Smart (Schooner) sea letter
New Search | Return to Search Results | View/Save/Print PDF

Smart (Schooner) sea letter

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Georgia Historical Society
Creator: United States. President.
Title: Smart (Schooner) sea letter
Dates: 1810
Extent: 0.05 cubic feet (1 folder)
Identification: MS 0735

Biographical/Historical Note

The United States, in similar practice to many other countries during the 18th and 19th centuries, required all neutral ships with proof of ownership by a U.S. citizen, to carry a "sea letter" signed by the President of the United States, Secretary of State, and local collector. Any government document issued from that government to a merchant vessel is considered a sea letter. This document had to remain with the vessel during the entirety of its voyage; it served as proof of nationality and guaranteed national protection of the vessel and her cargo.

Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of a sea letter for the schooner Smart, Moses Owen being the master, dated January 30, 1810. The sea letter is noted as surrendered on receiving a new one on July 9, 1810. It is signed by James Madison, President, and Robert Smith, Secretary of State.

Index Terms

Intercoastal shipping.
Madison, James, 1751-1836.
Maritime law.
Sea letters.
Smart (Schooner)
Smith, Robert, 1757-1842.
United States. President.

Administrative Information

Custodial History


Preferred Citation

[item identification], Smart (Schooner) sea letter, MS 735, Georgia Historical Society, Savannah, Georgia.

Acquisition Information



Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to the Georgia Historical Society. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Division of Library and Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Georgia Historical Society as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the researcher.


Encoding funded by a 2012 Documenting Democracy grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Container List

Item 1: "Sea letter for Schr. Smart, Moses Owen Master, surrendered on receiving a new one on 9th July 1810" ( 1.0 p. )
Signed by James Madison, President and Robert Smith, Secretary of State. Date of original issue is Jan. 30, 1810.