William Hughes and Horace Bertrand Folsom family papers
New Search | Return to Search Results | View/Save/Print PDF

William Hughes and Horace Bertrand Folsom family papers

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Georgia Historical Society
Creator: Folsom, Horace Bertrand, d. approximately 1952.
Creator: Hughes, William, b. 1794.
Title: William Hughes and Horace Bertrand Folsom family papers
Dates: 1753-1951
Extent: 2.0 cubic feet (4 boxes)
Identification: MS 0406

Biographical/Historical Note

William Hughes was born in Sunbury, Georgia and attended the Sunbury Academy. He was the last surviving pupil of Dr. William McWhir, the long-time principal of the Academy. He taught at Sand Hills School from 1816 to 1817, and again in 1819. he also taught at the Sunbury Academy in 1818; both of these schools were in Liberty County. He was elected surveyor of Liberty County in 1844 and continued in that capacity into the 1880s. In 1847 he was also Deputy Surveyor of Bryan County. He made surveys in both of these counties, and in several other nearby counties.

Horace Bertrand Folsom was born in Liberty County and received his early education in the public schools there. Most of his life was spent in Mt. Vernon, Montgomery County, Georgia. He was the editor of The Montgomery Monitor, Historian for the Savannah Presbytery, and wrote historical and biographical sketches for Macon, Savannah, Atlanta, and Mt. Vernon newspapers. He wrote and published Midway Congregational Church, a Patriotic Paragon, 1630-1752-1929 (Mt. Vernon, Ga.: ca. 1930).

Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of the papers of William Hughes and his great-grandson, Horace Bertrand Folsom. The collection also includes a few papers of George Hughes, father of William Hughes. The William Hughes papers consist of his correspondence, 1816-1884, miscellaneous personal papers, and his surveys of tracts of land in several Georgia Counties. There are also some county deeds, grants, and warrants which were used for some of his surveys. The surveys are largely rough drafts upon which the finished surveys were based. Most of them are undated. In cases where the counties are not designated on the surveys the name has been supplied from internal evidence. Some large surveys from this collection have been added to the library's map collection.

The Horace Bertrand Folsom papers contain his correspondence, 1924-1951, and many of his writings. Of special interest among these are articles on cotton, the culture of tea, sugar, tobacco and olives in Georgia, paper making, petroleum in Georgia, a German philanthropic colony at Perry's Mills, Georgia, which began in 1870, early roads, stagecoach travel, transportation by rivers.

In addition to the Hughes and Folsom papers, there are the papers of Peter Fiveash, 1862-1864; Henry Taylor, 1869-1891; Thomas J. White, 1864; records of Liberty County and Montgomery County.

Index Terms

Folsom, Horace Bertrand, d. approximately 1952.
Hughes, William, b. 1794.
Land grants.
Land surveys.
Letters (correspondence)
Liberty County (Ga.)
Montgomery County (Ga.)
Receipts (financial records)
Slave trade.
Sunbury (Ga.)

Administrative Information

Custodial History

Purchased from the estate of Horace Bertrand Folsom.

Preferred Citation

[item identification], William Hughes and Horace Bertrand Folsom family papers, MS 406, Georgia Historical Society, Savannah, Georgia.

Acquisition Information

Purchased, 1954.


Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to the Georgia Historical Society. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Division of Library and Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Georgia Historical Society as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the researcher.

Separated Material

The following surveys and maps were separated from the collection and cataloged with MS 1361: Berwick, 1848. Property of George W. Anderson (#477 CCT); Brunswick, Georgia. after 1832 (#142 GCCL); Bryan County, Chelsea Plantation. ca. 1866 (#102 GCCL); Bryan County, Hume Tract. November 1857. Property of James Hume (#125 GCCL); Camden County, Guevard Tract. Aug. 16, 1851. Property of John B. Guevard (#117 GCCL); Camden County, Ivanhoe Plantation. 1849. Property of Col. George W. Owens (#120 GCCL); Camden County, Ivanhoe Plantation. 1852. Property of Col. George W. Owens (#122 GCCL); Camden County, Waltham Tract, et. al. undated Property of Andrew Waltham and surrounding tracts (#136 GCCL); Central Railroad and Banking Co. land. undated (#38 CCT); Grange Plantation. 1853 (#43 CCT); Harmon Tract. 1859. Estate of Abraham Harmon (#44 CCT); Liberty County, Arcadia Plantation. April 7, 1848. Property of Rev. C.C. Jones, D.D. (#158 GCCL); Liberty County, Lambert Plantation. undated. Property of Charles E and Laura E. Maxwell (#159 GCCL); Liberty County, Way Tract, aka Tranquill Plantation. ca. 1850. Property of Dr. Samuel Way (#161 GCCL); Liberty County, Wright Tract. August 25, 1856. Property of William Wright, originally granted to William Spencer (#160 GCCL); Morel Tract. 1855. Property of Mrs. Eliza S. Morel (#46 CCT); Ossabaw Island. 1886 (#47 CCT); Placentia Plantation. 1853 (#48 CCT); Roberts Tract. 1853. Property of Hiram Roberts (#49 CCT); Savannah. ca. 1850 Ward Map (#3 SAV); Savannah. 1798. Township Plan by John McKinnon, Surveyor of Chatham County. 1867 Hughes copy with minor changes (#4 SAV); Sunbury, Georgia. ca. 1775 (#162 GCCL); Tranquila. 1886 (#53 CCT); Tweed Side Plantation. 1853 (#54 CCT).


Encoding funded by a 2012 Documenting Democracy grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Container List




11Items 1-32: George Hughes papers, 1797-1812
Receipts for sundries, purchase of slaves, rice, cotton; deed of sale for slaves; agreements to manage Westfield plantation belonging to estate of McIver; lists of slaves at Bonaventure, 1806-1807.
2Items 33-56: William Hughes correspondence, 1816-1847
Correspondents: William Osgood; Lewis Hines; George W. Waltour, regarding Sunbury school; Thomas Bacon, Samuel Lewis, both regarding Sand Hills school; Master John Baker, re his school in Harrisonburg, Va.; Reuben Tipton, regarding Hughes' livestock; Joseph Jones; Elena Rodes; George White applying for position at Sand Hills school; Lemuel Webb; Noah Laney; Asbury Morgan; D.M. Stewart; Joseph E. Maxwell; C.M. Bashlor; Montgomery Cumming; Daniel Kelsey; R.P. Burton; P.M. Compton. Some letters are personal, others concern school, religion, and surveying.
3Items 57-74: William Hughes correspondence, 1848-1884
Correspondents: John Dunwody; G.W. Anderson and brother; S.E. Habersham. R.P. Burton; Gideon B. Dean, regarding William Le Conte; John Sheffield; G.D. Woodbridge; William Starr Bassinger regarding a pending court case; Charles Colcock Jones, Jr., one re Hughes' map of Sunbury, map now in Georgia Historical Society collection, and requesting information on town for article he is writing, another regarding Nathan Brownson, another regarding a pending case and giving his reason for establishing residence in Augusta; R.F.C. Smith, regarding a Hardwick militia company; H.F. Horne; Harry W. Whalley. Except as noted above all concern surveying.
4Items 75-82: William Hughes commissions, 1826-1871
Commissions as Surveyor, Liberty County, Georgia.
5Items 83-103: William Hughes: receipted bills, 1826-1884
Receipted bills for purchase of slaves, sundries, expenses of son, A.C. Hughes at Georgia Military Institute.
6Items 104-108: William Hughes: deeds, 1820-1834
Deeds for slaves and land purchased by William Hughes in Burke and Liberty Counties, Georgia.
7Items 108-114: William Hughes: miscellaneous, 1794-1884
Authorization from C.M. Bashlor for Hughes to make a survey; one sheet of a personal journal, September 1851; summons to Hughes to appear in court as a witness, 1884. The following papers do not have William Hughes' name on them: Order on sight note, John James Mound to Col. William A. Washington, Westmoreland, Va., May 27, 1794, endorsed by Washington to Marsham Waring; bill of lading for claret imported from Bordeaux to John C. Jones, District of Boston and Charleston, October 8, 1801; receipted bill for merchandise purchased of Andrew Low & Co., 181_.
8Items 115-127: William Hughes: printed materials, 1855-1898
Circular from Mantz & Co., Lottery and Exchange Brokers, Baltimore, 1855; The Southern Almanac...1861 (Savannah: John M. Cooper & Co., 1861); circular from Georgia Comptroller General's Office to Justices of Inferior Courts regarding instructions to tax collectors, 1867; obituary of Mrs. Mary Jones, relict of the Rev. Dr. C.C. Jones, 1869; clipping: "What Shall We do With Our Daughters?" (1873); two advertisements for cotton seed from Henry T. Williams of Charleston, 1886; circular re guano from Peru, 1885; flyer offering reward for apprehension of Sam Jackson and Andrew Johnson, accused murderers, Statesboro, Georgia, 1898 (broadside); Suffrage and Civil Rights. The Record of the Democracy on the XVth Amendment, 8 p. uncut; advertisement for Electro-Chemical Baths, Savannah (broadside); price list of A.L. Archambault's portable steam engines on wheels (broadside); advertisement and list of the Advisory Board of the Georgia Mutual Aid Association, Sandersville, Georgia.
9Items 128-143: William Hughes: surveys and notes, Bryan County, 1847-1883, undated
10Items 144-158: William Hughes: surveys and notes, Camden County
11Items 159-218: William Hughes: surveys and notes, Chatham County
12Items 219-220: William Hughes: surveys and notes. Glynn County
13Items 221-270: William Hughes: surveys and notes, Liberty County
14Items 271-275: William Hughes: surveys and notes, McIntosh County
15Items 276-289: William Hughes: surveys and notes, unidentified, composite, miscellaneous notes


2County records

Items 290-296: Bryan, Burke, Camden: certified copies of warrants for land surveys, 1753-1816
Chatham County writ of fi.fa. against James Cashen, 1805, and a certified copy of Letter of Guardianship, Thomas M. Forman for Hugh Bryan et al, minors, 1858.
Items 297-305: Effingham County: warrants for surveys issued by the Court of Justices (Land Court), 1784-1789
Deeds, Sheriff of Effingham County to Thomas Wylly for 800 acres, 1826; judgment, George W. Behn vs. Archibald Wilkins, Jr., 1809.
Items 306-313: Franklin, Glynn and Greene Counties: warrants for surveys, Court of Justices (Land Court), Franklin County, 1785
Certified copy of warrant for survey, Glynn County (Parish of St. Patrick), 1767; writ of fi.fa., Glynn County, against Daniel Sullivan, 1808; warrant for land survey for John Swepson in Greene County, 1788.
Items 314-319: Liberty County: bonds, 1822-1848
Items 320-338: Liberty County: deeds, grants, warrant fro surveys, 1757-1882
The 1757 warrant is a copy.
Items 339-515: Liberty County: fieri facias writs, 1803-1851
Items 516-519: Liberty County: jail, committals and jail fees, 1841-1868
Items 520-526: Liberty County: judgments, executions, 1810-1860
Items 527-532: Liberty County: jury lists, verdicts, 1792-1883
Items 533-540: Liberty County: militia, 1833-1836
4th Battalion Courts Martial, depositions.
Items 541-552: Liberty County: miscellaneous, 1785-1895 and undated
Thomas Stone to William Leconte, May 5, 1785, regarding altering of cattle brand; G. Breitmayer & Co. to R.P. Burton, May 1, 1824, re payment of a bill; Bastardy warrant, State vs. Louis Timmon, 1847; William P. McCormick to John F. Sandiford, February 22, 1848, requesting meeting re business; election returns, October 1, 1855; certificate of John D. Cay and E.W. Delegal on examination of Peacock Bridge, November 14, 1871; Alfred B. Smith to John S. Long, March 27, 1873, regarding pending case; certificate of J.O. Ganasur and J.M. Smith, Land Processors, regarding a survey for William Hughes, may 11, 1883; W.B. Garden to the Baptist church on Little Canoochie, December 5, 1888, giving permission for African Americans named therein to join the church with penciled note of resolution of Church; L. Wheeloch to Friend Clark, St. Louis, Mo., December 19, 1895, regarding selling land; resolution in support of candidacy of Capt. S.D. Bradwell to represent the 1st Cong. Dist. In Congress, undated; announcement of Bradwell Institute, undated, broadside, in fragments.
Items 533-562: Liberty County: Ordinary, 1843-1871
Action of the Justices of the Court of Ordinary on the administration of the estate of Silas Perry, 1843; inventory of articles sold of estate of Benjamin Williams, 1845; rule to prove will of Jackson Floyd, 1856; letters to W.P. Girardeau, Ordinary, 1858-1871, re business of the Court; warrant of appraisement of estate of Caron Devena, 1861.
Items 563-564: Liberty County: petitions, 1833-1837
Petitions of Elizabeth Harnage and Dunham & Leonard (George W. Dunham and Rowland S. Leonard).
Items 565-567: Liberty County: Sheriff, 1824-1839
Letters to the Sheriff from Joseph S. Baker; Charlton & Ward; Mulford Marsh.
Items 568-571: Liberty County: subpoenas, 1840-1844
Items 572-600: Liberty County: tax fieri facias; tax returns, 1823-1866
Includes collector's report to the State of Georgia, 1823, and return of defaulters, 1864. The returns are for the 1132 Dist., 1864; some undated. The fi.fas. are November and December 1866.
Items 601-667; Liberty County: warrants for land surveys, issued by the Court of Justices (Land Court), 1784-1799
Includes petitions, some undated.


3County records

Items 668-672: McIntosh County, 1757-1875
Warrant for 200 acres to William Davis, 1757 (copy); fieri facias writs, 1807; execution of mortgage on estate of William A. Bagley for a steam mill, a saw mill and equipment, 1875.
Items 673-676: Montgomery County: deeds, bonds, grants, 1809-1884
Items 677-680: Montgomery County: election returns, voters list, 1845-1882
Items 681-682: Montgomery County: fieri facias, writs of, 1800
Items 683-685: Montgomery County: juries, 1810-1846
Verdict of a jury of inquest, 1810; presentments of the grant jury, April term, 1831; October term, 1846.
Items 686-687: Montgomery County: marks, brands and strays, 1794-1831
Records of marks, brands and strays, 1794-1800; affidavit of Birk Williamson re estray of a mule, 1831.
Items 688-689: Montgomery County: marriage licenses, 1807-1810
William Lizenbee and Mary Hooks; John Doughty and Letes Cooksee.
Item 690: Montgomery County: militia, 1862
Muster roll of the militia of Montgomery County, March 4, 1862.
Items 691-698: Montgomery County: miscellaneous, 1804-1885
Interrogatories and answers of Sarah Therrill in case of Drury Jones vs. Sherwood Swain, deceit, 1804; subpoena in case of Auley McAuley vs. Patrick McGriff, 1808; request of R.M. Thomas to Archibald McNell, Sheriff of Montgomery County, to obtain an execution in favor of William Hawthorn vs. Mathew Bryn, 1811; orders for payment of bills, for ferriage, and for iron for use of jail, 1828-1831; recognizance of John N. Wootten to give evidence in case of Isaac R. Hosford suspected of murder, 1855; resolution of Gov. Henry D. McDaniel designating a new militia district, #1386 in Montgomery County, 1885, MDS.
Items 699-700: Montgomery County: petitions, 1826 and undated
Petition of guardian of John Hambleton for his custody, 1826; Joshua W—— to the Inferior Court regarding proposed bridge over Big Ohoopee River, undated.
Items 701-705: Montgomery County: Poor School Fund, 1837-1838
Accounts for payment of the funds; includes parents' names, names of children, ages, subjects taught, days attended and tuition.
Items 706-713; Pulaski - Wilkes Counties
Pulaski: 2 surveys of McAuley and Peterson lands, undated. Tattnall: deeds, Benjamin Brewton to Josiah A. Alexander, 1861; Josiah A. Alexander to G.F. Hendricks, 1883; Mrs. Lizzie E. Floyd to C.C. Daniel, 1803. Washington: warrant for land survey to William Daniel, 1785. Wilkes: warrants for land surveys to Micajah Williamson and john Appling, 1785.
Items 714-716: Peter Fiveash papers, 1862-1864
Clothing and pay account, 1862; Special Order No.34, February 5, 1864, assigning Fiveash, private in Co. H 61st Ga. Regt. to duty in General Hospital in Macon (2 copies).
items 717-723: Alexander McArthur papers, 1868-1875
Commissions of Alexander McArthur as Clerk of Superior Court, Montgomery County, 1868-1875.
Items 724-764: Josiah Stewart papers, 1793
Orders for brandy, rum and sundries from his store at North Newport, Liberty County, September-December 1793 and undated.
Item 765: Henry Taylor receipt book, 1869-1891
Item 766: Thomas J. White paper, 1864
60 day furlough for Thomas J. White, private in Co. E, 22 Ga. Bn. Arty., August 16, 1864. Descriptive list (fragments) pasted on back.
Items 767-782: Horace Bertrand Folsom papers: Correspondence, 1924-1951
Correspondents in addition to Folsom are J.A. Le Conte re Midway settlers; Alberta J. Kinard re Troup Memorial Fund; William A Yatlor of U.S. Dept of Agriculture regarding tea culture (see also Items 797, 980); Mrs. R.I. Butler regarding James Shannon and Sunbury; Frederick V. Coville of U.S. Dept of Agriculture, John Gil, et al regarding the Franklinia Altamaha; Mrs. J.F. Rudolph re Rudolph (Rudulph) family, enclosing genealogical notes; James W. Holland of Fort Pulaski National Monument sending rosters of companies which served at the fort in 1862; letter to Southeastern Pipe Line Company giving data on early Georgia railroads; Mrs. De Los Lemuel Hill re program dedicating marker at Sunbury Cemetery, 1951.
Items 783-787: Horace Bertrand Folsom papers: Ward Allen letters, 1928-1930
Regarding his family and his uncle, John E. Ward. Enclosed are clippings on Allen and Ward, and a typed copy of the letters.
Items 788-789: Horace Bertrand Folsom papers. "Formal Address," and a resolution endorsing candidacy of Prince H. Preston for re-election to Congress, undated
Items 790-793: Horace Bertrand Folsom papers: papers by others, 1861
"Recollection of Rev. James Shannon," by Jesse H. Campbell, 1861 (typed copy); "Historical Notes by Malcolm D. McKinnon," re Brunswick, St. Simons Island, etc. (Glynn County) (typed copy); A Partial List of Confederate Officers and Men Serving at Fort Pulaski at the Time of Its Surrender, April 11, 1862, by J.W. Holland, 1938 (typed and bound copy); Spanish Missions at Darien, by Mrs. Florence Lachlison.



460Items 794-797: Horace Bertrand Folsom papers: miscellaneous notes
Liberty County; churches in Georgia prior to 1829; charter of the Midway Society (typed copy); tea culture.
61Items 798-832: Horace Bertrand Folsom papers; notes and correspondence on paper making in Georgia, 1932
62Items 833-865: Horace Bertrand Folsom papers; notes and correspondence on Perry's Mills, 1930-1931
Regarding a German philanthropic colony which settled there in 1870.
63Items 866-872: Horace Bertrand Folsom papers: notes, drafts of a sketch of Gov. George Michael Troup and His Horse Shoe Bend and Rosemont plantations, with photographs
64-65Items 873-915: Horace Bertrand Folsom papers: reminiscences of Georgia
Sketches of individuals on various phases of Georgia history written for and published in the Macon Telegraph, April 10, 1927-March 25, 1928, and Atlanta Journal, 1833.
66Historical sketches, A-E
Item 916: Altamaha's First Bridge
Item 917: Antebellum Echoes
Item 918: Battle of Bloody Marsh
Includes revisions.
Item 919: Brantley Matter (William B. Brantley)
Item 920: Lewis Cass
Item 921: Compulsory Suffrage
Item 922: Constitution of Georgia
Item 923: Cotton Seed Oil
Item 924: Distant Echoes from Niagara
Item 925: Dogwood, Nature's Panacea
Item 926: Early Avenues of Traffic (Rivers)
Item 927: Early Cotton Legislation
Item 928-929: Early Georgia Settlers (2)
Item 930: Early Industry on Ogeechee River
Item 931: Early Stage Coach Days
Item 932: Ebenezer
Item 933: Echoes from Bark Camp (Church in Burke County)
Item 934: Echoes from Early Days in Georgia (William Hughes' letters)
Item 935: Echoes from Tattnall
Item 936: Echoes from Wayne
Item 937: Education in Georgia, Early (Montgomery County)
Item 938: Empire Builders (Agricultural Society of Georgia, chartered 1810)
67Historical sketches, F-L
Item 939: The First Negro Hospital (Georgia Infirmary)
Item 940: From the Tagus to the Savannah (Dr. Samuel Nunez)
Item 940A: A Gem of the Wiregrass (Southeast Georgia)
Item 941: The Georgia Navy
Item 942: Georgians Who Stood Stanchly by Washington
Item 943: Georgia's Anti-Tariff Convention of a Century Ago
Item 944: Hide and Tallow Days
Items 945-946: Dr. Abiel Holmes at Midway (2)
Item 947: How the Confederate Testament was Printed
Item 948: How Modern Ocean Traffic Began in Georgia
Item 949: Inland Transportation I Georgia
Items 950-951: The Jews in Early Georgia (2)
Items 953-954: King Matter (Thomas Butler King) (2)
Item 954: Liberty County Fair
68Historical sketches, M-S
Item 955: Dr. William McWhir
Item 956: Middlesex Voices Once heard
Item 957: Midway Corrections
Item 959: Montgomery County Notes
Item 960: Negro Education in Georgia
Item 961: Olive Culture in Georgia
Item 962: Opening of Coastal Highway
Item 963: Opposed Secession, poem on Confederate Note
Item 964: Organization of Georgia Dept. of Agriculture
Item 965: Petroleum
Item 966: A Political Card of 1848
Item 967: Presbyterianism in Georgia, Notes on Early
Item 968: Pristine Georgia Roads
Item 969: Pulaski's Banner, Count
Item 970: Renowned Revolutionary Feat. (Sgts. William jasper and John Newton)
Item 971: Savannah Markets
Item 972: Slave Baptism by Proxy, An Invendo of Old
Item 973: Sparks from Family Forges (Dr. Clement Clarke Moore and Dr. Robert Francis Goulding)
Item 974: Springer, Ordination of Rev. John
Item 975: James Stacy
Item 976: The Sugar Bowl of Colonial Period
69Historical sketches, T-W
Item 977: Tattnall County
Item 978: A Tax Law Born With Teeth
Item 979: Tax on Professions
Item 980: Tea Culture in the South
Item 981: Tobacco, Early Georgia Staple
Item 982: Gov. Treutlen, A Salzburger
Items 983-984: Gov. Treutlen Again (2)
Item 985: U.S. Post Office
Item 986: Utility the Real Value
Item 987: Vicksburg Daily Citizen, 1863 July 2
Item 988: John E. Ward.
Item 989: Wesley the Circuit Rider
Item 990: Wesley's Sermon on Whitefield
Item 991: When a Georgia Lad Won Washington's Prize (Augustus Smith Clayton of Augusta)
Item 992: When the Indian First Read his language (Yemassee)
Item 993: George Whitefield's Will
70Items 994-999: Horace Bertrand Folsom papers: genealogical notes
Sketches and Confederate Service of Men in Lowndes, Brooks, and Berrien Counties (2). The Rev. Wilson Conner family Bible (2); Bibb family; Raphael Semmes.
71Items 1000-1015: Horace Bertrand Folsom papers; clippings of H.B. Folsom's articles from various papers, many of them not in this collection