Mitchell, Colonel John Crowell, John C. Calhoun, McIntosh Bluff, and the "Pole Cat Springs Talks."
4Correspondence, 1958-1960
Harriet Corbin, great granddaughter of Chief William McIntosh; El Segundo, California. Concerning Chief William McIntosh, General John McIntosh, Captain William McIntosh, David B. Mitchell, Jane McIntosh, Chilly McIntosh, McIntosh genealogy, Samuel and Benjamin Hawkins, and Reverend William Capers. Also included is a photograph of a portrait of Chilly McIntosh.
5Correspondence, 1957-1959
Mrs. Mary G. Jewett of the Georgia Historical Commission, Atlanta, Georgia. Concerning Chief William McIntosh, Francis Flournoy, Colonel John Crowell, John Quincy Adams, Benjamin and Samuel Hawkins, and Reverend William Capers.
6Miscellaneous correspondence, 1955-1959
Savannah, Georgia.
7Correspondence and papers concerning Acee Blue Eagle, Muskogee, Oklahoma, 1955-1956
8Notes on John Quincy Adams. Notes on Adams' policies towards Indians, especially Chief William McIntosh and the Creek, while he was president
Also an excerpt from his memoirs for April 5, 1818, concerning Colonel James Forbes and conditions in Florida.
9"The Case of the Africans", 1817-1820
Papers relate to an incident in which blacks were brought into Alabama Indian territory to be sold as slaves. Included is a transcript of a letter from General David B. Mitchell to the "Executive of Georgia" concerning the "Africans" and a treaty with Chief William McIntosh and the Creek; Captain G. W. Melvin's report on the "Africans;" and Robert Grierson's letter to General D. B. Mitchell about the incident.
10Archaeology, 1938-1961
Notes and 3 articles by Peter A. Brannon; unsigned letter to John Huston; article "The Mandeville Site in Southwest Georgia" by James H. Keller.
11Notes on Armbrister and Arbuthnot, two British subjects accused of inciting the Creek to war. In 1818, Andrew Jackson ordered these men hanged for their alleged crimes
12Background materials concerning the Scots, McIntosh clans, Hawkins family, and Creek Agency
13Bibliography for sources used in book on William McIntosh
14Extract from the journal of Reverend William Capers concerning his missions among the Creek
Photocopy. Published in The Methodist magazine.
15Articles, clippings, and notes on the cession of lands and the death of William McIntosh
16Photocopy of "Chekill, Creek Migration Legend." Portion of the legend and typed transcript
17Colonial information, notes on Mary Musgrove, Oglethorpe, Patrick Mackay, and colonial Georgia and Florida
18Copies (2) of "Reminiscences of Captain Roderick McIntosh, contained in a letter by John Couper, Esq. at the age of twenty-three and addressed to a gentleman of Georgia." April 16, 1842 with notes on the pages
19Biography of Chilly McIntosh and the Creek laws written by Chilly
20Notes on Creek War of 1812-1815
21Biography of John Crowell as well as a National Archives search for Crowell. Letter from Crowell to Secretary of War, 1823 August 21
22Photograph of Fort Hill, Alabama
23Fort Mitchell, Alabama
Papers include a list of incidents connected with life at Fort Mitchell; an article on "Bird Life on the Reservation" by Peter Brannon, and a map of the section of Russell County, Alabama in which Fort Mitchell was located. All are photocopies.
24Fort Okfuski, Alabama
A pamphlet titled "Fort Ofkuski, A British Post of the Tallapoosa River, Together With Some Subsequest History of the Site," by Peter A. Brannon.
25Correspondence between Benjamin Hawkins and Big Warrior, 1813
Concerning Indian affairs. Photocopies.
26Historical papers, 1827-1887
Partial memorandum written by J. W. Croker of British Admiralty Office, London, England, July 11, 1827; deed from William B. Dasher to Jonathan Wilkins for 15 acres, August 17, 1855; receipt for $3.75 from William B. Dasher to Jonathan Wilkins.
27Indians - Miscellaneous
Andrew Jackson to General William McIntosh [Chief]. Nashville, Tenn., July 8, 1818. 4 p. negative photocopy. concerning an army attack on the Chehaw village. Also included are notes from a biography of Andrew Jackson. David B. Mitchell to Major Daniel Hughes. September 23, 1819. 4 p. negative photocopy. Concerning sale of a factory on the reservation. Jonathan Kirk to General McIntosh. Mineral Springs, December 6, 1820. 1 p. Negative photocopy. Concerning his trip through the reservation. William McIntosh to General John McIntosh. McIntosh County, October 15, 1821. 3 p. Negative photocopy. Personal news. Opothle Yoholo, et. al. (the Creek deputation) to the Secretary of War. Washington, D . C . , April 6, 1826. 2 p. Extract of a probable. Concerning a conference with the President. Mentioned are Chiefs Ridge and Vann of the Cherokee Nation. Receipt for money from Indian Agent David B. Mitchell by the Creek Indians. Fort Mitchell, Alabama, December 10, 1817. Signed by Big Warrior, Little Prince, and William McIntosh. Negative photocopy. Chilly McIntosh to Col. Thomas S. McKenney. January 25, 1826. 1 p. Negative photocopy. The Indians were declining to sign a treaty. Receipt from D.B. Mitchell to William McIntosh for his salary. Creek Nation. June 20, 1822. 1 p. Negative photocopy. Robert Glenn to Col. John Crowell, Milledgeville,Georgia, February 1, 1826. 2 p. ALS. Negative photocopy. Thomas S. McKenney to Opothle Yoholo, et. al. 2 p. Negative photocopy. Concerning education for the Indians. Daniel Hughes to D.B, Mitchell. Fort Mitchell, Alabama, March 23, 1818. 1 p. Also included is a note from Daniel Hughes to D.B. Mitchell and a letter from General William McIntosh to Hughes March 16, 1818, concerning search for someone, probably a renegade leader. Jonathan D. Lemill to the Creek Nation. Treaty ground. November 8, 1826. 2 p. Negative photocopy. Concerning Creek dissatisfaction over a treaty. John Page to C.C. Clay. Fort Mitchell, Alabama, March 4, 1827. 2 p. copy. Concerning removing the Indians to Arkansas. Attached is a list of chiefs who signed a protest dated at Coweta, Creek Nation, January 25, 1825 against Big Warrior and his property.



228Marquis de Lafayette, 1824 & 1825
These papers consist of notes, letters, and an article on General Lafayette's visit to Savannah. The article was taken from John Stevens' Diary, March 19, 1825.
29Alexander McGillivray to Col. Benjamin Hawkins. Little Tallassie, 1786 July 30
Typed copy of letter. Concerning a meeting between the Chiefs of the Creek Nation and the Commissioners of Congress to talk peace.
30Antonio J. Waring to Lady Mackintosh of Mackintosh, 1956 & 1959
Concerning the genealogy of the Mackintosh/McIntosh family. See MS 952 for her reply.
31Chief William McIntosh's correspondence with the Creek Nation, Col. Brown, and Alexander Cameron, 1777-1783
Concerning Indian affairs.
32Maps of Georgia and Alabama, 1944, 1956 and undated
33Notes on missionaries and schools that were involved with the Creek Indians
Also included is the correspondence between Dr. Waring and Albert D. Betts on the subject.
34William and David B. Mitchell
These papers consist of correspondence between Dr. Waring and Thomas H. Rentz, Sr. about the men, notes, 2 negative photocopies of 2 letters from John C. Calhoun to D.B. Mitchell, and copies from a book on the Creek Indians. Taken from D.B, Mitchell. An Exposition of the Case of the Africans, taken to the Creek Agency, by Captain William Bowen, on or about the lst Dec'r, 1 817, Milledgeville, 1822. Contains Excerpts & Appendix: Report of the Select Committee of Congress December 10, 1820.
35Miscellaneous unidentified photographs and negatives
Included here is a photo from a magazine of Vice-Admiral Lachlan Mackintosh of Mackintosh.
36The Florida Historical Quarterly, Tallahassee: Florida Historical Society, October 1937 (volume 16, number 2). Of special interest is the article on the "Events at Prospect Bluff on the Apalachicola River, 1808­1818," by Mark F. Boyd
37Scottish settlers in Georgia. Miscellaneous notes ( 60.0 p. )
38Seminole War. Notes ( 3.0 p. )
39George Stinson - notes and correspondence
These papers consist of negative photocopies for 8 p, of court records for 1824; and two letters to J.C. Turner from Antonio Waring (1958).
40Biographical sketch of Commodore Josiah Tattnall
41Creek Treaty of 1825 ( 33.0 p. )
notes and a negative photocopy of the treaty
42Troup to President, J.Q. Adams, 1824-1825
These papers consist of a list of correspondence re relations between whites and Indians and notes.
43Miscellaneous Manuscripts - two untitled articles, one regarding Roderick McIntosh, the other regarding the McIntosh family; plus Mr. Waring's "Bones of Distinction," concerning the remains of Samuel Elbert
44Miscellaneous notes on poetry ( 21.0 p. )
45-46Miscellaneous notes, primarily on Chief William McIntosh



347-48Note cards arranged alphabetically, A-K and L-Z respectively, according to subject. Primarily relating to Chief McIntosh
49Note cards arranged alphabetically, A-K and L-Z respectively, according to subject. Primarily relating to Chief McIntosh
Also included in this box are 4 notebooks, 1823-1826, also about Chief William McIntosh.


4Oversize Material

Photocopies of documents in the Telamon Cuyler collection in the University of Georgia Library and in the National Archives. James Seagrove to Henry White. St. Marys, Georgia, January 12, 1807. 2p. negative photocopy. concerning the crimes of Robert Ross, and requesting Governor White to return him to Georgia from St. Augustine, Florida. William McIntosh to George M. Troup. Creek Nation. April 25, 1825. 1p. positive photocopy. Reaffirming that the Creek Nation had given the state of Georgia permission to resurvey the Georgia-Alabama border at any time. Jane Hawkins to Colonel Duncan G. Campbell and Major James Meriwether. Fayette County, Georgia, May 3, 1825. 3p. negative photocopy. Concerning the murders of General McIntosh, Colonel Samuel Hawkins (her husband) and Thomas Tustunugee by Indians, and also a request for aid for herself and her child. A copy of this letter was sent by Francis Flournoy to Governor Troup along with his request for aid for Mrs. Hawkins. (The letter, minus Flournoy's note, is printed in Historical Collections of Georgia by George White. New York: Pudney and Russell, 1854. pgs 296-297). Peggy and Susannah McIntosh to Colonel Duncan G. Campbell and Major James Meriwether, Fayette County, Georgia. May 3, 1825, negative photocopy. Concerning murders of McIntosh, Tustunugee, and Hawkins. (This also is published in White's Historical Collections of Georgia, pp. 295-296)
William McIntosh's commission as a Major in the Creek Regiment, issued by Benjamin Hawkins. The Creek Agency. November 25, 1814. 1p. negative photocopy. Andrew Jackson's certification that Major William McIntosh was entitled to compensation for his military service. 1p. DS, negative photocopy. Payroll of sums paid to Major William McIntosh commanding Muscogee Battalion of Indians. 1815-1816. lp. negative photocopy. Roll of Creek warriors under Major William McIntosh's command. Washington D.C. December 10, 1816. lp. negative photocopy. Certification for payment to Major McIntosh and his men for their military service. Washington D.C. December 19, 1816. 1p. negative photocopy. Anthony Porter to David B. Mitchell. Savannah, Georgia, March 7, 1817 and March 8, 1817. 2p. negative photocopies. Notifying Mitchell of the death of Savannah's Health Officer and recommending William R. Waring for the position. The first letter is missing its second page which would have had Dr. Waring's name on it; however, his name is mentioned in the second letter. Certificate of Brigadier General William McIntosh's military service and payment for said service in the Seminole War, 1817-1818. Washington, D.C. February 24, 1818-May 9, 1818. Lists of possessions stolen from the McIntosh family by hostile Indians on the night of the murder of General McIntosh, with covering letter by Chilly McIntosh. Flint River, Sept. 2, 1825, 2p. positive photocopy
"Enrolment" of the schooner, "Wanderer". New York, New York August 4, 1857. 1p. "Enrolment" of the schooner "Koloa". New York, New York August 5, 1857, 1p. Registration of the "Wanderer" as belonging to John D. Johnson, New York, New York January 13, 1858. 1p. Registration of the "Wanderer" as belonging to William C. Corrie, New York, New York, June 7, 1858. lp. Registration of the "Wanderer" as belonging to William C. Corrie, Charleston, South Carolina, June 26, 1858. 1p. Registration of the "Wanderer" as the property of Charles A. L. Lamar, Savannah, Georgia, April 21, 1859. 1p.
Map of Georgia and Alabama by H. S. Tanner, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1823
negative photocopy.