Couper and Fraser family papers
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Couper and Fraser family papers

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Georgia Historical Society
Creator: Couper family.
Creator: Fraser family.
Title: Couper and Fraser family papers
Dates: 1810-1894
Extent: 0.5 cubic feet (1 box)
Identification: MS 0265

Biographical/Historical Note

Anne Sarah Couper Fraser, the main correspondent in this collection, was the daughter of Rebecca Maxwell and John Couper and the sister of James Hamilton Couper and Isabella Hamilton Couper Bartow. She married John Fraser of the British Royal Navy in 1816 and had ten children. She lived for a time in England with her husband before settling in Glynn County, Georgia near her birthplace. After her husband died, she remained in Glynn County until 1854 when her house burned and she moved with her remaining children to Marietta. She lived in Marietta during the Civil War, during which her home was converted into a hospital and much of her property was destroyed by U.S. Army soldiers. In 1866 she moved to Louisiana where she died.


Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of letters, business records, and miscellaneous papers of members of the Fraser and Couper families. Most of the correspondence contains news of family and friends. Included are letters of condolence to Anne Fraser upon the occasions of the death of her husband and some of her children; correspondence dealing with Anne Fraser's pension from the British government and concerning damages done to the Fraser's house and property during the Civil War. Several letters discuss the War of 1812. There are numerous Civil War letters in the collection including some from prisoners of war. The collection is arranged chronologically.

Family correspondents within the collection include John Couper (1759-1850) and his wife Rebecca Maxwell Couper (1775-1845); John Fraser (1791-1839) and his wife Anne Sarah Couper Fraser (d. 1866) and some of their children: Anne Rebecca Fraser (Mrs. Paul Demere) (1817-1841), James William Lovat Fraser (d.1845), John Couper Fraser (d. 1863), Selina Fraser (Mrs. George Mortimer Stubinger) (b.1836), Rebecca L. M. Fraser (b. 1834), Frances Fraser, Susan Fraser. Other family correspondents include William Fraser (1794-1837), brother of John Fraser; James Hamilton Couper (1794-1866), brother of Anne S. C. Fraser; Isabella Hamilton Couper (Mrs. Theodore B. Bartow) (1815-1841), sister of Anne S. C. Fraser; Theodore B. Bartow; Robert H. Couper; Hamilton Couper; and Isabelle Stiles (?). Other correspondents include Julia Datty; Isabella Wilson; Louisa C. Shaw, daughter of Nathaniel Green; Fanny Kemble Butler; Sir George Cockburn; Charles Menzies; Lula Habersham; M. W. Menzies; Sir Frederick Bruce; F. Hazard; Grace Minto; and others.

In addition to correspondence, there are several bills of sale for slaves, listing the slaves by name; an account of the sinking of the Pulaski by John Hamilton Couper (published without attribution in George White's Historical Collections of Georgia, 1854, 353-364); a speech by John W. Quincy on the Confederacy and its flag; genealogy of the Maxwell family by James Audley Maxwell; history of Christ Church on St. Simons Island by Caroline G. Couper; reminiscences of an unidentified soldier who served under General John C. Breckinridge; reminiscences about John Couper by Margaret Fraser Demere; information on John Fraser, James William Lovat Fraser, and William Fraser by Margaret Davis Cate; recipes; medicinal cures; photographs; needlework patterns and a piece of needlework; poems; and miscellaneous business records.


Index Terms

Bruce, Frederick W. A., Sir, (Frederick William Adolphus), 1814-1867.
Business records.
Cate, Margaret Davis, 1888-1961.
Christ Church (St. Simon's Island, Ga.)
Cockburn, George, Sir, 1763-1847.
Confederate States of America.
Confederate States of America. Army--Military life.
Cookery--19th century.
Couper family.
Couper, J. Hamilton, (James Hamilton), 1794-1866.
Couper, John, 1759-1850.
Family papers.
Fraser family.
Fraser, Anne Sarah Couper, d. 1866.
Letters (correspondence)
Maxwell family.
Medicine--19th century.
Needlework (visual works)
Photographs.
Poems.
Pulaski (Steamship)
Slaveholders--Georgia.
Traditional medicine.

Administrative Information

Custodial History

Unknown.

Preferred Citation

[item identification], Couper and Fraser family papers, MS 265, Georgia Historical Society, Savannah, Georgia.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Margaret Couper Sanger (Mrs. Charles O. Sanger), 1948, 1961, 1964


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to the Georgia Historical Society. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Division of Library and Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Georgia Historical Society as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the researcher.


Sponsorship

Encoding funded by a 2012 Documenting Democracy grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Container List

 

Fldr

Item

11-16Correspondence, 1810-1819
Includes James Hamilton Couper to Anne Sarah Couper at Miss Julia Datty's School in Charleston, St. Simon's, 1810; Account of money paid to Julia Datty for Anne Couper at St. Simon's, Charleston, 1812, 1813; Anne Couper to John Fraser on Cumberland and in England, St. Simon's, 1815; Anne Couper to John Fraser on Cumberland and in England, Long Island, 1815; Louisa C. Shaw to Anne Fraser at St. Simon's, Darien, 1819; Isabella Wilson to Anne Fraser in London, Liverpool, 1819.
 

Fldr

Item

217-32Correspondence, 1820-1829
Includes certified statement of Lt. John Fraser's service in the Royal Marines, 1820; Anne Fraser to Mrs. John Couper (Rebecca) at St. Simon's, London, 1820; Isabella Wilson to Anne Fraser in London, Liverpool, 1820; Grace Minto to Anne Fraser at Rhode Island, Surrey, 1822; Grace Minto to Anne Fraser at St. Simon's, Surrey, 1827; William Fraser to Anne Rebecca Fraser at St. Simon's, Savannah, 1824; Anne Rebecca Fraser to Lt. John Fraser in Liverpool, St. Simon's, 1827; James William Lovat Fraser to Lt. John Fraser in Liverpool, St. Simon's, 1828
 

Fldr

Item

333-52Correspondence and papers, 1830-1839
Includes Bill of Sale, Richard Carnochan to John Couper and John Fraser, Charleston, 1831, for 60 slaves, listed by name - item is missing; Isabella H. Couper to Mrs. John Couper, Sr. at St. Simon's, Savannah, 1833; George Cockburn to John Fraser answering requests concerning promotion and appointment, Halifax, 1835 and Essex, 1839; George Cockburn to Anne Fraser upon the death of her husband, Essex, 1839; Will of William Fraser, 1837; Annie Rebecca Fraser to Anne Sarah Couper at Hamilton, Greenville, 1837; Account of explosion of the Pulaski by John Hamilton Couper, 1838; J. C. (John Couper?) to John Fraser at Hamilton, Cannon's Point, 1837 mentioning the Pulaski; John Fraser to John Couper Fraser, 1838; Arthur Barclay to James William Lovat Fraser at St. Simon's, New York, 1839; Fanny (Kemble) Butler to Mr. and Mrs. (John) Fraser at Hamilton, Hampton, 1839.
 

Fldr

Item

453-76Correspondence and papers, 1840-1849
Includes unsigned (Anne Fraser) to Right Honorable Sir George Cockburn in Essex, St. Simon's 1840; Cha. Menzies to Anne Fraser, Portsmouth, 1840; certified statement that Lt. John Fraser died July 18, 1839, signed by J. C. (?) Turner, M.D., Glynn County; James William Lovat Fraser to Anne Fraser at St. Simon's, Jamaica and Honduras, 1840-1845; T. B. Bartow to Anne Fraser at St. Simon's, Long Island, 1841; Explanation of how to tell fortunes with cards, September, 1843; Fragment of letter from unsigned to Anne Fraser notifying her of the death of her son James William Lovat Fraser, 1845; T. B. Bartow to Anne Fraser at St. Simon's, Astoria, 1845; Mrs. M. W. Menzies to Anne Fraser at St. Simon's, Chatham, 1845-1846; John Couper to Rebecca Fraser at Song View, Hopeton, 1845-1846; John Couper to Anne Fraser, Hopeton, 1846; Pete (Rebecca Fraser) to John Couper Fraser in Savannah, Sand Hill, 1848
 

Fldr

Item

577-94Correspondence and papers, 1850-1858
Includes John Couper Fraser to Pete (Rebecca Fraser), Savannah, 1850, 1851; Fran. F. (Frances Fraser) to John Couper Fraser in Savannah, Goshen, 1850; Sue (Susan Fraser) to Jack (John Couper Fraser), 1851; McClusky and Norton to James Hamilton Couper, Savannah, 1851, regarding John Couper Fraser; Anne Fraser to John Couper Fraser, Goshen 1852; John Couper Fraser to Anne Fraser, Savannah, 1852, 1854; Memorial of John Fraser sent to His Royal Highness William Henry Duke of Clarence, Lord High Admiral of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, 1851; Charles Menzies to Anne Fraser in Liverpool, East Hill House, 1856; Mrs. M. W. Menzies to Anne Fraser, East Hill House, 1857
 

Fldr

Item

695-137Correspondence and papers, 1860-1868
Includes John Couper Fraser to Pete (Rebecca Fraser), Savannah and various C. S. Army camps in Virginia, 1860-1863; John Couper Fraser to Anne Fraser, Savannah and various C. S. Army camps in Virginia, 1861-1863; George Mortimer Stubinger to Selina Fraser and Anne Fraser, both at Marietta, Camp Moore, Louisiana, Manassas Junction, Virginia and U.S. Military Prison, Rock Island, Illinois, 1861-1865; C.A. Jones, Asst. Surgeon and S.P. Hamilton to Anne Fraser notifying her of death of her son, John Couper Fraser, Frederick's Hall, Virginia and H.Q. Longstreet's Artillery, 1863; Major J. I. G. Reid to Anne Fraser, Savannah, 1863; Lula Habersham to Anne Fraser, Cartersville, 1863; Anne Fraser to Lord Lyons, H.M. British Minister at Washington, D.C., Marietta, 1864; Robert H. Couper to Anne Fraser in Marietta, Johnson's Island (U.S. Military Prison) near Sandusky, Ohio and Augusta, 1864, 1865; Anne Fraser to General Menzies, Marietta, 1863; Charles R. Simpson to Anne Fraser in Marietta and to Rebecca Fraser in New Iberia, Louisiana, North Wales and New Nantwich, 1866; Anne Fraser to Sir Frederick Bruce, Marietta, 1866; James S. Nichols to Rebecca Fraser, Marietta, 1866; Rebecca Fraser to His Excellency Edward Thornton, British Minister at Washington, D.C., New Iberia, Louisiana, 1868; Speech by John W. Quincy on the Confederacy and the flag
 

Fldr

Item

7138-144Correspondence and papers, 1870-1876
Includes Cousin Ida (Isabelle Stiles?) to Rebecca Fraser in Marietta, New York, 1870; Belle to My Dear Sister (Selina Fraser?) in Marietta, New Iberia, 1870; Jane H. Stubinger to My Dear Sister (Selina Fraser), New Iberia, 1870; Sophie to My Dear Sister (Selina Fraser?), Iberia, 1870; Notarized statement affirming that Dr. William Fraser married Frances Ann Wylly in 1822 on St. Simon's, 1874; Notarized statement affirming that Captain John Fraser of the British Army died at St. Simon's in 1839 leaving a wife and 10 children and that the widow of John Fraser kept his property undivided until the day of her death, 1876
 

Fldr

Item

8145-155Correspondence and papers, 1880-1894
Includes genealogy of Maxwell family written by James Audley Maxwell, 1880-1886; History of Christ Church on St. Simon's by Caroline G. Couper, 1884; J. E. Maxwell to My Dear Cousin, Grovetown, 1885; J. N. Gore to Rebecca Fraser, Chicago, 1893 (Gore was a surgeon in the U. S. Army during the Civil War at the Fraser house in Marietta when it was damaged); George E. Lemon, attorney, to Rebecca Fraser in Marietta, New York, 1894 regarding claims for damage to Fraser property during Civil War
 

Fldr

Item

9156-191Correspondence and papers, undated
Includes letters to and from Anne Fraser, Rebecca Fraser and other relatives and friends of the Fraser family; Miscellaneous business records; Incomplete reminiscences of an unidentified soldier who served as a company commander in General John C. Breckinridge's Division and fought at Corinth, Tupelo, Vicksburg, Baton Rouge in 1862, and as an engineer working on the harbor at Mobile, James Island near Charleston, and fortifications along the Florida Gulf Coast. This soldier lived in Cuthbert, Georgia after the War where he was a butcher, later lived in Marietta.; List of 40 slaves received by Peck and Son from John Fraser to be conveyed to James A. Couper or John A. Wylly; List of slaves sold in Savannah belonging to Anne S. Fraser and children; Reminiscences about John Couper by one of his grandchildren, Margaret Fraser Demere; Information on John Fraser, James William Lovat Fraser and William Fraser by Margaret Davis Cate; Miscellaneous papers and poems
 

Fldr

Item

10192-209Miscellaneous
Includes recipes, medicinal cures, photographs, needlework pattern and a piece of needlework.