Richard Leake plantation journal and business records
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Richard Leake plantation journal and business records

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Georgia Historical Society
Creator: Leake, Ricahrd, 1733-1802.
Title: Richard Leake plantation journal and business records
Dates: 1785-1802
Extent: 0.05 cubic feet (1 folder)
Identification: MS 0485

Biographical/Historical Note

Richard Leake (1733-1802) was born in Cork, Ireland. He was a surgeon in both the East and West Indies. He came to America and settled in New Jersey, moving first to North Carolina and then to Georgia in 1774. A Loyalist, Leake left Georgia during the Revolutionary War, but returned after the war and resumed his life as a planter. In 1784 he bought Jekyll Island, selling the island soon after its purchase. In 1785 he bought a plantation on the Little Ogeechee River in Chatham County; he sold the plantation in 1791. In 1792 he moved to Bellville plantation in McIntosh County. He first rented this plantation before purchasing it. He also had plantations at Sapelo on Main, McIntosh County, on St. Simons Island, and on the Turtle River, both in Glynn County. His daughter, Sarah, married Thomas Spalding of Sapelo Island. In addition to planting, Leake operated a store in which he sold cotton, cotton seed, staples, articles of clothing, piece goods, wines and liquors, and meats.

Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of a journal kept by Richard Leake, 1785-1802, which is a combination of plantation journal and store accounts. It also has copies of his tax returns. It contains information on planting Sea Island cotton and other crops, commodity prices, raising and marketing cattle, working and hiring-out of slaves. There are comments on the weather.

This journal is a negative photocopy of the original in the collection of the Colonial Dames of America, Georgia Society, deposited at the Georgia Historical Society.

Index Terms

Cattle trade--Georgia.
Consumer goods.
Journals (accounts)
Leake, Ricahrd, 1733-1802.
Plantation life--Georgia.
Sea Island cotton.
Tax returns.

Location of Originals

Original journal in the Colonial Dames of America, Georgia Society collection deposited at the Georgia Historical Society.

Administrative Information

Custodial History


Preferred Citation

[item identification], Richard Leake plantation journal and business records, MS 485, Georgia Historical Society, Savannah, Georgia.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Library Committee, Georgia Society, Colonial Dames of America, through Mrs. Maxfield Parrish, 1948.


Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to the Georgia Historical Society. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Division of Library and Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Georgia Historical Society as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the researcher.


Encoding funded by a 2012 Documenting Democracy grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Container List

Item 1: Plantation journal and business records, 1785 June 6-1802 January 17