Basil Cowper decision and bonds
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Basil Cowper decision and bonds

Descriptive Summary

Repository: Georgia Historical Society
Creator: Cowper, Basil, -1802.
Title: Basil Cowper decision and bonds
Dates: 1800-1803
Extent: 0.05 cubic feet (1 folder)
Identification: MS 0179

Biographical/Historical Note

Basil Cowper (d. 1802), a native of Scotland, moved to Georgia around 1760. In 1766, he started the Savannah firm of Cowper and Telfairs with brothers Edward and William Telfair. Cowper represented the District of Action in 1775 as a delegate in the Provincial Congress. From 1776 until 1779, he fought in the Revolutionary War on the side of the United States against the Great Britain. Following the British occupation of Savannah in 1779, he joined the British Army. In 1782, he left the United States. Cowper was banished and his estate confiscated as a result of his Loyalist activities. Cowper died in Jamaica on June 28, 1802.

Scope and Content Note

This collection consists of an 1800 verdict passed down by the Chatham County Superior Court regarding the confiscation of Basil Cowper's estate and all debts due to him for his Loyalist activities during the Revolutionary War. It states that at the time, he was living in England. A separate record of Cowper's bonds for debt, 1774-1777, recorded in 1803, indicates that Edward Telfair, Joseph Clay, and Anne Cuthbert were indebted to Cowper.

Index Terms

American loyalists.
Bonds (legal records)
Clay, Joseph, 1741-1804.
Cowper, Basil, -1802.
Georgia. Superior Court (Chatham County)
Telfair, Edward, approximately 1735-1807.
United States--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--Confiscations and contributions.

Administrative Information

Custodial History


Preferred Citation

[Item identification], Basil Cowper decision and bonds, MS 179, Georgia Historical Society, Savannah, Georgia.

Acquisition Information



Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to the Georgia Historical Society. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Division of Library and Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Georgia Historical Society as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the researcher.


Encoding funded by a 2012 Documenting Democracy grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.

Container List

Basil Cowper vs. Edward Telfair, debt verdict, 1800 April 24 ( 2.0 p. )
Chatham County Superior Court document outlining Cowper's career in Georgia, especially in the Revolution, where he changed from Patriot to Loyalist.
Bonds for debt 1774-1777, 1803 June 10 ( 7.0 p. )
Sheftall Sheftall, Notary Public certifies that the bonds in the document are true copies of originals. Those bound to Basil Cowper for varying amounts were Edward Telfair and Joseph Clay. There is also a promissory note of Anne Cuthbert to Basil Cowper.