Edward Varner family papers
New Search | Return to Search Results | View/Save/Print PDF

Edward Varner family papers

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Georgia Historical Society
Creator: Varner, Edward, 1790-1869.
Title: Edward Varner family papers
Dates: 1730-1965
Extent: 10.0 cubic feet (8 boxes, 19 volumes, 8 microfilm rolls)
Identification: MS 1256

Biographical/Historical Note

Edward Varner (1790-1869) of Eatonton, Putnam County, Georgia married Emma Dent. Their children included Early (b. 1816), Ann Eliza (1817-1818), Samuel Dent (1820-1868), and Frederick Augustus (b. 1822). Emma Dent Varner died in 1822. Edward Varner ran a general store in Eatonton, some of the account books of which are located in this collection. In 1823, he married Cynthia Hardwick Fitzpatrick Byrom (1798-1882) of Jasper County, Georgia. The Varner family moved to Jasper County where Mr. Varner operated a plantation until about 1850. Their children were: Andrew Jackson (1824-1862), Jefferson Monroe (1826­1862), Clinton L. (1829-1881), Mary Josephine (1830-1831), John Clark (1832-1884), Cynthia Amanda (1835-1915), and Narcissa Josephine (1837-1928). Mrs. Varner had previously married John Byrom (d. 1819) of Jasper County and their sons were William Hardwick (1817-1873) and Seymour Scott (1819-1827). William Hardwick Byrom moved to Dooly County where he founded the town of Byromville. He and his sons organized the Byrom Corporation, a banking and merchandising enterprise in the Byromville farming community. In 1849, Edward Varner and his sons purchased the Indian Springs Hotel in Butts County, Georgia and later renamed it the Varner House. Indian Springs became a popular health and social resort noted for the healing properties of the mineral water of the spring. The hotel had been built by Creek Chief William McIntosh around 1823, and was the site of the signing of the Treaty of Indian Springs in 1825, ceding all Creek Indian lands west of the Flint River to the State of Georgia. Some of the information in the collection concerns the Creek Indians, Indian Springs, and the Varner House, including hotel guest registers and account books.

The Varner children were educated at various schools in Georgia and Tennessee. The collection includes references to the education of daughters Amanda and Josephine at Eatonton Female Academy and LaGrange College and of sons Jefferson Monroe and Clinton L. at East Tennessee University in Knoxville. Edward Varner's receipts include receipts for the tuition of students and for books. Josephine Varner taught school for several years, was well read, and apparently had a clever way with words. For most of her life, however, she worked with the management of the Varner House, where she was known to her friends and hotel guests as "Miss Joe." Her brother John Clark and his wife Addie taught in numerous schools near-Indian Springs. The Civil War was a difficult period for the Varner family. Their eldest sons, Andrew Jackson and Jefferson Monroe were both killed in 1862. Miss Joe's diary during this time documents much sadness and disillusionment. After the war, the hotel continued to attract many guests, but was run by Mrs. Varner and her daughters Miss Amanda and Miss Joe. Mr. Varner had suffered much during the war and died in 1869 at the State Lunatic Asylum in Milledgeville, Georgia.


Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of the papers of the family of Edward Varner, primarily of Butts County, Georgia. However, other records in the collection are from Putnam, Jasper, Dooly, Coweta, Spalding, and other counties. These papers concern family and personal matters, social life and business interests. Included is a microfilm copy of Josephine Varner's (1837-1928) Civil War diary, 1862. Of special interest are the Indian Springs records, 1855-1948, concerning the history of Indian Springs, the Varner House, the Foy Hotel, the Elder Hotel, General William McIntosh and the Treaty of Indian Springs, 1825. Also included in the collection are some of the papers of the family of Ann Gray of Crawford and Houston Counties, who married Clinton L. Varner; papers of the family of William L. Gordon, whose daughter Addie married John Clark Varner; and papers of Birdie Varner Sanders of Newnan, daughter of Addie and John Clark Varner. Mrs. Sanders was responsible for the collection of many of the Varner family .papers and the compilation of some of the family history. The collection is organized into ten series: Varner family genealogy; Varner family papers; Miss Joe Varner papers; Indian Springs; Birdie Varner Sanders papers; Gray, Gordon, and Byrom family papers; miscellaneous papers; miscellaneous newspapers; bound volumes; and microfilm. Each series contains a detailed scope and content for the folders within; please see the collection inventory for further details.


Index Terms

Account books.
Bills of sale.
Business enterprises--Georgia.
Butts County (Ga.)
Byrom, William Hardwick, 1817-1873.
Byrom, ohn, d. 1819.
Byromville (Ga.)
Central of Georgia Railway.
Clippings (information artifacts)
Deeds.
Eatonton (Ga.)
Education, Secondary.
Flovilla (Ga.)
Gordon, William Lancaster.
Gray, Benjamin H.
Hotels.
Indians of North America--History--19th century.
Jasper County (Ga.)
Letters (correspondence)
Newspapers.
Obituaries.
Pamphlets.
Photographs.
Plats (maps)
Postcards.
Putnam County (Ga.)
Receipts (financial records)
Recipes.
Sanders, Birdie Varner.
Scrapbooks.
Slave trade--Georgia.
Slavery.
Travel guidebooks.
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
Varner, Edward, 1790-1869.

Location of Originals

Some originals located at the Georgia Archives.


Physical and Technical Access Restrictions

A microfilm reader is required to view parts of the collection.


Administrative Information

Custodial History

Material was acquired from families of creator.

Preferred Citation

[item identification], Edward Varner family papers, MS 1256, Georgia Historical Society, Savannah, Georgia.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Becky White Watts and Mrs. E. R. Rountree, 1977; Scrapbooks 1 and 2 deposited, 1977.


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to the Georgia Historical Society. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Division of Library and Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Georgia Historical Society as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the researcher.


Separated Material

Some postcards have been removed to the GHS postcard collection, MS 1361PC.

Artifacts were separated and cataloged with the Georgia Historical Society Artifacts Collection. View digital images of artifacts at the end of this collection inventory or search the Digital Image Catalog for further information.


Sponsorship

Encoding funded by a 2012 Documenting Democracy grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Container List

 

SERIES 1:: Varner family genealogy

This series contains compiled genealogical information, correspondence, notes, extracts and abstracts of original county records, and DAR membership records concerning the Varner, Fitzpatrick, Hardwick, Gordon, Byrom, and Thompson Families. Included is a family tree, 1730-1914 of Birdie Varner Sanders, daughter of John Clark Varner; DAR membership applications based on Revolutionary War soldiers Matthew Varner, William Hardwick, and Rene Fitzpatrick; an extract of the family bible of Edward Varner, married (1) Emma Dent, and married (2) Cynthia H.F. Byrom, 1810-1915; abstracts of Virginia, North Carolina, and Georgia official county records, U.S. Census Records, and published books on the Varner Family, 1730-1916; abstracts of tombstone inscriptions from Varner, A.R., 1825-1949; plat of Varner family cemetery at Indian Springs; compiled genealogical information on the William Byrom married Mary Ann Fretwell Family, 1815-1878, (their son John Byrom married Cynthia Hardwick Fitzpatrick, 1815); and extracts of the Gordon Family Bible, 1771-1884 and the Thompson Family Bible, 1810-1897. William L. Gordon, a son of John and Rhoda Gordon, married (2) Rebecca Bird-Smith-Thompson April 17, 1839. Adelaide Rebecca Gordon (Addie), their daughter, married John Clark Varner June 25, 1865. Also included are miscellaneous other notes and compiled information. Additionally, a record of the ancestors of Paul J. Varner, b. 1902, Houston County, son of Forrest G. Varner, grandson of Clinton L. Varner. This series also includes information on ancestors of Clinton L. Varner (married Ann Gray) and of Forrest G. Varner (married Annie E. Killebrew) and covers the period 1550-1950. The last page contains a mathematical explanation of the numbers assigned to individuals in this genealogy. The number for each individual corresponds to the numbers on the genealogical charts on pages 87-91

Box

Fldr

11Varner family genealogical information, 1902-1965 and undated, 55.0 items.
2"Genealogy of the Varner Family", undated, 1.0 volume
 

SERIES 2:: Varner family papers, 1816-1951

This series consists primarily of receipts for payments for goods and services, and records of purchases. Some of the 1817 records of purchases in New York possibly document Mr. Varner's stocking of goods for his store in Eatonton where he lived until about 1823. Included also are a January 1818 receipt for his purchase of eight Negroes citing both names and ages; an 1825 subscription to The Southern Recorder; receipts for payment for 1828 physician services, 1829 tuition for his stepson Wm. H. Byrom, and for 1856 attorney fees; 1847-1848 incoming letters concerning the mail route between Covington and LaGrange and between Social Circle and Athens; and an 1857 appointment of Edward Varner as Postmaster at Indian Springs. Additionally this series contains receipts, promissory notes, and records of goods purchased by Andrew J. Varner, Clinton L. Varner, Jefferson M. Varner, Miss Joe Varner, Miss Amanda Varner, and Mrs. Cynthia H. Varner. Also included are Varner and Elder Family deeds and other records, including incoming letters to Mrs. Cynthia H. Varner concerning land at Indian Springs. Also typed extracts of wills of George Varner, Sr., 1825. Mrs. Cynthia Hardwick Varner, 1881; Miss Amanda Varner, 1915; and wills and estate papers of Miss Joe Varner, 1923-1928, including a typed extract of a newspaper clipping concerning her estate. Insurance policies on the Indian Springs Hotel made in the names of Andrew J. Varner, Jefferson M. Varner, and Clinton L. Varner. The 1850 policy is made in the name of Edward Varner, agent for Henry Dillon, the prior owner of the Hotel. Letters from Jefferson M. and Clinton L. Varner to family and friends while they were students at East Tennessee University in Knoxville, and correspondence with classmates and friends. Includes correspondence between Jefferson Monroe Varner (Jeff) and his family; letters to John Clark Varner (called General) from his mother and sister Joe; a notice of Capt. A. J. Varner (Jack) appointment to Quartermaster of the Regiment; and letters to Miss Joe Varner from Cousin J. N. Dawkins and her nephew Joseph L. Varner. Jack Varner was killed April 11, 1862 at Malvern Hill, Virginia. His brother Jeff was killed July l, 1862. One letter concerns Mrs. Varner's attempts to locate the remains of her son Jeff. Includes incoming letters to A. J. Varner, H. J. Lamar, Jr., Miss Amanda Varner, Forrest G. Varner, Mrs. A. G. Varner in Newnan, and Miss Corneil Varner from family and friends. Also included are letters to and from people whose relationship to this collection is uncertain. Two letters are addressed to Mr. W. H. Flinn of Jackson, Mississippi and others to Lamar, Miss Rosa Holmes, Mrs. Alfriend, Sarah White., Inman, Alberta, and Dr. John A. Harris. One letter to Forrest Varner from Miss Joe, 1928, describes her memories of the Springs and the stage from there to Forsyth. An 1868 letter from Ginnie Varner to her aunt and sister contains a 1960 annotation by Birdie Varner Sanders, indicating that Ginnie and Callie Varner were daughters of Sam Dent Varner, step-brother to Miss Joe. Includes Miss J. Varner phrenology chart, 1860; a Confederate States of America soldier's passport; funeral notice of Dr. T. L. Saunders, Indian Springs, 1891; 1930-1931 correspondence about John McCree, flutist, who played at George Washington's funeral; subscription papers for Washington's Mount Vernon prepared by the Ladies Mount Vernon Association, Butts County Chapter; and undated poem, "The Passing of the Back House." Photographs and explanatory notes by Birdie Varner Sanders of The Mechanics Band of Newnan, 1885, photographed on the north side of the courthouse; "Aunt" Ann Campbell, an ex-slave, Miss Joe Varner, Birdie Varner Sanders, Forrest G. Varner, Mrs. Elizabeth M. Varner, and Bennett C. Sanders, photographed in Newnan, 1924. Also included is a photograph of Miss Joe as a young woman, undated. Includes Amanda Varner obituary, articles on Mrs. Birdie Varner Sanders, and obituary poem for Mrs. Adelaide Gordon Varner, dated 1915. Clippings concerning Miss Joe Varner are located in folder 23; those concerning Indian Springs are located in folder 28.

Box

Fldr

13Edward Varner papers, 1816-1864 and undated, 77.0 items.
4Varner family receipts and bills of sale, 1847-1915 and undated, 40.0 items.
5Varner family legal papers, 1827-1928, 32.0 items.
6Varner family insurance policies, 1850-1856, 6.0 items.
7Jefferson Monroe Varner and Clinton L. Varner correspondence, 1847-1849, 11.0 items.
8Varner family Civil War correspondence, 1861-1863 and undated, 15.0 items.
9Varner family correspondence, 1855-1951 and undated, 34.0 items.
10Varner family miscellaneous parts of letters, undated, 13.0 items.
11Varner family miscellaneous papers, 1860-1931 and undated, 10.0 items.
12Varner family photographs, 1885, 1924, and undated, 6.0 items.
13Varner family clippings, 1915 and undated, 5.0 items.
 

SERIES 3:: Miss Joe Varner papers, 1851-1936

This series contains letters from family and school friends; local friends in Monticello, Griffin, Savannah, Augusta, Milledgeville; friends who moved to Texas and Missouri from Georgia after the Civil War, and from former guests of the Indian Springs Hotel. Correspondents include Elizabeth W. Reid of "Turnwold", Georgia, Fanny M. Way of Savannah, William J. Green who writes of courting her niece, Callie, Gwen, S. M. Grant, and others. Incoming letters from more frequent correspondents are filed by name of correspondent in folders 16 through 21. It appears from the letters in this folder and in folder 15 that many of the correspondents consider Miss Joe to be very wise, sensible, and "noble;" and that they like to write to her to share personal sorrows and thoughts on religion and life. The letters indicate that Miss Joe wrote them clever, entertaining, and supportive letters in return. The file also includes one undated school report for Josephine Varner at Eatonton Female Academy; typescript 1852 letter from Mrs. Cynthia H. Varner to her daughters at LaGrange College and a copy of a 1953 letter to Mrs. Birdie Varner Sanders from the college thanking her for her gift of the original 1852 letter to the college; some Civil War letters from friends; an 1869 letter from Mrs. Dorothy Curtiss of Utica, NY concerning her daughter who died in Georgia during the Civil War and the kindness to the Curtiss Family by some members of the Indian Springs community. She also details accounts of "Noble Ladies of the South" during the war who saved the lives of some Union soldiers. In addition, the letters contain news of family, friends, and communities, sickness, death, and marriages. In some cases, only parts of letters are extant. Additionally this series contains an 1871 letter concerning the probability of a future railroad between Madison and Griffin to run near the Springs, and the yellow fever outbreak in Charleston and Augusta; two letters from Susan Williams, Miss Joe's former Negro servant: an 1898 one describing her efforts to pursue laundry and sewing work in Savannah and an undated letter from Byromville; a letter from Mayor Bridges Smith of Macon, 1907; letters at the time of her sister Amanda's death in 1915; and 1922-1928 letters congratulating her on her birthdays. Correspondents include Carrie Bleckley, Stamper Tobe, and Carrie Varner her niece. Many of the letters from former hotel guests describe their health or their improved health after visiting the Springs. In some cases, only parts of letters are extant. Letters from Sallie Lampkin of Forsyth who was apparently a friend of Miss Joe's since school days. The Lampkins occasionally spent time at the Springs, and were friends of the Varner Family. Sallie sends greetings to members of the Varner family and in one letter asks for a flower cutting from Amanda Varner who tended to gardening matters at Indian Springs. Includes also one 1878 letter from Wm. L. Lampkin thanking Miss Joe for her jug of Indian Springs Water, the "Elixir of Life" and mentioning his wife's illness. Letters from Sallie Butler of Griffin, later of Snow Hill, Jefferson, and Weatherford, Texas who was a close friend of Miss Joe and writes of mutual friends arid visits to the Springs. After moving to Texas, her husband Dr. Butler died, and she writes of Tier loneliness and sadness. The last item, only part of a letter, indicates she has married Mr. Stilly. Letters written from Savannah from Dolo O'Byrne, a devout Catholic, which are of a personal and religious nature. She writes of her work in religious instruction, news of family and friends, and cholera in Savannah. Includes also an 1873 letter from Mrs. O'Byrne on the occasion of the death of her, daughter, Dolo; an 1873, letter concerning the death of Bubber, a former Confederate soldier who was possibly Dolo's brother; and a newspaper article concerning the O'Byrne family in Savannah, 1810-1965. In some cases only parts of letters are extant. Personal letters from Alice Baldy, born 1835 to William Hugh and Eliza Polhil Baldy. She was a teacher in various parts of Georgia but was teaching in Griffin during the time of these letters. Aside from personal matters, the letters also contain news of mutual friends. In some cases, only parts of letters are extant. Letters from H. J. and V. B. Lamar of Vinveille, near Macon. Mr. Lamar is with Lamar, Rankin, and Lamar, retail druggists "Proprietors of Brewers Lung Restorers;" Mrs. Lamar is possibly an old school friend of Miss Joe. Letters concern news of family and friends, sickness, health, and miscellany. Mr. Lamar's letter concerning repairs to the rooms at Indian Springs Hotel, 1882, includes a recipe for white wash. A 1926 letter from C. R. Lamar concerns his quest for information on the "old time Lamars" especially Jefferson J. Lamar, murdered in Lumpkin in 1840. Mostly undated letters signed usually "V" except in the last letter in which she signs as Vallie. These letters are distinguishable primarily by the large and mostly illegible handwriting. They concern travels in England, France, and Germany and contain descriptions of numerous spiritual experiences. One such letter dated 1898, postmarked from France contains the following note on the envelope "Do not destroy. Bury this with me. Joe Varner.'' A 1900 letter includes a reference to being in Vineville and Macon. Other letters to Miss Joe signed V. B. Lamar, filed in folder 20 are written from Vineville, but the handwriting is significantly different from the writing in these letters. In most cases, only parts of letters are extant. Letters collected by Birdie Varner Sanders, including some letters which apparently were never mailed, and drafts of other letters written on the back of correspondence. The letters are addressed to: Birdie Varner Sanders, Mrs. Addie Varner, Sallie Butler, Mrs. Bama J. Porter, and others. They concern family news; Varner and Carter family history; and the McIntosh Chapter, DAR, concerning the preservation of the Varner House. Miss Joe's eyes began to fail her in later years and her handwriting in many cases is difficult to read. In some cases, Birdie Sanders prepared a typed extract of a letter or an annotation attached to a letter based on what Miss Joe told her. Also includes four undated essays, possibly from her school days, and a small volume containing a record of her expenditures, 1866-1875, 50 pages. Clippings and newspaper articles about Miss Joe, her life, and Indian Springs; commemorations of her 87th, 90th, and 91st birthdays, obituaries, and estate information. Includes some printed photographs. Also included are printed articles by Birdie Varner Sanders about Miss Joe: "Miss Joe's Ninety First Birthday" and 'Lived Under Thirty Presidents."

Box

Fldr

114Miss Joe Varner incoming letters and papers, 1851-1869 and undated, 45.0 items.

Box

Fldr

215Miss Joe Varner incoming letters, 1870-1928 and undated, 78.0 items.
16Incoming letters to Miss Joe Varner from Sallie and William L. Lampkin, 1854-1876 and undated, 6.0 items.
17Incoming letters to Miss Joe Varner from Sallie Butler Stilly, 1867-1888 and undated, 6.0 items.
18Incoming letters to Miss Joe Varner from Dolo O'Byrne and O'Byrne relatives, 1866-1873, 14.0 items.
19Incoming letters to Miss Joe Varner from Alice Baldy, 1870-1871 and undated, 8.0 items.
20Incoming letters to Miss Joe Varner from the Lamar family, 1879-1926, 6.0 items.
21Incoming letters to Miss Joe Varner from Vallie Lamar, 1898-1908 and undated, 20.0 items.
22Miss Joe Varner Outgoing Letters and Papers, 1866-1925 and undated, 19.0 items.
23Miss Joe Varner Clippings and Articles, 1914-1936 and undated, 23.0 items.
 

SERIES 4:: Indian Springs, 1855-1951

This series contains brochures and booklets concerning the history of Indian Springs; parts of two letterheads of the Foy Hotel at Indian Springs; illustrated postcards depicting the Varner House and Elder Hotel at Indian Springs and General William McIntosh; information on the mineral analysis of water at the springs; railroad ticket and letter of the Indian Springs Tabernacle Holiness Camp Ground; and Varner House printed bills of fare. Compiled information concerning Indian Springs; the McIntosh House built ca. 1823 by Joel Bailey and William McIntosh; General William McIntosh of the Lower Creek Nation in the "Coweta Country" the 1825 Treaty of Indian Springs; and the Varner House built circa 1815-1815 by William McIntosh, later named for the Varner Family. Also includes the following undated typed extracts: an 1856 letter from Colonel Alfred J. Pickett concerning the death of General McIntosh; the 1846 Indian Springs Hotel Regulations and charges; information from Miss Joe Varner about Indian Springs; an 1832 law concerning the Indian Springs reserve; and newspaper clippings. Typed and handwritten abstracts and extracts of the Federal and State laws concerning land in the McIntosh Reserve later known as the Indian Spring Reserve and the 1826 Treaty with the Creek Indians, 1821-1827; and of Butts County deeds and land grants to such property, 1828-1934. Oversized plats of property in and surrounding the Indian Springs Reserve, showing 1928 property of Mrs. Bessie Bryans Paul Varner, and others; the location of the spring and several hotels in the town of McIntosh; and roads, creeks, districts, lot numbers, and in some cases, names of surveyors., Four of the items are blueprints. Some of them are enlarged copies of original plats. Information on Indian Springs, the Varner house and other hotels at the springs, General William McIntosh of the Lower Creeks, the Treaty at Indian Springs, and numerous printed photographs.

Box

Fldr

224Indian Springs records, 1855-1948 and undated, 21.0 items.
25Indian Springs general information, 1930 and undated, 10.0 items.
26Indian Springs property, 1930 and undated, 14.0 items.
27Indian Springs property, plats, 1927-1942, 6.0 items.
28Indian Springs clippings, 1926-1951 and undated, 22.0 items.
 

SERIES 5:: Birdie Varner Sanders papers, 1897-1963

Birdie Varner Sanders of Newnan was the daughter of John Clark Varner. She was responsible for collecting and compiling a great deal of the Varner family history and papers. She prepared typed extracts for many of the letters and derived much information on the family from her aunt, Miss Joe Varner with whom she corresponded and visited. She kept many copies of her own outgoing letters. Mrs. Sanders began working as an office secretary at the Newnan Hospital in 1938. Correspondence from family and friends including six letters from her brother Kenan in Louisiana. Some letters concern the claim of her grandfather William L. Gordon for cotton and tobacco seized by the Union Army; others concern family history, the settling of real estate matters in Newnan, and miscellaneous. Also includes her diary which contains a single 1918 entry. Miscellaneous letters concerning family news, marriages, and thank you notes; some letters concern the settling of Miss Joe Varner's estate; others concern the selling of a steel engraving from the old McIntosh Hotel. Included also are typed extracts of newspaper clippings and a photograph of Bob, her nephew in a military uniform. Includes miscellaneous letters from friends, her brother Kenan, and her nephew James M. Vamuer concerning family history. Also contains correspondence with Georgia Department of Archives and History concerning Mrs. Sanders' deposit of records for processing. Primarily letters to Kenan White and his wife Clyde from Aunt Birdie Varner Sanders concerning miscellaneous news and family history. Some of the letters are those kept by the White's and others are the rough draft copies kept by Mrs. Sanders. Also includes one 1943 letter from a friend in Northwest Africa mentioning the scarcity of Coca Cola. Records collected by Mrs. Birdie Varner Sanders concerning various church and other organizations in Newnan. Includes miscellaneous minutes and notes of the Newnan Chapter of the Good Samaritans, 1911, 1917, 1919; miscellaneous undated letters from Mrs. Sanders and letters to the Women's Bible Class and Circle No. l, Newnan First Baptist Church; obituary for Mrs. Addie Gordon Varner prepared by the Women's Missionary Society of the First Baptist Church of Newnan, 1914; and obituary for Miss Jennie Kate Camp, 1950. Messages, letters, and programs of the Baraca Service Club, a Chorus Club, of the First Baptist Church of Newnan, 1925-1926. The chorus occasionally broadcasted over WSB Radio and received letters from many listeners. Mrs. Sanders was the pianist and handled some of the correspondence. Also includes a 3-page history of the Newnan Fire Department, organized 1895, prepared by Kenan Varner, 1938; and an undated history of the Newnan M. E. Church, organized 1828 and a list of preachers, 1829-1905. Box 7 is included in this series and contains two scrapbooks, one by Miss Joe Varner (1886 and undated) and one by Mr. Adelaide Gordon Varner (prior to 1914), both containing news clippings. Additionally, Box 7 includes a copy of Twenty-first Annual Report of the Public Schools of the City of Newnan, Georgia, 1908-1909.

Box

Fldr

229Birdie Varner Sanders correspondence and papers, 1897-1929, 31.0 items.

Box

Fldr

330Birdie Varner Sanders correspondence, 1932-1955, 52.0 items.
31Birdie Varner Sanders correspondence, 1956-1963 and undated, 38.0 items.
32Incoming letters to Kenan Varner White, 1947-1963 and undated, 15.0 items.
33Newnan, Georgia - Miscellaneous, 1911-1938 and undated, 16.0 items.

Box

7 Twenty-first Annual Report of the Public Schools of the City of Newnan, Georgia, 1908-1909, 1.0 items.
Scrapbooks

Box

7Miss Joe Varner, 1886 and undated, 1.0 items.
Mrs. Adelaide Gordon Varner, prior to 1914, 1.0 items.
 

SERIES 6:: Gray, Gordon, and Byrom family papers, 1836-1960

Benjamin H. Gray was the father of Ann Gray who married Clinton L. Varner in 1855. The earlier letters are addressed to B. H. Gray in Crawford County; after, 1847, he is in Busbayville, Houston County. Three 1843-1847 letters concern a court case involving a black man, George; the purchase of a male slave, Tally; and a slave, Jim, in the Perry, Houston County, Jail. Other letters concern the estate of his father George Gray, Jr., died 1826 and of his mother Catherine DeWalt Gray, died 1848, of Newberry, South Carolina. One 1852 letter addressed to Mr. Gray at Lavender's Mill in Houston County is about an order of lumber and others discuss saw and grist mill business and farming. Several letters from his nephew Micajah Harris of Newberry, South Carolina concerns the sale of cotton in Charleston, travel through Georgia from Oglethorpe County to Meriwether County, runaway slaves and the sickness "epedemic" in Newberry District. Includes one Houston County Deed, Thomas Dawkins to B. H. Gray, 1845; but contains primarily receipts and bills of sale for food, household and farming items. Also included are records of payment for books and the "tuition of 3 scholars," blacksmith services, physician services, and an 1853 record of cotton purchased of B. H. Gray. Pay vouchers and record of expenditures of estate of B. H. Gray, Patrick Gray, executor. Also includes one bond for property. Arranged by date of payment of debt instead of by date of purchase of goods. Receipts for payment of state and county taxes by Patrick, Phillis Ann, and Mrs. T. P. Gray; for soldiers taxes paid by Mrs. A. A. Gray and Patrick Gray; for Confederate taxes on agricultural products and bacon by Mrs. P. A. Gray and John Gray; and other taxes. Miscellaneous Gray Family receipts. Includes an 1845 invitation to George Gray; 1859 guardianship records for Simon Gray, Pat Gray, guardian; 1872 Justice of the Peace Commission for Patrick Gray; 1876 conveyance bond for Mrs. P. A. Gray, widow of Benjamin Gray; and photocopies of extracted information about Civil War records of Simon Gray and Patrick Gray. Letters from William L. Gordon to his daughter Addie Gordon Varner, wife of John Clark Varner, and one letter to his grandson Daniel Gordon Varner. Also includes 2 pages of 1960 annotations by Birdie Varner Sanders, his granddaughter concerning the family of William L. Gordon. Most of the letters are about religious matters and child raising techniques. In 1871 and 1872, he writes from Atlanta, Georgia where he is President of The Dollas Savings Bank; by 1875 he is writing from Gainesville, Georgia. Miscellaneous papers including 1903-1919 correspondence pursuing the war claim of William L. Gordon for property taken by the Union Army during the Civil War; typed extract of 1894 essay by Mrs. Adelaide Gordon Varner; undated article "Pioneer days of Griffin" about Annie Leak Thompson, a schoolmate of Addie Gordon Varner who traveled with Barnum and Bailey's Circus. Byromville, in Dooly County, was founded by William Hardwick Byrom, son of Cynthia Hardwick Fitzpatrick and her first husband John Byrom. Byrom's sons were involved in the banking, cotton, and merchandising business. Letters are to Miss Joe from her niece Della Byrom and nephew Seymour B. Byrom; one is from W.H. Byrom after the death of their brother Jack, 1862. Della writes primarily of family news, including the death of her father in 1873 and an 1871 reference to some of the former slaves moving back to the family farm. S. B. writes primarily of family history and the old Byrom plantation in Jasper County, including 1815-1906 family history compiled by him in 1910. Included is a September 1907 issue of "The Byromville Banking and Commercial News" published by J. S. Byrom and Sons, which contains information on Byromville and printed photographs.

Box

Fldr

334Incoming letters to Benjamin H. Gray, 1843-1853, 14.0 items.
Original loose papers
35Benjamin H. Gray papers, 1836-1853 and undated, 18.0 items.
36Benjamin H. Gray estate papers, 1856-1857, 13.0 items.
37Gray family tax records, 1857-1881, 13.0 items.
38Gray family miscellaneous papers, 1841-1882 and undated, 33.0 items.
39William Lancaster Gordon outgoing letters and annotations, 1871-1880, 1960, 9.0 items.
40Miscellaneous Gordon family papers, 1903-1960 and undated, 10.0 items.
41Byrom Family outgoing letters and papers, 1862-1911 and undated, 13.0 items.
 

SERIES 7:: Miscellaneous Papers, 1818-1978

This series contains recipes for the preparation of soap, green dye, a cough recipe, and miscellaneous foods. Includes a small volume of home remedy recipes, 16 pages. Blank pages after page 15 were not hand numbered by the Georgia Department of Archives and History. One 1882 recipe for white wash from H.J. Lamar is filed with his letters in folder 20. "Ritual of the Council of Temperance" 1873, Nashville, TN, 24 pages; "Women's Physical Development" March, 1902, 27 pages, a monthly magazine published by Physical Culture Publishing Co., NY; pamphlet "Famous Women of History" published by Lydia E. Pinkham Medicine Co., Lynn, MA, no date, 32 pages; and a Needlework Copy Book, no date, 7 pages. Deed from James Salter of Jefferson County to William Whitefield of Washington County for 200 acres in Washington County. The relationship between these persons and the Varner Family is uncertain. Courthouse fires in Washington County in 1855 and 1864 destroyed the county copy of official records. The only extant copies of pre-1855 Washington County records are those which were kept by members of a family, such as this deed. Program of the Griffin Centennial Celebration, 1840-1940, containing articles and photographs on the history of Griffin. Kenan Varner White was a co-chairman of the program committee. These papers are Beer's Carolinas and Georgia Almanac, Charleston, 1842; Special Message of Governor Joseph E. Brown to the Legislature of Georgia on our Federal Relations, Retaliatory State Legislation, the Right of Secession & C.. Milledgeville, 1860; invitation to the City Public Schools graduation exercises, Newnan, 1892; The Musical Advocate and Family Journal, Oxford, Georgia., 1891; The Wizard of Granada by M. T. Calder, New York, 1895; "The House of Cable" Atlanta, 1898; program for the annual reunion of the United Confederate Veterans, Charleston, 1899; program for the annual reunion of the United Confederate Veterans, Savannah, 1901; The Cosmopolitan magazine, New York, 1904; Madison Baptist Church Bulletin, Madison, 1913; Mary McGrath's certificate of service in the Red Cross Canteen Service, 1918-1919; Savannah Line sailing schedule, 1922; Miss Joe Varner's household account books, 1924-1927; Yearbook of the Sarah Dickinson Chapter of the DAR, Newnan, 1924-1925; bulletin with two articles: "Georgia Forest Service" by B. M. Lufburrow and "Georgia Forest-Parks" by C. A. Whittle and Bonnell H. Stone, 1929; "Forty-two Cases of Poliomyelitis in Centralia, Illinois 1929" by Herbert J. Levine. These papers are a miniature of Lifemagazine, January 4, 1883 (v.1, no.1); a hand bill, in broadside format concerning typhoid fever; "Pastoral Letter" by Bishop Augustin Verot; World War II gas ration stamps; itinerary for the S. S. Statendam of the Holland-America Line; program for the Eden Musee (was museum); two tourist map and guides to New York; booklet about the Caverns of Luray, Virginia; "Crash" a booklet on traffic safety; recruitment brochure for the navy; tourist booklet on Washington, DC tours; tourist booklet for Savannah; tourist booklet for the ocean-sight seeing yacht Halcyon; and an advertisement card for Lamar, Rankin & Lamar, Macon. These are a Book of Psalms and To My Pal, compiled by Wallace and Frances Rice. These papers are Gold Dust: A Collection of Golden Counsels for the Sanctification of Life; the New Testament; Mrs. Varner's address book; Miss Joe Varner's school notebook; an unidentified memorandum and account book from the World's Dispensary Medical Association; and an account book. History of the Indian Springs Hotel, 1823-1920, information on the hotel, William McIntosh, Varner family, social events and business life. Box 6 contains information relating to the Central of Georgia Railway. These papers belonged to Kenan V. White, Central of Georgia Railroad agent, 1947-circa 1963, in Chattanooga, Tennessee. Included are materials about the Central of Georgia Railway Agents Association and the National Railway Historical Society (various chapters), plus 1 photograph of the Central of Georgia Railway "Safety Committee," 1962. These are The Right Way, concerning railroad safety, 1916; and the Central of Georgia Magazine, 1936-1960. These are the Rules and Regulations, Hospital Department, Central of Georgia Railway Company, and the 1961 revision; the railroad's hospitalization plan and its 1961 revision; Railroad Information, 1961; The Bulletin of the National Railway Historical Society, 1962.

Box

Fldr

342Recipes, undated, 7.0 items.
43Miscellaneous material on women, 1873, 1902, and undated, 4.0 items.
44Washington County Deed, 1818, 1.0 items.
45Griffin, Georgia centennial program, 1940, 1.0 items.

Box

Fldr

446Deeds, plats, legal papers and account sheets of the Varner family, 1834-1859 and undated, 25.0 items.
47Miscellaneous correspondence and papers of Mrs. Birdie Varner Sanders, 1924-1957 and undated, 19.0 items.
48Photographs and negatives, undated, 56.0 items.
49Postcards, 1884-1963 and undated, 25.0 items.
50Miscellaneous printed materials, 1842-1949, 15.0 items.
51Miscellaneous printed materials, undated, 15.0 items.
52Miscellaneous printed materials, 1910 and 1913, 2.0 items.
53Miscellaneous papers, printed and handwritten, undated, 7.0 items.
54News clippings, various dates. Concerning Miss Joe Varner, 5.0 items.
55News clippings, various dates. Concerning the Varner House, Chief William McIntosh and Newnan, Georgia, 6.0 items.

Box

Fldr

556Birdie V. Sanders Christmas card mailing list, undated, 1.0 items.
57Pages from an unidentified scrapbook, 1.0 items.
58 The Indian Springs Hotel as a Nineteenth-Century Watering Place by Martha F. Norwood. Atlanta: State of Georgia, Dept, of Natural Resources, Office of Planning and Research, Historic Preservation Section, 1978, 223.0 pages , 1 volume

Box

Fldr

659Miscellaneous business correspondence, memos, cards, and papers, 1883-1963, and undated, 50.0 items.
60Miscellaneous printed materials, 1916-1960, 11.0 items.
61Miscellaneous printed materials, 1961-1962, 9.0 items.
Central of Georgia Railway Guide, 1946, 1.0 items.
The Station Agent's Blue Book by O.B. Kirkpatrick, 1958, 1.0 items.
 

SERIES 8:: Miscellaneous Newspapers (Oversize)

This series contains newspapers. The folders are arranged alphabetically by city and papers from outside Georgia included after Thomaston, Georgia in folder 69.

Box

Fldr

862Newspapers
Atlanta
Atlanta Constitution, 1885 July 17 and 1892 September 4
Atlanta Journal, 1889 December 27, 1892 October 10, and 1918 August 11
The Sunny South, 1875-1885
Dated July 1, 1876; March 10, 1877; May 5, 1880; August 15, September 19, 1885
Augusta, Barnesville, Forsyth, and Griffin
Georgia Weekly Constitutional, 1848 October 11
Barnesville Patriot, 1874 April 22
Monroe Advertiser, 1882 September 5
Empire State, 1856 August 27
Daily News, 1878 November 21
Indian Springs and Jackson
Middle Georgia Argus, 1880 July 8
Butts County Argus, 1877 June 28 and 1915 April 2
Middle Georgia Argus, 1882 November 3
Jackson Progress Argus, 1916-1928
Dated June 16, 1916, February 11, 1921, October 30, 1925, November 16, 30, and December 21, 1928
Macon
Georgia Messenger, 1840 November 21
Georgia Telegraph, 1858 July 6
Macon Daily Telegraph, 1912 May 7
Macon Evening News (Illustrated edition), 1889 December
Macon Telegraph, 1826-1928
Dated November 21, 1826; December 8, 1889; July 16, 1899; November 16, 1928
Telegraph and Messenger, 1885 July 19
Wesleyan Christian Advocate, 1880 May 1
Milledgeville
Federal Union, 1840 September 15; 1848 June 20; 1849 May 15
Georgia Journal, 1885 June 14
Southern Recorder, 1848 June 20
Standard of Union, 1840 September 1
Newnan
Newnan Weekly News, 1914 October 15
Newnan Herald, 1926-1961
Dated September 23, 1926; March 21, 1930; November 4, 1937; November 9, 1939; July 27, 1961
Savannah
Weekly News, 1878 April 6 and 1878 December 14; 1885 July 16
Thomaston and out of state
Thomaston, Georgia, Free Press, 1968 November 11
Montgomery, Alabama, Memphis Daily Appeal, 1865 January 13
New York, New York, Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, 1874 June 6
New York, New York, American Catholic News, 1896 April 29
 

SERIES 9:: Bound Volumes

This series contains bound volumes of record books and other materials from the Varner family. The volumes are not stored in containers.

Volume

1Edward Varner general store account book, Putnam County, Georgia; James A. Hill Blacksmith Account Book; Jasper County, Georgia, 1819; 1841-1843, 246.0 pages.
Arranged chronologically. Two items in one volume. Edward Varner operated a store in Eatonton, Putnam County, Georgia before 1823 when he moved to Jasper County. For this reason, it is possible this is an account book from his store in Eatonton. Contains name of customer, items purchased, cost, and date. Arranged chronologically. The Varner family lived in Jasper County from 1823- circa 1850 when they moved to Indian Springs. Therefore, the blacksmith account book probably includes accounts from Jasper County since the Varner's were living in Jasper County during 1841-1843. It contains name of account, blacksmith services rendered and goods, and cost: Arranged by name of account. Many of the accounts are those of Edward, Early, Samuel, and William Varner. See also volume 13, James A. Hill Blacksmith Account Book, 1842-1811, which includes some of the same accounts.

Volume

2Edward Varner general store account book, Putnam County, Georgia, 1819-1820, 336.0 pages.
Arranged chronologically. Account book containing name of customer, items purchased, cost, and date. Some miscellaneous entries are contained on the first few pages and last few pages.

Volume

3Varner House guest register, Butts County, Georgia, 1852-1870, 313.0 pages.
Arranged chronologically. Hotel guest register recording date, name of guest, and residence. The Varner House was known as the Indian Springs Hotel when this register was kept.

Volume

4Varner House guest register, Butts County, Georgia, 1886-1894, 50.0 pages.
Most of the volume is arranged chronologically. Hotel guest register recording date, name of guest, and residence. The last two pages contain entries for 1887. The Varner House was known as the Indian Springs Hotel when this register was kept.

Volume

5Varner House guest register, Butts County, Georgia, 1916-1928, 143.0 pages.
Arranged chronologically. Hotel guest register recording date, name of guest, and residence. Pages 15-72 contain additional entries for 1916 and 1917; pages 135-136 contain additional entries for 1928; pages 141-143 contain additional entries for 1918-1921. There appear to be no entries for 1923 or 1927.

Volume

6Varner House guest register, Butts County, Georgia, 1932-1934, 202.0 pages.
Arranged chronologically. Hotel guest register recording date, name of guest, and residence.

Volume

7Samuel D. Varner general store account book, Jasper County, Georgia; Varner House account book, Butts County, Georgia, 1848; 1853-1863, 467.0 pages.
Arranged chronologically. Two items in one volume. Samuel Dent Varner (1820-1868) was a son of Edward Varner and his first wife, Emma Dent. His Jasper County account hook contains names of customers, charge, payment received, and date. The Varner, House account book contains a record of itemized cash receipts from hotel guests and itemized cash disbursements of the hotel and Varner Family. This volume is arranged chronologically with receipts on the left page facing disbursements on the right page. The tops of the pages are labeled "Ind. Hotel." The Varner House was formerly known as the Indian Springs Hotel.

Volume

8Varner House account book, Butts County, Georgia, 1880-1890, 167.0 pages.
Arranged chronologically. Record of itemized cash receipts from hotel guests and itemized cash disbursements of the hotel and Varner Family.

Volume

9Varner House account book, Butts County, Georgia, 1891-1899, 93.0 pages.
Arranged chronologically. Record of itemized cash receipts from hotel guests and itemized cash disbursements of the hotel and Varner Family.

Volume

10Varner House account book, Butts County, Georgia, 1899-1915, 87.0 pages.
Arranged chronologically. Record of itemized cash receipts from hotel guests and itemized cash disbursements of the hotel and Varner Family.

Volume

11Edward Varner hotel account book, Bibb County, Georgia; Varner House guest register, Butts County, Georgia, 1842-1843; 1877, 115.0 pages.
Arranged chronologically. Two items in one volume. Hotel account book contains a record of charges to and payments from guests for lodging and/or board, and date. Arranged by name of account. Possibly Mr. Edward Varner was the proprietor of this hotel as his name appears in the front of volume 12, which covers this same period of time, and in which the names of guests, charges, and dates correspond to this volume. The Varner House hotel guest register records date, name of guest, and residence. Includes also miscellaneous notes. This register is recorded on the last five pages of this volume.

Volume

12Edward Varner hotel account book, Bibb County, Georgia; Varner House account book, Butts County, Georgia, 1842-1843; 1850-1853, 50.0 pages.
Two items in one volume. The Bibb County account book contains a record of charges to guests for lodging and/or board, and date. Arranged chronologically. The names, dates, and charges in this volume correspond to those in volume 11. The Butts County account book contains a record of cash receipts and cash disbursements. Arranged chronologically with receipts on the left page facing disbursements on the right page. Though it is not labeled, this is possibly for the Varner House as by 1850, Mr. Edward Varner was operating the Varner House. Pages 173-179 contain miscellaneous entries and receipts of Edward Varner, 1842-1847.

Volume

13James A. Hill blacksmith account book, Jasper County, Georgia, 1842-1844, 41.0 pages.
Account book containing name of account, blacksmith services rendered and goods, and cost. Arranged chronologically. Accounts include those of Edward and Early Varner. See also volume 1, which contains some of the same accounts, arranged chronologically. Also includes estate records of Asa G. Avary, 1844, 3 pages; and miscellaneous other entries.

Volume

14Jackson Manufacturing Company account book, Jackson, Mississippi, 1862-1863, 299.0 p.
Arranged chronologically. Account book recording names of accounts, items purchased, cost, and payments, kept daily. Additional 1862-1863 entries begin after page 223.

Volume

15Miss Joe Varner autograph book; Butts County, Georgia, 1852-1855, 50.0 pages.
Small volume consisting of essays and verses to Miss Joe Varner, primarily from friends at LaGrange Female College. Also contains a list of books read, 1853-1855.

Volume

16Miss Joe Varner autograph and miscellaneous book, Butts County, Georgia, circa 1850-1887 and undated, 42.0 pages.
Small volume containing essays, circa 1850s when Joe Varner was in school; recipes, 1860 and undated; record of members and contributions of Women's Missionary Society, Flovilla Methodist Church in Butts County, 1885-1887; and verses composed in autograph book format.

Volume

17Miss Joe Varner Account Book, Butts County, Georgia, 1869-1871, 33.0 pages.
Ledger of receipts and disbursements of Miss Joe Varner, primarily private expenses.

Volume

18Miss Amanda Varner account book, Butts County, Georgia, 1882-1894, 25.0 pages.
Ledger of receipts and disbursements of Miss Amanda Varner. Contains a record of her sales of butter, milk, eggs; and chickens.

Volume

19Mrs. Birdie Varner Sanders account book, Coweta County, Georgia, 1932-1939, 104.0 pages.
Record of petty cash expenditures of Mrs. Birdie Varner Sanders in Newnan, Georgia and on visits to Griffin and Cedartown. Also includes record of small expenditures on a West Indies cruise, 1933. Her references to purchasing 3 "dopes" for herself and two friends for 15 cents documents the slang of the time for Coca Cola.
 

SERIES 10:: Microfilm Contents

roll

1Includes Folders 1-3

roll

2Includes Folders 4-15

roll

3Includes Folders 15 (continued) - 29

roll

4Includes Folders 29 (continued) - 43

roll

5Includes Folders 43 (continued) - 69, and Volumes 1 and 2

roll

6Includes Volumes 2 (continued) - 7

roll

7Includes Volumes 7 (continued) - 19

roll

8Includes 2 volumes
Originals housed in the Georgia Archives.

Varner House register and ledger, Butts County, Georgia, 1857-1861, 181.0 pages.
This volume is a record of itemized accounts receivable, arranged by name of account. Indexed, A-K. A list of hired servants for 1858 follows the index; a list of names of dancers (possibly at Indian Springs) is located on pages 178-179.

Diary of Miss Joe Varner, Butts County, Georgia, 1862-1911, 113.0 pages.
Short essay type entries documenting her disillusionment and struggles against lethargy and sadness during and after the Civil War, and her teachings in Byromville and Indian Springs. Later entries record short descriptions of weather and local news.
 
Artifacts
A-1256-001 Embroidered bookmark View online.
A-1256-002 Jew’s harp View online.
A-1256-003 Aviator sunglasses with green lenses View online.