Liberty Independent Troop history and article
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Liberty Independent Troop history and article

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Georgia Historical Society
Creator: Confederate States of America. Army. Georgia Infantry Regiment, 5th.
Creator: Fleming, William Augustus.
Title: Liberty Independent Troop history and article
Dates: 1896
Extent: 0.05 cubic feet (1 folder)
Identification: MS 1063

Biographical/Historical Note

Officially organized in 1786 in Liberty County, Georgia, as an independent troop, this cavalry soon became known as the Liberty independent Troop. It is the oldest cavalry troop in Georgia. Its original purpose was for defense against Native Americans. The unit served in the Civil War as Troop G, 5th Regiment, Georgia Cavalry and was attached to General Wheeler's Corps, Army of the Tennessee, from 1863 until 1865 when it was disbanded. In 1872, following the Reconstruction period, the Liberty Independent Troop was reorganized and, in 1889, was designated Troop B, 1st Cavalry. The troop was in federal service on the Mexican border from 1916 to 1917. It mustered out of service after the end of World War I.

Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of a history of Liberty Independent Troop written by William Augustus Fleming in 1896, including a roster of troop commanders, 1785-1896, a list of captains of the troop, men who enrolled for six months in the Confederate Army, October 1861 to April 1862, and a list of troop members at the troop's Centennial Celebration in 1886. The history also describes the troop's uniforms, its service in the War of 1812, its service in the Civil War, and summaries of troop meetings, 1872-1896. Also included in the collection is a photocopy of an undated newspaper article outlining the Troop's military record, describing the troop's skilled horsemen, its military service to the Confederacy and to the United States during World War I.

Index Terms

Confederate States of America. Army. -- General subdivision--Uniforms.;
Confederate States of America. Army. Georgia Cavalry Regiment, 5th.
Fleming, William Augustus.
Local histories.
United States--History--War of 1812.
World War, 1914-1918.

Location of Originals

Original history in the Midway Museum in Midway, Georgia.

Administrative Information

Custodial History


Preferred Citation

[item identification], Liberty Independent Troop history and article, MS 1063, Georgia Historical Society, Savannah, Georgia.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Roger S. Durham, 1976.


Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to the Georgia Historical Society. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Division of Library and Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Georgia Historical Society as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the researcher.


Encoding funded by a 2012 Documenting Democracy grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Container List

Item 1: Records and reminiscences of the Liberty Independent Troop
Item 2: Unidentified newspaper article, undated