American Jewish Archives collection on Georgia history
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American Jewish Archives collection on Georgia history

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Georgia Historical Society
Creator: American Jewish Archives.
Title: American Jewish Archives collection on Georgia history
Dates: 1727-1779
Extent: 0.05 cubic feet (1 folder)
Identification: MS 1157

Biographical/Historical Note

The American Jewish Archives was founded by Dr. Jacob Rader Marcus in 1947. It is located on the Cincinnati Campus in Ohio of Hebrew Union College-Jewish Institute of Religion.

Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of photocopies of documents pertaining to Georgia's colonial history. Included are items of Fort King George, the charter for incorporating the colony, Thomas Christie's notes on the voyage of the first settlers to Georgia, a petition by Thomas Stephens on behalf of the people of Georgia, a treasury report on payments of troops, a first-hand account of the siege on Savannah, and an undated interview with Native Americans regarding their friendship with the English rather than the French. Also included is a report on the mutiny at Fort Andrews that documents in detail the attempt of several soldiers to kill Gen. James Oglethorpe. Philip Minis is mentioned in a number of the documents.

All of the papers in this collection are photocopies; unless otherwise noted, the originals are in the Essex Record Office in London.

Index Terms

American Jewish Archives.
Fort King George (Ga.)
Georgia--History--Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775.
Indians of North America--Georgia.
Letters (correspondence)
Minis, Philip, -1789.
Oglethorpe, James Edward, 1696-1785.
Savannah (Ga.)--History--Siege, 1779.

Location of Originals

Original documents in the Essex Record Office, London; the Library of Congress; B.F. Steven's Facsimiles; Zeitung de Judenthums, 1844.

Administrative Information

Custodial History

Material was acquired from collecting body.

Preferred Citation

[item identification], American Jewish Archives collection on Georgia history, MS 1157, Georgia Historical Society, Savannah, Georgia.

Acquisition Information

Gift of the American Jewish Archives, 1963.


Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to the Georgia Historical Society. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Division of Library and Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Georgia Historical Society as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the researcher.


Encoding funded by a 2012 Documenting Democracy grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Container List



1Item 1: Representation Upon the Importance of the Fort Upon the River Altamaha, 1727 December 1 ( 7.0 p. )
Addressed to the King and signed by several persons. Describes the condition of Fort King George and the garrison.


1Item 2: Rough draft of a charter for the incorporation of a colony, 1731 January ( 3.0 p. )
Unsigned. This appears to be part of the draft submitted to His Majesty's Privy Council by the Committee for Establishing a New Colony in South Carolina. See Acts of the Privy Council of England. Colonial Series, Vol. III A.D. 1720-1745 (1910), 220-305.


1Item 3: Thomas Christie to unknown recipient, undated ( 6.0 p. )
Encloses his Journal of the voyage of the first settlers to Georgia, 1732-1733.


1Item 4: James Oglethorpe to Thomas Tower. Jekyl Sound, 1738 September 19 ( 3.0 p. )
Report on the colony: stores, agriculture, finances.


1Item 5: James Oglethorpe to Robert Walpole. Frederica in Georgia, 1738 November 20 ( 4.0 p. )
Regarding finances for the colony.


1Item 6: Report on the mutiny at Fort St. Andrew's on Cumberland Island, 1738 November ( 6.0 p. )
Undoubtedly written by Gen. James Oglethorpe, though it is not signed; describes in detail the attempt of several of the soldiers to kill him.


1Item 7: "Petition of Thomas Stephens Agent for and in behalf of the People of Georgia in America." London, 1742 April 30 ( 2.0 p. )
Addressed "To the Honourable the Commons of Great Britain in Parliament Assembled." Regarding misuse of public money for the colony.


1Item 8: Resolutions of "The Committee on the Treasury." Treasury Office, 1776 October 27 ( 1.0 p. )
Regarding payments of troops; Philip Minis is among those mentioned. Original in the Library of Congress.


1Item 9: "Siege of Savannah." Information given by two Merchants of Charlestown. Mr. Glen, Chief Justice of Savannah, and John Hamilton, pilot, as to places of landing for the French troops under Count d'Estaing", 1779 September ( 3.0 p. )
Philip Minis mentioned as a guide. B.F. Stevens' Facsimiles.


1Item 10: Zeitung des Judenthums, p. 153, 1844
A brief history of the Jews in Georgia, 1733-1741. The book is in German; a typed translation is attached to it.


1Item 11: Interview with some Native Americans regarding their friendship with the English rather than with the French and their Native Americans, undated ( 4.0 p. ) (Incomplete.)
There is nothing in the document to identify the writer.