Charles Jones Jenkins certificate
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Charles Jones Jenkins certificate

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Georgia Historical Society
Creator: Georgia. General Assembly.
Title: Charles Jones Jenkins certificate
Dates: 1872
Extent: 0.05 cubic feet (1 folder)
Identification: MS 1269

Biographical/Historical Note

Charles Jones Jenkins (1805-1883), most noted for his defiance of military authority while governor of Reconstruction Georgia from 1865 to 1868, was also a prominent political figure in the Whig Party during the antebellum period and a state supreme court justice during the Civil War. After the Civil War, Jenkins was a leader in the convention that drafted a new state constitution, and he was elected governor in November 1865. The state was bankrupt and deeply in debt. Jenkins restored Georgia's credit and financial condition within two years. He advised the legislature not to ratify the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which guaranteed rights to former slaves, and tried unsuccessfully to persuade the U.S. Supreme Court to issue an injunction against the federal Reconstruction Act of 1867. When General George G. Meade, the military commander in Georgia, directed that the state pay $40,000 for another constitutional convention that recognized the federal requirements, Jenkins and state treasurer John Jones refused. Meade removed them from office in January 1868 and replaced Jenkins with General Thomas Ruger. Jenkins left Georgia, taking with him his official documents and the seal of the governor's office, while Jones took $400,000 in state money to deposit in a bank in New York. The ex-governor appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, but the court refused to take jurisdiction. Jenkins lived abroad for two years and in 1870 returned to Augusta. When a Democratic governor and assembly were elected in 1872, Jenkins returned the sequestered items to his "first legitimate successor." In response he was presented a facsimile of the governor's seal with the motto In Arduis Fidelis (Steadfast in Adversity).


Scope and Content Note

This collection contains a copy of the resolution of thanks given to Charles Jones Jenkins (1805-1883) by the Georgia General Assembly in 1872. Also included is the gold replica of the Executive Seal of the State given to Jenkins.


Index Terms

Certificates.
Georgia. General Assembly.
Jenkins, Charles Jones, 1805-1883.
Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877)--Georgia.
United States--History--1865-1898.

Administrative Information

Custodial History

Unknown.

Preferred Citation

[item identification], Charles Jones Jenkins certificate, MS 1269, Georgia Historical Society, Savannah, Georgia.

Acquisition Information

Unknown.


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to the Georgia Historical Society. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Division of Library and Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Georgia Historical Society as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the researcher.


Sponsorship

Encoding funded by a 2012 Documenting Democracy grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Container List

 

Fldr

1Item 1: Certificate and gold state seal. Georgia General Assembly to Charles Jones Jenkins, 1872 August 22 ( 2.0 p. ) (Certified copy.)