George Galphin account books
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George Galphin account books

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Georgia Historical Society
Creator: Galphin, George, -1780.
Title: George Galphin account books
Dates: 1767-1772
Extent: 0.25 cubic feet (1 box, 1 microfilm roll)
Identification: MS 0269

Biographical/Historical Note

George Galphin (ca. 1709-1780), a native of Ireland, immigrated to South Carolina in 1737. He established an Indian trading post at Silver Bluff on the South Carolina side of the Savannah River, a few miles below Augusta, Ga. By the 1740s he had obtained a trading license from the President of Georgia and began trading with the Creek and Cherokee Indians in both South Carolina and Georgia. Through the next several years Galphin became involved in Indian affairs and assumed some importance as an unofficial representative of the colonial governors by providing them with information about the Indian nations.

In 1765 George Galphin and Lachlan McGillivray successfully petitioned for land, recently ceded by the Indians, to establish a settlement of Irish emigrants. By 1768 the first families settled this new town on Queensborough but by the Revolution this settlement had disappeared. As the Creeks and Cherokees began to give up more and more territory, Galphin became increasingly involved in Indian affairs. In June 1775 he was named Commissioner of the South Carolina Patriot Council of Safety and one month later the continental Congress appointed him Indian Commissioner for the Southern District. Most of Galphin's efforts during the Revolution were aimed at keeping the Creeks neutral and avoiding a frontier war. His success in sustaining anti-British feelings on the frontier went largely unappreciated. In 1780 Galphin was declared guilty of high treason by the restored Georgia colonial government. Lachlan McGillivray, while in Scotland and out of touch with recent events, filed a protest and certified Galphin's loyalty to England. Four months later, in December 1780, Galphin died.


Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of three account books from George Galphin's trading post at Silver Bluff, 1767-1772. The volumes are in very poor condition and cannot be used or photocopied. Microfilm of the collection is available.


Index Terms

Account books.
Cherokee Indians.
Creek Indians.
Galphin, George, -1780.
Indian traders.
Microfilms.
Silver Bluff (S.C.)

Physical and Technical Access Restrictions

The account books are in very poor condition and cannot be used or photocopied. Microfilm of the collection is available, X-269-01.

A microfilm reader is required to access this collection.


Administrative Information

Custodial History

Unknown.

Preferred Citation

[item identification], George Galphin account books, MS 269, Georgia Historical Society, Savannah, Georgia.

Acquisition Information

Gift of George R. Black, 1873.


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to the Georgia Historical Society. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Division of Library and Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Georgia Historical Society as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the researcher.


Sponsorship

Encoding funded by a 2012 Documenting Democracy grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Container List

 

Item

1Account book, 1767 December-1768 January
 

Item

2Account book, 1771 October-1772 July 2
 

Item

3Account book, 1772 March 23-July 2
 

roll

1X-0269-01. Account books